SUNY Upstate Medical University
  •  2705
    Chimpanzee Rights: The Philosophers' Brief
    with Kristin Andrews, Gary Comstock, G. K. D. Crozier, Sue Donaldson, Andrew Fenton, Tyler John, Robert Jones, Will Kymlicka, Letitia Meynell, Nathan Nobis, David M. Pena-Guzman, and Jeff Sebo
    Routledge. 2018.
    In December 2013, the Nonhuman Rights Project (NhRP) filed a petition for a common law writ of habeas corpus in the New York State Supreme Court on behalf of Tommy, a chimpanzee living alone in a cage in a shed in rural New York (Barlow, 2017). Under animal welfare laws, Tommy’s owners, the Laverys, were doing nothing illegal by keeping him in those conditions. Nonetheless, the NhRP argued that given the cognitive, social, and emotional capacities of chimpanzees, Tommy’s confinement constituted …Read more
  •  537
    The Philosophers' Brief on Chimpanzee Personhood
    Proposed Brief by Amici Curiae Philosophers in Support of the Petitioner-Appelllant Court of Appeals, State of New York,. 2018.
    In this brief, we argue that there is a diversity of ways in which humans (Homo sapiens) are ‘persons’ and there are no non-arbitrary conceptions of ‘personhood’ that can include all humans and exclude all nonhuman animals. To do so we describe and assess the four most prominent conceptions of ‘personhood’ that can be found in the rulings concerning Kiko and Tommy, with particular focus on the most recent decision, Nonhuman Rights Project, Inc v Lavery.
  •  103
    A pressing issue in neuroscience is the high rate of misdiagnosis of disorders of consciousness. As new research on patients with disorders of consciousness has revealed surprising and previously unknown cognitive capacities, the need to develop better and more reliable methods of diagnosing these disorders becomes more urgent. So too the need to expand our ethical and social frameworks for thinking about these patients, to accommodate new concerns that will accompany new revelations. A recent s…Read more
  •  60
    The Impact of American Tackle Football-Related Concussion in Youth Athletes
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (4): 48-59. 2011.
    Postmortem research on the brains of American tackle football players has revealed the presence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a degenerative brain disease caused by repeated head trauma. Repeated concussion is a risk factor for CTE, raising ethical concerns about the long-term effects of concussion on athletes at risk for football-related concussion. Of equal concern is that youth athletes are at increased risk for lasting neurocognitive and developmental deficits that can result in…Read more
  •  41
    Since its inception in 1968, the concept of whole-brain death has been contentious, and four decades on, controversy concerning the validity and coherence of whole-brain death continues unabated. Although whole-brain death is legally recognized and medically entrenched in the United States and elsewhere, there is reasonable disagreement among physicians, philosophers, and the public concerning whether brain death is really equivalent to death as it has been traditionally understood. A handful of…Read more
  •  40
    Sport-related neurotrauma annually affects millions of athletes worldwide. The return-to-play protocol is the dominant strategy adopted by sports leagues and organizations to manage one type of sport-related neurotrauma: concussions. RTPs establish guidelines for when athletes with concussions are to be removed from competition or practice, and when they can return. RTPs are intended to be neuroprotective, and to protect athletes from some of the harms of sport-related concussions, but there is …Read more
  •  34
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 10, Page 9-10, October 2011
  •  33
    There is ongoing ethical and legal debate about withdrawing life sup- port for patients with disorders of consciousness (DOCs). Frequently fu- eling the debate are implicit assumptions about the value of life in a state of impaired consciousness, and persistent uncertainty about the quality of life (QoL) of these persons. Yet there are no validated methods for assessing QoL in this population, and a significant obstacle to doing so is their inability to communicate. Recent neuroscientific discov…Read more
  •  26
    Framing the Debate: Concussion and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
    with Brad Partridge and Frédéric Gilbert
    Neuroethics 8 (1): 1-4. 2015.
