•  13
    The Enframing of Code
    Theory, Culture and Society 28 (6): 113-141. 2011.
    This paper is about the phenomenon of encoding, more specifically about the encoded extension of agency. The question of code most often emerges from contemporary concerns about the way digital encoding is seen to be transforming our lives in fundamental ways, yet seems to operate ‘under the surface’ as it were. In this essay I suggest that the performative outcomes of digital encoding are best understood within a more general horizon of the phenomenon of encoding – that is to say as norm- or ru…Read more
  •  28
    Editorial
    Ethics and Information Technology 4 (2): 155-156. 2002.
  •  102
    Invoking politics and ethics in the design of information technology: Undesigning the design (review)
    with Martin Brigham
    Ethics and Information Technology 9 (1): 1-10. 2007.
    It is a truism that the design and deployment of information and communication technologies is vital to everyday life, the conduct of work and to social order. But how are individual, organisational and societal choices made? What might it mean to invoke a politics and an ethics of information technology design and use? This editorial paper situates these questions within the trajectory of preoccupations and approaches to the design and deployment of information technology since computerisation …Read more
  •  47
    Singular justice and software piracy
    Business Ethics: A European Review 16 (3): 264-277. 2007.
    This paper assumes that the purpose of ethics is to open up a space for the possibility of moral conduct in the flow of everyday life. If this is the case then we can legitimately ask: "How then do we do ethics"? To attempt an answer to this important question, the paper presents some suggestions from the work of Emmanuel Levinas and Jacques Derrida. With Levinas, it is argued that ethics happens in the singularity of the face of the Other before me "here and now". Ethics matters in my everyday …Read more
  •  31
    Editorial: Ethical reflections on the virtual frontier (review)
    Ethics and Information Technology 2 (1): 1-2. 2000.
  •  72
    Disclosive ethics and information technology: Disclosing facial recognition systems (review)
    Ethics and Information Technology 7 (2): 75-86. 2005.
    This paper is an attempt to present disclosive ethics as a framework for computer and information ethics – in line with the suggestions by Brey, but also in quite a different manner. The potential of such an approach is demonstrated through a disclosive analysis of facial recognition systems. The paper argues that the politics of information technology is a particularly powerful politics since information technology is an opaque technology – i.e. relatively closed to scrutiny. It presents the de…Read more
  •  62
    On the Meaning of Screens: Towards a Phenomenological Account of Screenness
    with Fernando M. Ilharco
    Human Studies 29 (1): 57-76. 2006.
    This paper presents a Heideggerian phenomenological analysis of screens. In a world and an epoch where screens pervade a great many aspects of human experience, we submit that phenomenology, much in a traditional methodological form, can provide an interesting and novel basis for our understanding of screens. We ground our analysis in the ontology of Martin Heidegger's Being and Time [1927/1962], claiming that screens will only show themselves as they are if taken as screens-in-the-world. Thus, …Read more
  • Editorial
    Ethics and Information Technology 3 (3): 155-156. 2001.
  •  120
    The dramatic increase in the number of overseas students studying in the United Kingdom and other Western countries has required academics to reevaluate many aspects of their own, and their institutions', practices. This article considers differing cultural values among overseas students toward plagiarism and the implications this may have for postgraduate education in a Western context. Based on focus-group interviews, questionnaires, and informal discussions, we report the views of plagiarism …Read more
  •  129
    In this paper, I argue for the impossible possibility of an ethical dwelling with technology. In arguing for an ethical comportment in our dealing with technology, I am not only arguing for the consideration of the ethical implications of technology (which we already do) but also, and more importantly, for an ethics of technological artefacts qua technology. Thus, I attempt to argue for a decentering (or rather overcoming) of anthropocentric ethics, urging us to move beyond any centre, whatever …Read more
  •  13
    Justice, Ethics and Piracy: On doing the right thing
    Levinas, Business Ethics. forthcoming.
  •  1
    Disclosing the Digital Face: The ethics of facial recognition systems
    Ethics and Information Technology 7 (2): 75-86. 2005.
