• Nanjing Normal University
    School Of Chinese Literature And Culture
  • Nanjing Normal University
    Department Of Philosophy
    Professor (Part-time)
Fudan University
School of Philosophy
PhD, 2000
Areas of Specialization
Asian Philosophy
Value Theory
  •  2775
    Confucianism has a deep influence on the opinion of value priority in traditional Chinese culture, which consider the value of morality prior to that of utility; the value of moral merit prior to that of intelligent; the value of group prior to that of individuals; the value of peace and safety prior to that of freedom and liberty; the value of harmony prior to that of conflict. This kind of value priority has performed very important and positive functions in Chinese culture, along with certain…Read more
  •  2218
    A Different Type of Individualism in Zhuangzi
    Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (4): 445-462. 2011.
    Although being widely considered as only a Western tradition, individualism is not absent in traditional Chinese philosophy and culture. In some of the classic Chinese philosophic works such as Zhuangzi, we can clearly identify some elements which can be appropriately attributed to “individualism”, such as the awareness of individual “self” as an independent and unique existence, advocating individual freedom and liberty, emphasizing on the value and dignity of individual life, favoring individu…Read more
  •  2137
    Hui Shi (370-310B.C.E.?) is a unique one among the pre-Qin scholars. The object and orientation of his scholarship emphasized on “chasing after the materials” or the research for objective knowledge of natural things. He shows a tendency of tolerating and advocating diversity and variety, and intentionally pursuing new and unusual ideas. In certain degree he judges the value of knowledge by its truthfulness rather than its usefulness. As pointed out by Wing-tsit Chan, Hui shi represents a “tende…Read more
  •  1237
    The subtle and complex relation between Confucianism and modern democracy has long been a controversial issue, and it is now again becoming a topical issue in the process of political modernization in contemporary China. This paper argues that there are some quite basic early Confucian values and principles that are not only compatible with democracy, but also may become the theoretic foundation of modern democracy in China. Early Confucianism considers 'the people's will' as the direct represen…Read more
  •  1009
    The important feature of Dao as a philosophic category in early Confucian philosophy is its prominent practical and historical properties, which make it different from those western metaphysic categories. Confucianism emphasizes that the Dao can not be separated with the practice and the history of human being, thus the Tao should be explored in peoples’ social activities and history. They believe that the Tao only lives in the historical tradition and can only be demonstrated by the narrative o…Read more
  •  925
    先秦儒家关于“欲”的理论 (Pre-Qin Confucian Theory on Human Desires)
    中州学刊 (Academic Journal of Zhongzhou) 2006 (1): 166-170. 2006.
    The theory about human desire is one important component in early Confucian theory of humanity. It is worth our attention that Pre-Qin Confucians never put human desire at the absolute opposite position to the Heavenly Principle, as their successors do. Contrarily, they generally believe that the desire is the inseparable property of normal human nature, and making efforts to satisfy the human desire is reasonable. Only in terms of reducing the conflicts between human desire and the limited reso…Read more
  •  824
    In the Pre-Qin time, pursuing “Dao” was the main task in the scholarship of most of the ancient Chinese philosophers, while the Ancient Greek philosophers considered pursuing “Truth” as their ultimate goal. While the “Dao” in ancient Chinese texts and the “Truth” in ancient Greek philosophic literature do share or cross-cover certain connotations, there are subtle and important differences between the two comparable philosophic concepts. These differences have deep and profound impact on the lat…Read more
  •  703
    The Abdication of King Kuai of Yan and the Issue of Political Legitimacy in the Warring States Period
    Journal of School of Chinese Language and Culture 2008 (3). 2008.
    The event that King Kuai of Yan demised the crown to his premier Zizhi, is a tentative way of political power transmission happened in the social transforming Warring States Period, which was influenced by the popular theory of Yao and Shun’s demise of that time. However, this tentative was obviously a failure, coming under attacks from all Confucian, Taoist and Legalist scholars. We may understand the development of the thinking concerning the issue of political legitimacy during the Warring St…Read more
  •  668
    The thorny problem, which we are confronted with in translating the term of “Sein”(Being) from western Philosophy into Chinese, highlights the ambiguity, paradoxy and vagueness of the issue of Sein from a specific viewpoint. Although there is no exact equivalent in Chinese for the word of “Sein”, we use several different words to express the meanings consisted in the issue of “Sein”. By comparison we may find that what is discussed by Zhuang Zi using the terms of “Shi” and “Fei” are just in a co…Read more
  •  667
    中国哲学史(The History of Chinese Philosophy) 2000 (4): 66-72. 2000.
  •  607
    Jounal of Nanjing Normal University 2007 (5): 29-33. 2007.
    The fundamental task of philosophy is to seek for “Shi” or “Being”. One of the features of Chinese Philosophy is that it seeks “Shi是(Bing)” through“shi实(fact)”, “shi事(event)”, “shi史(history)”, “shi时(time)”, “shi势(trend)”, which constituted the general context of understanding and hermeneutic of “Shi(Bing)”in Chinese philosophy. This also represents the practical, humanistic and dialectic features of Chinese philosophy.