    Concussion and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury affect millions of people worldwide. mTBI has been called the “signature injury” of the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, affecting thousands of active duty service men and women, and veterans. Sport-related concussion represents a significant public health problem, with elite and professional athletes, and millions of youth and amateur athletes worldwide suffering concussions annually. These brain injuries have received scant attention from neu…Read more
  •  15
  •  15
    Known Unknowns: Diagnosis and Prognosis in Disorders of Consciousness
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (3): 145-146. 2017.
  •  13
    The Sources of Uncertainty in Disorders of Consciousness
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (2): 76-82. 2018.
  •  13
    A Belmont Report for Animals?—Erratum
    with Hope Ferdowsian, Jane Johnson, Andrew Fenton, Adam Shriver, and John Gluck
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (1): 19-37. 2020.
    :Human and animal research both operate within established standards. In the United States, criticism of the human research environment and recorded abuses of human research subjects served as the impetus for the establishment of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, and the resulting Belmont Report. The Belmont Report established key ethical principles to which human research should adhere: respect for autonomy, obligations to benefi…Read more
  •  11
    A Belmont Report for Animals?—Erratum
    with Hope Ferdowsian, Jane Johnson, Andrew Fenton, Adam Shriver, and John Gluck
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (1): 163-163. 2020.
    :Human and animal research both operate within established standards. In the United States, criticism of the human research environment and recorded abuses of human research subjects served as the impetus for the establishment of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, and the resulting Belmont Report. The Belmont Report established key ethical principles to which human research should adhere: respect for autonomy, obligations to benefi…Read more
  •  9
    The phenomenon whereby severely disabled persons self-report a higher than expected level of subjective well-being is called the “disability paradox.” One explanation for the paradox among brain injury survivors is “response shift,” an adjustment of one’s values, expectations, and perspective in the aftermath of a life-altering, disabling injury. The high level of subjective well-being appears paradoxical when viewed from the perspective of the non-disabled, who presume that those with severe di…Read more
  •  9
    Neuroethics of the Nonhuman
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (3): 111-113. 2019.
  •  8
    Inference and Inductive Risk in Disorders of Consciousness
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (1): 35-43. 2016.
  •  7
    The minimally conscious state presents unique ethical, legal, and decision-making challenges because of the combination of diminished awareness, phenomenal experience, and diminished or absent comm...
  •  6
    The Road Not Mapped: The Neuroethics Roadmap on Research with Nonhuman Primates
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 11 (3): 176-183. 2020.
  •  6
    What Lies Ahead for Neuroethics Scholarship and Education in Light of the Human Brain Projects?
    with Karen S. Rommelfanger
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (1): 1-3. 2015.
  •  6
    Restoring Trust and Requiring Consent in Death by Neurological Criteria
    American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6): 33-35. 2020.
    Volume 20, Issue 6, June 2020, Page 33-35.
  •  5
    Concussion and youth hockey: It’s time to break the cycle.
    Canadian Medical Association Journal (183): 921-924. 2011.
  •  2
    The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics (edited book)
    with Karen S. Rommelfanger
    Routledge. 2017.
    _The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics_ offers the reader an informed view of how the brain sciences are being used to approach, understand, and reinvigorate traditional philosophical questions, as well as how those questions, with the grounding influence of neuroscience, are being revisited beyond clinical and research domains. It also examines how contemporary neuroscience research might ultimately impact our understanding of relationships, flourishing, and human nature. The _Handbook_ feature…Read more
  • The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics (edited book)
    Routledge. 2017.
    _The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics_ offers the reader an informed view of how the brain sciences are being used to approach, understand, and reinvigorate traditional philosophical questions, as well as how those questions, with the grounding influence of neuroscience, are being revisited beyond clinical and research domains. It also examines how contemporary neuroscience research might ultimately impact our understanding of relationships, flourishing, and human nature. The _Handbook_ feature…Read more