•  1
    Many ordinary things are made up of material things. For example, the statue of Ferdousi in the University of Tehran is made up of a particular piece of bronze. Calling the relation between the statue of Ferdousi and that piece of bronze material constitution, many philosophers have claimed that this relation between a material thing and the thing that it constitutes is identity. Baker, in contrast, believes that these things have genuine unity without necessary identity. In this article, I firs…Read more
  • Normativity and explanation of action
    Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 7 (27): 61-83. 2006.
    According to Donald Davidson’s causal theory of actions, an action is an event that an agent performs for reasons, and thus explanation by appeal to the agent’s reasons is a rational explanation as well as a causal explanation. Against Davidson’s theory there have been raised a number of objections, one of which is called “normativity”. The roots of this objection are that, on one hand, causal account is relative to things existing outside the mind but, on the other hand, normative things are th…Read more
  •  13
    The Ability Hypothesis: An Empirically Based Defense
    Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 30 (1): 23-38. 2016.
    We defend Laurence Nemirow’s and David Lewis’s Ability Hypothesis against Paul Raymont’s criticisms in defense of Jackson’s Knowledge Argument. According to the Ability Hypothesis, what Mary lacked when she was in her black-and-white room was a set of abilities; she did not know how to recognize or imagine certain types of experience. Her subsequent discovery of what it is like to experience color amounts to no more than her acquiring these abilities. Appealing to the Molyneux test, Raymont has …Read more