  •  380
    Netherworld Marriage in Ancient China: Its Historical Evolution and Ideological Background
    with Chunjun Gu
    Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 13 (38): 78-109. 2014.
    The netherworld marriage or the wedding for dead persons is a folk religious ritual in ancientChina. It is based on ancient Chinese folk belief of afterlife in the netherworld. Through a textual research and investigation based on relevant historical records and other ancient documents, as well as some archeological discoveries, this paper tries to give a brief account of the origin and development of netherworld marriage and its cultural and ideological background in ancient China. It finds tha…Read more
  •  43
    A Different Type of Individualism in Zhuangzi
    Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (4): 445-462. 2011.
    Individualism is not only a Western tradition. In the Zhuangzi we can also identify some elements which may be appropriately attributed to “individualism.” However, due to its particular cultural and philosophical background, Zhuangzian individualism has unique characteristics, which distinguish it from the variety of other individualist thoughts that have emerged in the West. Zhuangzi has a dynamic and open view on individual “self,” considering individuals as changing and unique beings rather …Read more
  •  39
  •  30
    A Synthetic Comprehension of the Way of Zhong in Early Confucian Philosophy
    Frontiers of Philosophy in China 7 (3): 422-438. 2012.
    Zhong 中 is a very important philosophical concept in early Confucianism. Both the received ancient Confucian classics and the newly discovered ancient bamboo manuscripts tell us that adhering to the principle of zhong was an important charge that had been transmitted and inherited by early ancient Chinese political leaders from generation to generation. Confucius and his followers adopted the concept of zhong and further developed it into a sophisticated doctrine, which is usually called zhongda…Read more
  •  29
    Ren Xing: Mencian’s Understanding of Human Being and Human Becoming
    Dialogue and Universalism 25 (2): 29-39. 2015.
    “Ren xing shan”, or “Human nature is good”, is a famous thesis of Mencius. But it is questionable whether the Mencian concept of “ren xing” is an exact equivalent of the western concept of “human nature”, and whether Mencius really thinks that all human beings are naturally moral. This paper suggests that when talking about “ren xing”, Mencius actually refers to both human being and human becoming. “Ren xing” may have a root in the nature of human being, which is a “mandate” endowed by “Heaven”.…Read more
  •  25
    The essence of traditional Chinese Confucian philosophy can be termed “Zhongdaology”; it searches for the appropriate degree of zhong which is a standard guiding people’s actions. The Chinese pictographic character “zhong” has multiple meanings, including centrality, middle, appropriate, fit, just, fair, impartial, upright, etc. In early Confucianism, it has been developed into an important concept with profound philosophical connotations; it includes a combination of subjective and objective vi…Read more
  •  24
    Confucianism: the Question of Its Religiousness and Its Role in Constructing Chinese Secular Ideology
    with Guoming Wang
    Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 17 (50): 79-95. 2018.
    Whether Confucianism is a religion or not has been a controversial issue for many years. Recently, along with the “national revitalization” movement in China, Confucianism has been valued and advocated again in China at both official and civil levels. This trend sometimes has been perceived by some observers as a kind of religious revival movement. This paper analysis some key components in the thought of Confucius, such as his idea and attitude towards “Gods”, “Tian” and other divine or superna…Read more
  •  19
    论荀子的“中道”哲学(On Xunzi's Philosophy of the Way of Zhong)
    中国哲学史 ( History of Chinese Philosophy). 2011.
  •  4
    Zhongdaology: A Confucian Way of Philosophical Thinking and Moral Life
    Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 9 89-96. 2018.
    Due to the differences of languages, “ontology” in its original Western sense has not been conceptualized in ancient China. The most prominent and unique feature of Confucian philosophy in early ancient China is “Zhongdaology” instead of “ontology”. Zhongdaology is the philosophical inquiring for the way of “Zhong”, which is based on all the primordially related semantic meanings embodied in the Chinese character “zhong”. Zhongdaological philosophy indicates an association between human beings a…Read more
  •  1
    Xun Zi: The Ideal of A Well Governed Society(荀子:治世的理想)
    Shanghai Classic Books Publishing(上海古籍出版社). 2009.
  • Due to the differences of languages, “ontology” in its original Western sense had not been conceptualized in ancient China. The most prominent and unique feature of Confucian philosophy in early ancient China is “Zhongtaology” instead of “ontology”. Zhongtaology is the philosophical inquiring for the way of “Zhong”, which is based on all the primordially related semantic meanings embodied in the Chinese character “zhong”. Zhongtaological philosophy indicates an association between human beings a…Read more
  • 论庄子哲学中的“真”
    南京大学学报(哲学.人文科学.社会科学版) , Journal of Nalnjing University(Philosophy, Humanities and Social Sciences). 2002.