•  10
    Deferred Reference of Proper Names
    Journal of Semantics. forthcoming.
    In this paper, we argue that proper names have deferred uses. Following Geoffrey Nunberg, we describe the deferred reference mechanism by which a linguistic expression refers to something in the world by exploiting a contextually salient relation between an index and the referent in question. Nunberg offered a thorough analysis of deferred uses of indexicals but claimed that proper names do not permit such uses. We, however, offer a number of examples of uses of proper names which pass grammatic…Read more
  •  3
    Descriptive Indexicals, Deferred Reference, and Anaphora
    Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 62 (1): 25-52. 2020.
    The objectives of this paper are twofold. The first is to present a differentiation between two kinds of deferred uses of indexicals: those in which indexical utterances express singular propositions and those where they express general propositions. The second objective is the analysis of the descriptive uses of indexicals. In contrast to Nunberg, who treats descriptive uses as a special case of deferred reference in which a property contributes to the proposition expressed, I argue that exampl…Read more
  •  8
    Indexicals and Names in Proverbs
    Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 46 (1): 59-78. 2016.
    This paper offers an analysis of indexical expressions and proper names as they are used in proverbs. Both indexicals and proper names contribute properties rather than objects to the propositions expressed when they are used in sentences interpreted as proverbs. According to the proposal, their contribution is accounted for by the mechanism of descriptive anaphora. Indexicals with rich linguistic meaning, such as ‘I’, ‘you’ or ‘today’, turn out to be cases of the attributive uses of indexicals,…Read more
  •  38
    Descriptive Indexicals and Epistemic Modality
    Topoi 36 (1): 161-170. 2017.
    In this paper I argue for a non-referential interpretation of some uses of indexicals embedded under epistemic modals. The so-called descriptive uses of indexicals come in several types and it is argued that those embedded within the scope of modal operators do not require non-referential interpretation, provided the modality is interpreted as epistemic. I endeavor to show that even if we allow an epistemic interpretation of modalities, the resulting interpretation will still be inadequate as lo…Read more
  • „Referencja przeniesiona”
    Przegląd Filozoficzny 3 (75): 77-97. 2010.
  • Descriptive uses of indexicals result in expressing a general proposition instead of a singular proposition, which is typical for indexicals. In contrast to Nunberg's and Recanati's proposals, who treat such uses of indexicals as referring, the conception developed in the paper is a quasi-anaphoric interpretation of descriptive uses of indexicals. In the quasi-anaphoric mechanism an indexical expression inherits its semantic properties from its antecedent, but - in contrast to classical anaphora…Read more
  •  12
    He is usually an Italian, but he isn't
    Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 18 (2): 226-234. 2011.
  •  3
    Truth As Consensus. A Logical Analysis
    In Katarzyna Kijania-Placek & Jan Woleński (eds.), The Lvov-Warsaw School and Contemporary Philosophy, Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 343--353. 1998.
  •  38
    Can minimalism about truth embrace polysemy?
    Synthese 195 (3): 955-985. 2018.
    Paul Horwich is aware of the fact that his theory as stated in his works is directly applicable only to a language in which a word, understood as a syntactic type, is connected with exactly one literal meaning. Yet he claims that the theory is expandable to include homonymy and indexicality and thus may be considered as applicable to natural language. My concern in this paper is with yet another kind of ambiguity—systematic polysemy—that assigns multiple meanings to one linguistic type. I want t…Read more