•  302
    Disability, Ableism, and Social Epistemology
    In Jennifer Lackey & Aidan McGlynn (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Social Epistemology, Oxford University Press. forthcoming.
    This chapter canvases a number of ways that issues surrounding disability intersect with social epistemology, particularly how dominate norms concerning communication and ability can epistemically disadvantage some disabled individuals. We begin with a discussion of how social epistemology as a field and debates concerning epistemic injustice in particular fail to take the problem of ableism seriously. In section two, we analyze the concept of an individual’s “knowledge capacity,” arguing that i…Read more
  •  4
    Public Policy and the Administrative Evil of Special Education
    In David Boonin, Katrina L. Sifferd, Tyler K. Fagan, Valerie Gray Hardcastle, Michael Huemer, Daniel Wodak, Derk Pereboom, Stephen J. Morse, Sarah Tyson, Mark Zelcer, Garrett VanPelt, Devin Casey, Philip E. Devine, David K. Chan, Maarten Boudry, Christopher Freiman, Hrishikesh Joshi, Shelley Wilcox, Jason Brennan, Eric Wiland, Ryan Muldoon, Mark Alfano, Philip Robichaud, Kevin Timpe, David Livingstone Smith, Francis J. Beckwith, Dan Hooley, Russell Blackford, John Corvino, Corey McCall, Dan Demetriou, Ajume Wingo, Michael Shermer, Ole Martin Moen, Aksel Braanen Sterri, Teresa Blankmeyer Burke, Jeppe von Platz, John Thrasher, Mary Hawkesworth, William MacAskill, Daniel Halliday, Janine O’Flynn, Yoaav Isaacs, Jason Iuliano, Claire Pickard, Arvin M. Gouw, Tina Rulli, Justin Caouette, Allen Habib, Brian D. Earp, Andrew Vierra, Subrena E. Smith, Danielle M. Wenner, Lisa Diependaele, Sigrid Sterckx, G. Owen Schaefer, Markus K. Labude, Harisan Unais Nasir, Udo Schuklenk, Benjamin Zolf & Woolwine (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophy and Public Policy, Springer Verlag. pp. 249-262. 2018.
    This chapter examines public policy as it applies to public education for students with disabilities in the United States. Public policy with respect to ‘special education’ has made important strides in the past half century and is not unjust in the explicit ways that it used to be. However, current US public special education policy is still unjust insofar as it is an instance of what Guy Adams and Danny Balfour call ‘administrative evil.’ Addressing this administrative evil will require both p…Read more
  •  91
    Moral Ecology, Disabilities, and Human Agency
    Res Philosophica 96 (1): 17-41. 2019.
    This paper argues that human agency is not simply a function of intrinsic properties about the agent, but that agency instead depends on the ecology that the agent is in. In particular, the paper examines ways that disabilities affect agency and shows how, by paying deliberate attention to structuring the social environment around people with disabilities, we can mitigate some of the agential impact of those disabilities. The paper then argues that the impact of one’s social environment on agenc…Read more
  •  7
    Can God Be Free?
    with Shannon Murphy
    Philosophia Christi 8 (2): 497-501. 2006.
  •  18
    ‘Upright, Whole, and Free’: Eschatological Union with God
    TheoLogica: An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology 2 (2). 2018.
  •  76
    Stewart Goetz. Freedom, Teleology and Evil . Continuum, 2008
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 3 (2): 460--465. 2011.
  •  53
    Virtues and Their Vices (edited book)
    with Boyd Craig
    Oxford University Press. 2013.
    A comprehensive philosophical treatment of the virtues and their competing vices. The first four sections focus on historical classes of virtue: the cardinal virtues, the capital vices and the corrective virtues, intellectual virtues, and the theological virtues. A final section discusses the role of virtue theory in a number of disciplines
  •  83
    Demotivating Semicompatibilism
    Ideas Y Valores 58 (141): 5-20. 2009.
    In this paper, I explore some of the motivations behind John Martin Fischer's semi-compatibilism. Particularly, I look at three reasons Fischer gives for preferring semi-compatibilism to libertarianism. I argue that the first two of these motivations are in tension with each other: the more one is moved by the first motivation, the less one can appeal to the second, and vice versa. I then argue that Fischer's third motivation ought not move anyone to prefer Fischer's semi-compatibilist picture t…Read more
  •  14
    Review of The Minority Body (review)
    Marginalia. 2018-1-05.
  • Free Will: Alternatives and Sources
    In Ryan Nichols, Fred Miller & Nicholas Smith (eds.), Philosophy Through Science Fiction, Routledge. pp. 397-408. 2008.
  •  1
    Normative Ethics
    In Fritz Allhoff, Ron Mallon & Shaun Nichols (eds.), Philosophy: Traditional and Experimental Readings, Oxford University Press. pp. 495-505. 2012.
