• The Nonindividuation Argument against Zygotic Personhood
    Philosophy 81 (317): 463-503. 2006.
  •  11
    The Morality of Embryo Use (review)
    Analysis 69 (4): 787-789. 2009.
    It is becoming increasingly apparent that human embryo research has the very real potential to generate significant humanitarian benefits. Equally, it is clear that the destruction of embryos that such research inevitably involves is highly controversial within societies such as ours, where many hold either that from the moment of conception the embryo is morally considerable or that as a member of the human species it should not be treated as a mere means. How might we balance the potential hum…Read more
  •  39
    The nonindividuation argument against zygotic personhood
    Philosophy 81 (3): 463-504. 2006.
    I consider the argument, thought to clinch the moral case for use of a human embryo solely as a means, that only a human individual can be a person, because it can happen at any time before formation of the primitive streak that an embryo splits into monozygotic twins, no embryo in which the primitive streak has not formed is a human individual, and therefore no embryo in which the primitive streak has not formed is a person. I explore the following proffered arguments for : indivisibility is a …Read more
  •  45
    Dialogue Concerning Natural Appropriation
    Synthese 136 (3): 321-336. 2003.
    Two utilitarian defenses, traceable to Bentham and Mill, are commonly offered for patents. It is contended that patents induce innovation, and that patents induce disclosure of innovation. Patents on some or all of the human genome pose particular challenges for these defenses. In the first instance, patents on nucleotide sequences entail the perverse notion of human reproduction qua infringement. In the second place, when such patents are available, the two defenses involve a counterfactual cla…Read more
  •  34
    Norms for patents concerning human and other life forms
    Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (3). 1996.
    The rationale of patents on transgenic organisms leads to the startling notion of the human qua infringement. The moral reasons by which we may tenably reject such notion are not conclusive as to human life forms outside the body. A close look at recombinant DNA experimentation reveals ingenious processes, but not entities that the body lacks. Except for artificial genes, the genes of biotechnology are found on chromosomes, albeit nonconsecutively, and their uninterrupted transcripts appear in m…Read more
  •  50
    The Set Theoretic Ambit Of Arrow's Theorem
    Synthese 126 (3): 443-472. 2001.
    Set theoretic formulation of Arrow's theorem, viewed in light of a taxonomy of transitive relations, serves to unmask the theorem's understated generality. Under the impress of the independence of irrelevant alternatives, the antipode of ceteris paribus reasoning, a purported compiler function either breaches some other rationality premise or produces the "effet Condorcet". Types of cycles, each the seeming handiwork of a virtual voter disdaining transitivity, are rigorously defined. Arrow's the…Read more
  •  27
    Distributive Justice in Competitive Access to Intercollegiate Athletic Teams Segregated by Sex
    Studies in Philosophy and Education 16 (4): 347-372. 1997.
    A theory of justice for the basic structure of society may constrain though not directly govern colleges. The principle of "equal opportunity" commonly applied to jobs either does or does not apply to varsity opportunities. If it applies, it interdicts sex discrimination but, one fallacious argument notwithstanding, it states no obligation to expend resources on new teams. If it does not apply, an analogue of Rawls's difference principle may appropriately constrain inequalities between the sexes…Read more
  •  18
    Scientific reasoning and due process
    with Bernard D. Davis
    Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (1): 47-54. 1996.
    Recent public hearings on misconduct charges belie the conjecture that due process will perforce defeat informed scientific reasoning. One notable case that reviewed an obtuse description of experimental methods displays some of the subtleties of differentiating carelessness from intent to deceive. There the decision of a studious nonscientist panel managed to reach sensible conclusions despite conflicting expert testimony. The significance of such a result may be to suggest that to curtail due …Read more
  •  28
    Introduction
    Synthese 145 (2): 165-168. 2005.
  •  7
    Erratum
    Philosophy 82 (319). 2007.
  •  80
    The Morality of Embryo Use
    Cambridge University Press. 2008.
    Is it permissible to use a human embryo in stem cell research, or in general as a means for benefit of others? Acknowledging each embryo as an object of moral concern, Louis M.Guenin argues that it is morally permissible to decline intrauterine transfer of an embryo formed outside the body, and that from this permission and the duty of beneficence, there follows a consensus justification for using donated embryos in service of humanitarian ends. He then proceeds to show how this justification co…Read more
  •  13
    Alternative Dispute Resolution and Research Misconduct
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (1): 72-77. 1997.
    “Any bad settlement,” the wise patent litigator Elmer S. Albritton once observed, “is better than a good lawsuit.” Given the notorious strain of court proceedings and the recognition that settlement does not always prove attainable, a popular movement has recently arisen in favor of “alternative dispute resolution” . Indeed it has seemed to many who have participated as committee members, witnesses, or respondents in scientific misconduct cases that there ought to be some method of resolving suc…Read more
  •  23
    Public Science and Norms of Truthfulness
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (3): 325. 1996.
    The phenomenon of misconduct in scientific research illustrates how great can be the social damage of not knowing the incidence of a malady. Many urgings about such phenomenon have predicated views about the extent of institutional and governmental vigilance on observers' differing surmises about how frequently misconduct occurs. Such is the measurement error of extant data about incidence1 that one can venture little more than the deliberately imprecise conclusion that “misconduct is neither co…Read more
  •  123
    Intellectual Honesty
    Synthese 145 (2): 177-232. 2005.
    Engaging a listener’s trust imposes moral demands upon a presenter in respect of truthtelling and completeness. An agent lies by an utterance that satisfies what are herein defined as signal and mendacity conditions; an agent deceives when, in satisfaction of those conditions, the agent’s utterances contribute to a false belief or thwart a true one. I advert to how we may fool ourselves in observation and in the perception of our originality. Communication with others depends upon a convention o…Read more