•  110
    Religious epistemology
    Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2004.
  • Blackwell Companion to Naturalism (edited book)
    . 2016.
  • Pluralism and proper function
    In Deane-Peter Baker (ed.), Alvin Plantinga, Cambridge University Press. 2007.
  • Readings in Philosophy of Religion (edited book)
    Broadview. 2005.
  • Motivating Morality
    with Andrew Samuel
    In Kelly James Clark & Raymond J. VanArragon (eds.), Evidence and Religious Belief, Oxford University Press. 2011.
  • Probabilistic Confirmation Theory and the Existence of God
    Dissertation, University of Notre Dame. 1985.
    A recent development in the philosophy of religion has been the attempt to justify belief in God using Bayesian confirmation theory. My dissertation critically discusses two prominent spokesmen for this approach--Richard Swinburne and J. L. Mackie. Using probabilistic confirmation theory, these philosophers come to wildly divergent conclusions with respect to the hypothesis of theism; Swinburne contends that the evidence raises the overall probability of the hypothesis of theism, whereas Mackie …Read more
  •  1
    Risen Indeed: Making Sense of the Resurrection (review)
    Faith and Philosophy 12 (2): 294-298. 1995.
  •  29
    Faith and Narrative
    Faith and Philosophy 21 (3): 406-410. 2004.
  •  67
    Atheism and Inferential Bias
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (2): 43-56. 2017.
    While the cognitive science of religion is well-trodden ground, atheism has been considerably less scrutinized. Recent psychological studies associate atheism with an intellectual virtue, inferentiality. Theism, on the other hand, is associated with an intellectual “vice”, intuitive thinking. While atheism is allied with the attendant claim that atheism is the result of careful rational assessment of the relevant evidence, theism is considered the result of a lack of reflection on the relevant e…Read more
  •  7
    Imaginings
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (3): 17-30. 2017.
    In Branden Thornhill-Miller and Peter Millican’s challenging and provocative essay, we hear a considerably longer, more scholarly and less melodic rendition of John Lennon’s catchy tune—without religion, or at least without first-order supernaturalisms, there’d be significantly less intra-group violence. First-order supernaturalist beliefs, as defined by Thornhill-Miller and Peter Millican, are “beliefs that claim unique authority for some particular religious tradition in preference to all othe…Read more
  •  40
    I Believe in God the Father, Almighty
    International Philosophical Quarterly 35 (1): 59-69. 1995.
    The theist affirms God's paternal care and his unsurpassable ability. If God is Father, he is obliged to prevent harms in a manner similar to earthly fathers; but he has not. This essay refutes the claim that God has obligations closely analogous to those of earthly parents. The essay is a conceptual analysis of what the father/ child relationship entails with respect to moral obligations and permissions. The dissimilarities between the divine and human parent create differences in obligation so…Read more
  • (edited book)
    Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1992.
  • Kua Zong Jiao Dui Hua, Zhongguo Yu Xi Fang (edited book)
    with Youde Fu and Melville Y. Stewart
    Zhongguo She Hui Ke Xue Chu Ban She. 2004.
  • Readings in the Philosophy of Religion - Third Edition (edited book)
    Broadview Press. 2017.
    This anthology contains the best of both classical and contemporary sources, offering a balanced historical approach to the philosophy of religion while reflecting the latest developments in the field. The included readings grapple with issues that are existentially compelling and provocative regardless of one’s religious leanings. Topics are covered in a point–counterpoint manner designed to foster deep reflection. This third edition contains an entirely new section on early Chinese religion as…Read more
  • PERRY, J.-Dialogue on Good, Evil, and the Existence of God
    Philosophical Books 42 (2): 158-160. 2001.
  •  61
    Explaining God Away?
    In Science and Religion in Dialogue, Wiley-blackwell. pp. 514--526. 2010.
    This chapter contains sections titled: * The Cognitive Psychology of Religion * Evolutionary Explanations of Religious Belief * Explaining God Away * Critique * Conclusion * Notes * Bibliography
  •  55
    The explanatory power of theism
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 25 (3). 1989.
  •  133
    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * The Cognitive Science of Religion * The Internal Witness: The Sensus Divinitatis * Reformed Epistemology * Reformed Epistemology and Cognitive Science * Obstinacy in Belief * The External Witness: The Order of the Cosmos * The External Witness and the Cognitive Science of Religion * Conclusion * Notes * Bibliography
  •  39
    Joel B. Green and Stuart L. Palmer: In Search of the Soul (review)
    Faith and Philosophy 24 (3): 346-350. 2007.
  •  35
    The gods of Abraham, Isaiah, and Confucius
    Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 5 (1): 109-136. 2005.
  •  111
    Perils of Pluralism
    Faith and Philosophy 14 (3): 303-320. 1997.
    Two pressures toward religious pluralism are the variety of religious traditions which seem equally successful in the transformation of human lives and that apparently sincere and equally capable truth-seekers reach divergent conclusions about the nature of ultimate reality. I discuss Hick’s Kantian explanation of these phenomena. I argue that his account is: neither the only nor the best account; furthermore that more reasonable accounts allow for the members of competing traditions to affirm t…Read more
  •  178
    Medieval views of both divine goodness and the doctrine of hell are examined and shown to be incompatible with our best understandings of goodness. The only manner in which God could be good to those in hell – by permitting their continued existence – is not sufficient to outweigh ‘the dreadful pains of eternal fire’. One might claim that God is good to them in the retributive sense; but I argue that retributive punishment is inadequate justification of eternal torment. The medieval notions of g…Read more
  •  98
    Trinity or Tritheism?
    Religious Studies 32 (4). 1996.
    The focus of this paper is the social trinitarian account in Richard Swinburne's "The Christian God." After setting out the route Swinburne follows in reaching his conclusions about the Godhead, I endeavour to show two things: (i) that his account does not avoid the charge of tritheism and thus is not faithful to key elements in the Christian creeds; (ii) the philosophical moves behind his conclusions are not compelling if, as we can, we challenge his assumptions about divine necessity. A better…Read more
  •  22
  •  181
    Knowledge and the Objection to Religious Belief from Cognitive Science
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 3 (1). 2011.
    A large chorus of voices has grown around the claim that theistic belief is epistemically suspect since, as some cognitive scientists have hypothesized, such beliefs are a byproduct of cognitive mechanisms which evolved for rather different adaptive purposes. This paper begins with an overview of the pertinent cognitive science followed by a short discussion of some relevant epistemic concepts. Working from within a largely Williamsonian framework, we then present two different ways in which thi…Read more
  •  23
    Evil and Christian Belief
    International Philosophical Quarterly 29 (2): 175-189. 1989.