    This paper is an attempt to present disclosive ethics as a framework for computer and information ethics – in line with the suggestions by Brey, but also in quite a different manner. The potential of such an approach is demonstrated through a disclosive analysis of facial recognition systems. The paper argues that the politics of information technology is a particularly powerful politics since information technology is an opaque technology – i.e. relatively closed to scrutiny. It presents the de…Read more
  •  7
    Computer ethics: philosophical enquiry
    with Herman T. Tavani
    Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 29 (1): 4-8. 1999.
  • Editorial
    Ethics and Information Technology 4 (2): 97-99. 2002.
  • Plagiarism, Alienation and Fairness: Towards an inclusive educational practice
    with Niall Hayes
    Ethics and Behavior 15 (3): 213-231. 2005.
    The dramatic increase in the number of overseas students studying in the United Kingdom and other Western countries has required academics to reevaluate many aspects of their own, and their institutions', practices. This article considers differing cultural values among overseas students toward plagiarism and the implications this may have for postgraduate education in a Western context. Based on focus-group interviews, questionnaires, and informal discussions, we report the views of plagiarism …Read more
  •  17
    Virtuality and Morality: On Being Disturbed by the Other
    Philosophy in the Contemporary World 8 (1): 31-39. 2001.
    This paper critically describes the mediation of social relations by information technology, drawing on the work of Emmanuel Levinas. In the first of three movements, I discuss ethical relations as primordial sociality based in proximity. In the second movement I discuss the how the self encounters the Other, the ethical contact. How can the self make contact with the Other without turning the Other into a theme, a concept or a category? In the third movement, I discuss the electronic mediation …Read more
  •  89
    This paper will address the question of the morality of technology. I believe this is an important question for our contemporary society in which technology, especially information technology, is increasingly becoming the default mode of social ordering. I want to suggest that the conventional manner of conceptualising the morality of technology is inadequate – even dangerous. The conventional view of technology is that technology represents technical means to achieve social ends. Thus, the mora…Read more
  •  21
    Editorial
    Ethics and Information Technology 3 (3): 155-156. 2001.
  •  41
    Privacy in the information age: Stakeholders, interests and values (review)
    with Athanasia Pouloudi
    Journal of Business Ethics 22 (1). 1999.
    Privacy is a relational and relative concept that has been defined in a variety of ways. In this paper we offer a systematic discussion of potentially different notions of privacy. We conclude that privacy as the freedom or immunity from the judgement of others is an extremely useful concept to develop ways in which to understand privacy claims and associated risks. To this end, we develop a framework of principles that explores the interrelations of interests and values for various stakeholders…Read more
  •  78
    Ethics and the speaking of things
    Theory, Culture and Society 26 (4): 398-419. 2009.
    This article is about our relationship with things; about the abundant material geographies that surround us and constitute the very possibility for us to be the beings that we are. More specifically, it is about the question of the possibility of an ethical encounter with things (qua things). We argue, with the science and technology studies tradition (and Latour in particular), that we are the beings that we are through our entanglements with things, we are thoroughly hybrid beings, cyborgs thr…Read more
  •  315
    This paper argues that the inappropriate framing and implementation of plagiarism detection systems in UK universities can unwittingly construct international students as ‘plagiarists’. It argues that these systems are often implemented with inappropriate assumptions about plagiarism and the way in which new members of a community of practice develop the skills to become full members of that community. Drawing on the literature and some primary data it shows how expectations, norms and practices…Read more
  •  18
    Workplace surveillance, privacy and distributive justice
    Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 30 (4): 33-39. 2000.
  •  57
    On Cyberspace and Being: Identity, Self, and Hyperreality
    Philosophy in the Contemporary World 4 (1/2): 16-25. 1997.
    Does it make sense to talk about cyberspace as an alternative social reality? Is cyberspace the new frontier for the realization of the postmodern self? For philosophers Taylor and Saarinen, and the psychologist Turkle, cyberspace is the practical manifestation of a postmodern reality, or rather hyperreality. In hyperreal cyberspace, they argue, identity becomes plastic, “I can change my self as easily as I change my clothes.” I will argue using Martin Heidegger that our being is being-in-the-wo…Read more