•  683
    Slurring Words
    Noûs 47 (1): 25-48. 2013.
  •  495
    Racist Humor
    Philosophy Compass 10 (8): 501-509. 2015.
    In this brief essay, I will lay out the philosophical landscape concerning theories of racist humor. First, I mention some preliminary issues that bear on the question of what makes a joke racist. Next, I briefly survey some of the views philosophers have offered on racist humor, and on a view of sexist humor that is relevant for this discussion. I then suggest the debates could benefit from moving beyond the racist/non-racist binary most views presuppose. Finally, I conclude with suggestions fo…Read more
  •  251
  •  148
    Hermeneutical Impasses
    Philosophical Topics 45 (2): 1-19. 2017.
    When people respond to chants of “Black lives matter” with “All lives matter” or excoriate Colin Kaepernick for being “anti-military” or “anti-American” when he sits or kneels during the playing of the national anthem, there appears to be a break in understanding. BLM protestors and Kaepernick understand their actions and messages in one way, detractors in quite a different way. This seems to present what we might refer to as an interpretive challenge.In this essay, I aim to explore the nature o…Read more
  •  63
    We encounter offense through various media: an intended facetious remark, a protester’s photographic image of an aborted fetus, an epithet, a stereotypical joke of a minority racial group. People say things that cause offense all of the time. And causing offense can have serious consequences, both personal and professional; the offending party is subject to termination, suspension, or social isolation and public opprobrium. Since the stakes are so high we should have a better understanding of th…Read more
  •  50
    Why so serious? An inquiry on racist jokes
    Journal of Social Philosophy. forthcoming.
    Journal of Social Philosophy, EarlyView.
  •  35
  •  31
    Editor’s Introduction: Language, Power, and Society
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 56 (S1): 5-6. 2018.
  •  16
    Black is Beautiful: A Philosophy of Black Aesthetics (review)
    The Philosophers' Magazine 81 110-111. 2018.
  •  15
    Roasting Ethics
    Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 78 (4): 451-464. 2020.
    ABSTRACTWhat are the rules of the comedic roast? Initially, there might seem to be a tension between “the comedic” and “roasting” or “insult.” The comedic is concerned with the funny or mirth while insults are mean-spirited in nature, tools of injury. So how can the two be combined to produce something fun? In this article, I entertain a few views that attempt a resolution of this apparent tension. I conclude with a proposal that suggests when they are successful, roasts employ mechanisms that r…Read more
  •  2
    Propaganda
    The Philosophers' Magazine 94 96-101. 2021.
  •  2
    The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Race (edited book)
    with Linda Alcoff and Paul Taylor
    Routledge. 2017.
    For many decades, race and racism have been common areas of study in departments of sociology, history, political science, English, and anthropology. Much more recently, as the historical concept of race and racial categories have faced significant scientific and political challenges, philosophers have become more interested in these areas. This changing understanding of the ontology of race has invited inquiry from researchers in moral philosophy, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of scienc…Read more
  •  1
    The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Race (edited book)
    with Paul Taylor and Linda Martin Alcoff
    Routledge. 2017.
    For many decades, race and racicsm have been common areas of study in departments of sociology, history, politcal science, English, and athropology. Much more recently, as the historical concept of race and racial categories have faced signifcant scientific and politcal challenges, philosophers have become more interested in these areas. This changing understanding of the ontology of race has invited inquiry from researchers in moral philosophy, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of science, …Read more