  • Religious Belief
    In Fritz Allhoff, Ron Mallon & Shaun Nichols (eds.), Philosophy: Traditional and Experimental Readings, Oxford University Press. pp. 3-12. 2012.
  •  3
    The Arbitrariness of the Primal Sin
    In Jonathan L. Kvanvig (ed.), Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion, Oxford University Press. pp. 234-257. 2013.
    Considerations of the primal sin show that both voluntarist and intellectual accounts involve an unresolved arbitrariness at the heart of their accounts of free agency. This suggests that, at least for theists, intellectualism is no better than voluntarism in this respect and that, on the assumption that such a sin happened, voluntarist accounts are not as problematic as many believe them to be. The paper proceeds as follows. In the first section, I explain what is meant by 'primal sin' and why …Read more
  • Introduction to Virtues and Their Vices
    with Craig Boyd
    In Kevin Timpe & Craig Boyd (eds.), Virtues and Their Vices, Oxford University Press. pp. 1-34. 2014.
  •  1
    David Foster Wallace described the point of his “This Is Water” commencement address’s fish parable as "merely that the most obvious, important realities are often the ones that are hardest to see and talk about.” In the following pages I take this theme as my focus. More specifically, I apply this theme to the issue of self-deception and argue that self-deception is often one of the most important issues we face, even if it’s among the hardest to see. Furthermore, while I think these lessons a…Read more
  • Trust, Silence, and Liturgical Acts
    In Trent Dougherty & Justin McBrayer (eds.), Skeptical Theism: New Essays, Oxford University Press. pp. 264-275. 2014.
  •  1
    Free Will and the Stages of Theological Anthropology
    with Audra Jenson
    In Joshua Farris & Charles Champe Taliaferro (eds.), Assignee Research Companion to Theological Anthropology, Ashgate. pp. 233-244. 2015.
    The basic idea of the article is to explain how free will relates to the progression from the status integritatis to the status corruptionis to the status gratiae to the status gloriae, contrasting libertarian and compatibilist views. We argue that either account can give an account of these stages (even though it might seem that compatibilist views would have it easier).
  • As pop naturalists tell it, free will is incompatible with naturalism. And apparently many scientists agree. Philosopher Daniel Dennett reports, for example, that he has “learned from discussions with a variety of scientists…[that] free will, in their view, is obviously incompatible with naturalism, with determinism, and very likely incoherent against any background, so they cheerfully insist that of course they don’t have free will” (2013, 47). Many philosophers, however, disagree (e.g., Mele 2…Read more
  •  1
    God's Freedom, God's Character
    In Kevin Timpe & Daniel Speak (eds.), Free Will and Theism: Connections, Contingencies, and Concerns, Oxford University Press. pp. 277-293. 2016.
    My goal in this chapter is to consider the connection between an agent’s moral character and those actions that she is capable of freely performing. Most of these connections hold for all moral agents, but my particular focus will be on the specific case of divine agency. That is, I’m primarily interested in the connection between God’s moral character and His exercise of His free agency. As I will argue, even if an agent’s character determines her choices or actions, that doesn’t threaten the a…Read more
  •  4
    Introduction to Free Will and Theism
    with Daniel Speak
    In Kevin Timpe & Daniel Speak (eds.), Free Will and Theism: Connections, Contingencies, and Concerns, Oxford University Press. pp. 1-26. 2016.
    Concerns both about the nature of free will and about the credibility of theistic belief and commitment have long preoccupied philosophers. This is just to make the obvious point that philosophical questions about whether we enjoy free will and about whether God exists are truly perennial. In addition, there can be no denying that the history of philosophical inquiry into these two questions has been dynamic and, at least to some degree, integrated. In a great many cases, classical answers to th…Read more
  • Leeway vs. Sourcehood Conceptions of Free Will
    In Kevin Timpe, Meghan Griffith & Neil Levy (eds.), Routledge Companion to Free Will., Routledge. pp. 213-224. 2016.
    One reason that many of the philosophical debates about free will might seem intractable is that dierent participants in those debates use various terms in ways that not only don't line up, but might even contradict each other. For instance, it is widely accepted to understand libertarianism as\the conjunction of incompatibilism [the thesis that free will is incompatible with the truth of determinism] and the thesis that we have free will" (van Inwagen (1983), 13f; see also Kane (2001), 17; Pere…Read more
  • A number of scholars have claimed that, on the assumption of incompati- bilism, there is a con ict between God's freedom and God's essential moral perfection. Jesse Couenhoven is one such example; Couenhoven, a com- patibilist, thinks that libertarian views of divine freedom are problematic given God's essential moral perfection. He writes, \libertarian accounts of God's freedom quickly run into a conceptual problem: their focus on con- tingent choices undermines their ability to celebrate divin…Read more