•  182
    Knowledge and the Objection to Religious Belief from Cognitive Science
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 3 (1). 2011.
    A large chorus of voices has grown around the claim that theistic belief is epistemically suspect since, as some cognitive scientists have hypothesized, such beliefs are a byproduct of cognitive mechanisms which evolved for rather different adaptive purposes. This paper begins with an overview of the pertinent cognitive science followed by a short discussion of some relevant epistemic concepts. Working from within a largely Williamsonian framework, we then present two different ways in which thi…Read more
  •  178
    Medieval views of both divine goodness and the doctrine of hell are examined and shown to be incompatible with our best understandings of goodness. The only manner in which God could be good to those in hell – by permitting their continued existence – is not sufficient to outweigh ‘the dreadful pains of eternal fire’. One might claim that God is good to them in the retributive sense; but I argue that retributive punishment is inadequate justification of eternal torment. The medieval notions of g…Read more
  •  133
    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * The Cognitive Science of Religion * The Internal Witness: The Sensus Divinitatis * Reformed Epistemology * Reformed Epistemology and Cognitive Science * Obstinacy in Belief * The External Witness: The Order of the Cosmos * The External Witness and the Cognitive Science of Religion * Conclusion * Notes * Bibliography
  •  111
    Perils of Pluralism
    Faith and Philosophy 14 (3): 303-320. 1997.
    Two pressures toward religious pluralism are the variety of religious traditions which seem equally successful in the transformation of human lives and that apparently sincere and equally capable truth-seekers reach divergent conclusions about the nature of ultimate reality. I discuss Hick’s Kantian explanation of these phenomena. I argue that his account is: neither the only nor the best account; furthermore that more reasonable accounts allow for the members of competing traditions to affirm t…Read more
  •  110
    Religious epistemology
    Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2004.
  •  107
    Well-being and death * by Ben Bradley
    Analysis 70 (3): 592-593. 2010.
    (No abstract is available for this citation)
  •  98
    Trinity or Tritheism?
    Religious Studies 32 (4). 1996.
    The focus of this paper is the social trinitarian account in Richard Swinburne's "The Christian God." After setting out the route Swinburne follows in reaching his conclusions about the Godhead, I endeavour to show two things: (i) that his account does not avoid the charge of tritheism and thus is not faithful to key elements in the Christian creeds; (ii) the philosophical moves behind his conclusions are not compelling if, as we can, we challenge his assumptions about divine necessity. A better…Read more
  •  74
    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * The Demand for Evidence * Belief Begins with Trust * Reid on Human Cognitive Faculties * Reid and Rationality * The God Faculty * Reason and Belief in God * Conclusion * Notes * Bibliography
  •  67
    Atheism and Inferential Bias
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (2): 43-56. 2017.
    While the cognitive science of religion is well-trodden ground, atheism has been considerably less scrutinized. Recent psychological studies associate atheism with an intellectual virtue, inferentiality. Theism, on the other hand, is associated with an intellectual “vice”, intuitive thinking. While atheism is allied with the attendant claim that atheism is the result of careful rational assessment of the relevant evidence, theism is considered the result of a lack of reflection on the relevant e…Read more
  •  66
    Evidence and Religious Belief (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 2011.
    Evidence and Religious Belief contains eleven chapters by prominent philosophers which push the discussion in new directions. The volume has three parts.
  •  61
    Explaining God Away?
    In Science and Religion in Dialogue, Wiley-blackwell. pp. 514--526. 2010.
    This chapter contains sections titled: * The Cognitive Psychology of Religion * Evolutionary Explanations of Religious Belief * Explaining God Away * Critique * Conclusion * Notes * Bibliography
  •  55
    The explanatory power of theism
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 25 (3). 1989.
  •  40
    I Believe in God the Father, Almighty
    International Philosophical Quarterly 35 (1): 59-69. 1995.
    The theist affirms God's paternal care and his unsurpassable ability. If God is Father, he is obliged to prevent harms in a manner similar to earthly fathers; but he has not. This essay refutes the claim that God has obligations closely analogous to those of earthly parents. The essay is a conceptual analysis of what the father/ child relationship entails with respect to moral obligations and permissions. The dissimilarities between the divine and human parent create differences in obligation so…Read more
  •  39
    Joel B. Green and Stuart L. Palmer: In Search of the Soul (review)
    Faith and Philosophy 24 (3): 346-350. 2007.
  •  35
    The gods of Abraham, Isaiah, and Confucius
    Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 5 (1): 109-136. 2005.
  •  29
    Faith and Narrative
    Faith and Philosophy 21 (3): 406-410. 2004.
  •  28
    Evidence and Religious Belief (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 2011.
    A fundamental question in philosophy of religion is whether religious belief must be based on evidence in order to be properly held. In recent years two prominent positions on this issue have been staked out: evidentialism, which claims that proper religious belief requires evidence; and Reformed epistemology, which claims that it does not. Evidence and Religious Belief contains eleven chapters by prominent philosophers which push the discussion in new directions. The volume has three parts. The…Read more
  •  23
    Evil and Christian Belief
    International Philosophical Quarterly 29 (2): 175-189. 1989.
  •  22
  •  20
    Risen Indeed
    Faith and Philosophy 12 (2): 294-298. 1995.
  •  17
    Three kinds of confucian scholarship
    Journal of Chinese Philosophy 33 (s1): 109-134. 2006.
  •  7
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (3): 17-30. 2017.
    In Branden Thornhill-Miller and Peter Millican’s challenging and provocative essay, we hear a considerably longer, more scholarly and less melodic rendition of John Lennon’s catchy tune—without religion, or at least without first-order supernaturalisms, there’d be significantly less intra-group violence. First-order supernaturalist beliefs, as defined by Thornhill-Miller and Peter Millican, are “beliefs that claim unique authority for some particular religious tradition in preference to all othe…Read more
  •  2
    Return to Reason
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 33 (1): 63-64. 1990.
  •  1
    Risen Indeed: Making Sense of the Resurrection (review)
    Faith and Philosophy 12 (2): 294-298. 1995.
  • Blackwell Companion to Naturalism (edited book)
    . 2016.
  • (edited book)
    Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1992.