•  502
    Moral conflicts and ethical relativism
    Ethics 101 (1): 27-41. 1990.
    The article focuses on the study on moral conflicts and ethical relativism. There are few theories in the history ethics that stated that a moral dilemma can not be adhered by to moral requirements. According to philosophy professor David Wong, occurrence of irresolvable moral disagreement is one of the normative problems. On the other hand, the author asserted that single-agent moral conflicts do not necessarily fall under the relativism theory
  •  90
    Realities about legal realism
    Law and Philosophy 4 (3). 1985.
  •  84
    Privacy and policy for genetic research
    Ethics and Information Technology 6 (1): 5-14. 2004.
    I begin with a discussion of the value of privacy and what we lose without it. I then turn to the difficulties of preserving privacy for genetic information and other medical records in the face of advanced information technology. I suggest three alternative public policy approaches to the problem of protecting individual privacy and also preserving databases for genetic research:(1) governmental guidelines and centralized databases, (2) corporate self-regulation, and (3) my hybrid approach. Non…Read more
  •  71
    Free speech and offensive expression
    Social Philosophy and Policy 21 (2): 81-103. 2004.
    Free speech has historically been viewed as a special and preferred democratic value in the United States, by the public as well as by the legislatures and courts. In 1937, Justice Benjamin Cardozo wrote in Palko v. Connecticut that protection of speech is a “fundamental” liberty due to America's history, political and legal, and he recognized its importance, saying, “[F]reedom of thought and speech” is “the matrix, the indispensable condition, of nearly every other form of freedom.” It is likel…Read more
  •  61
    Violent Pornography: censorship, morality and social alternatives
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 1 (1): 79-94. 1984.
  •  49
    Conditional obligation and counterfactuals
    Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (1). 1981.
  •  48
    I first discuss reasons for feminists to attend to the role of women in the military, despite past emphasis on antimilitarism. I then focus on the exclusion of women from combat duty, reviewing its sanction by the U.S. Supreme Court and the history of its adoption. I present arguments favoring the exclusion, defending strong replies to each, and demonstrate that reasoning from related cases and feminist analyses of equality explain why exclusion remains entrenched
  •  43
    Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2008.
  •  38
    The scope of privacy in law and ethics
    Law and Philosophy 5 (2). 1986.
  •  36
    The Priority of Privacy for Medical Information
    Social Philosophy and Policy 17 (2): 213. 2000.
    Individuals care about and guard their privacy intensely in many areas. With respect to patient medical records, people are exceedingly concerned about privacy protection, because they recognize that health care generates the most sensitive sorts of personal information. In an age of advancing technology, with the switch from paper medical files to massive computer databases, privacy protection for medical information poses a dramatic challenge. Given high-speed computers and Internet capabiliti…Read more
  •  35
    Moral rights: Conflicts and valid claims
    Philosophical Studies 54 (1). 1988.
    Most of us have certain intuitions about moral rights, at least partially captured by the ideas that: (A) rights carry special weight in moral argument; (B) persons retain their rights even when they are legitimately infringed; although (C) rights undoubtedly do conflict with one another, and are sometimes overridden as well by nonrights considerations. I show that Dworkin's remarks about rights allow us to affirm (A), (B), and (C), yet those remarks are extremely vague. I then argue that Feinbe…Read more
  •  32
    Defending the “private” in constitutional privacy
    Journal of Value Inquiry 21 (3): 171-184. 1987.
    Suppose we agree to reject the view that privacy has narrow scope and consequently is irrelevant to the constitutional privacy cases. We then have (at least) these two options: (1) We might further emphasize and draw out similarities between tort and constitutional privacy claims in order to develop a notion of privacy fundamental to informational and Fourth Amendment privacy concerns as well as the constitutional cases. We can cite examples indicating this is a promising position. Consider cons…Read more
  •  20
    Alternatives for protecting privacy while respecting patient care and public health needs
    Ethics and Information Technology 1 (4): 249-255. 1999.
    This paper begins with a discussion of the value of privacy,especially for medical records in an age of advancing technology.I then examine three alternative approaches to protection ofmedical records: reliance on governmental guidelines, the useof corporate self-regulation, and my own third hybrid view onhow to maintain a presumption in favor of privacy with respectto medical information, safeguarding privacy as vigorously andcomprehensively as possible, without sacrificing the benefitsof new i…Read more
  •  20
    Personal Autonomy in Society
    Social Theory and Practice 35 (1): 148-155. 2009.
  •  18
    Uneasy Access: Privacy for Women in a Free Society
    with Anita L. Allen
    Philosophical Review 101 (3): 709. 1992.
  •  16
    Drug Testing Balancing Privacy and Public Safety
    Hastings Center Report 24 (2): 17-23. 1994.
  •  16
    Book review (review)
    Law and Philosophy 4 (1). 1985.
    Abraham Newman has written a thoughtful and provocative book about the protection of privacy and how it has evolved in two dramatically different ways in the European Union and the United States over the past 50 years
  •  15
    Innocence Lost: An Examination of Inescapable Moral Wrongdoing
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (2): 487-490. 1998.
  •  10
    The scope of privacy in law and ethics
    Law and Philosophy 5 (2): 145-173. 1986.
  •  9
    Innocence Lost: An Examination of Inescapable Moral Wrong-Doing
    Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 58 (2): 487-490. 1998.
  •  7
    The Problem of Conditional Obligation
    Dissertation, University of Massachusetts Amherst. 1978.