•  175
    Alternative questions and knowledge attributions
    with Paul Égré
    Philosophical Quarterly 60 (238): 1-27. 2010.
    We discuss the 'problem of convergent knowledge', an argument presented by J. Schaffer in favour of contextualism about knowledge attributions, and against the idea that knowledge- wh can be simply reduced to knowledge of the proposition answering the question. Schaffer's argument centrally involves alternative questions of the form 'whether A or B'. We propose an analysis of these on which the problem of convergent knowledge does not arise. While alternative questions can contextually restrict …Read more
  •  147
    Individual Concepts in Modal Predicate Logic
    Journal of Philosophical Logic 34 (1): 1-64. 2005.
    The article deals with the interpretation of propositional attitudes in the framework of modal predicate logic. The first part discusses the classical puzzles arising from the interplay between propositional attitudes, quantifiers and the notion of identity. After comparing different reactions to these puzzles it argues in favor of an analysis in which evaluations of de re attitudes may vary relative to the ways of identifying objects used in the context of use. The second part of the article gi…Read more
  •  144
    A formal treatment of the pragmatics of questions and attitudes
    Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (5). 2005.
    This article discusses pragmatic aspects of our interpretation of intensional constructions like questions and prepositional attitude reports. In the first part, it argues that our evaluation of these constructions may vary relative to the identification methods operative in the context of use. This insight is then given a precise formalization in a possible world semantics. In the second part, an account of actual evaluations of questions and attitudes is proposed in the framework of bi-directi…Read more
  •  106
    Knowing whether A or B
    with Paul Égré and Tikitu de Jager
    Synthese 190 (14): 2595-2621. 2013.
    The paper examines the logic and semantics of knowledge attributions of the form “s knows whether A or B”. We analyze these constructions in an epistemic logic with alternative questions, and propose an account of the context-sensitivity of the corresponding sentences and of their presuppositions
  •  102
    Free choice, modals, and imperatives
    Natural Language Semantics 15 (1): 65-94. 2007.
    The article proposes an analysis of imperatives and possibility and necessity statements that (i) explains their differences with respect to the licensing of free choice any and (ii) accounts for the related phenomena of free choice disjunction in imperatives, permissions, and statements. Any and or are analyzed as operators introducing sets of alternative propositions. Free choice licensing operators are treated as quantifiers over these sets. In this way their interpretation can be sensitive t…Read more
  •  88
    Interpreting concealed questions
    Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (5): 443-478. 2011.
    Concealed questions are determiner phrases that are naturally paraphrased as embedded questions (e.g., John knows the capital of Italy ≈ John knows what the capital of Italy is). This paper offers a novel account of the interpretation of concealed questions, which assumes that an entity-denoting expression α may be type-shifted into an expression ?z.P(α), where P is a contextually determined property, and z ranges over a contextually determined domain of individual concepts. Different resolution…Read more
  •  69
    Concealed questions under cover
    Grazer Philosophische Studien 77 (1): 191-216. 2008.
    Our evaluation of questions and knowledge attributions may vary relative to the way in which the relevant objects are identified. In the first part, the article proposes a theory that represents different methods of trans-world identification and is able to account for their impact on interpretation. In the second part, the same theory is used to account for the meaning of concealed questions. On the proposed account, the interpretation of a concealed question results from the application of a t…Read more
  •  62
    Knowing Who: How Perspectives and Contexts Interact
    In Frank Lihoreau & Manuel Rebuschi (eds.), Epistemology, Context and Formalism., Synthese Library. 2014.
  •  56
    (1) Somebody arrived late. (Guess who?/Namely Mary) a. Conventional meaning: Somebody arrived late b. Ignorance implicature: The speaker doesn’t know who..
  •  43
    Indefinites in comparatives
    Natural Language Semantics 22 (2): 145-167. 2014.
    The goal of this paper is to explain the meaning and distribution of indefinites in comparatives, focusing on English some and any and German irgend-indefinites. We consider three competing theories of comparatives in combination with an alternative semantics of some and any, and a novel account of stressed irgend-indefinites. One of the resulting accounts, based on Heim’s analysis of comparatives, predicts all the relevant differences in quantificational force, and explains why free choice inde…Read more
  •  38
    The 2007 edition of the Amsterdam Colloquium is the Sixteenth in a series which started in 1976. Originally, the Amsterdam Colloquium was an initiative of the Department of Philosophy of the University of Amsterdam. Since 1984 the Colloquium is organized by the Institute for Logic, Language and Computation (ILLC) of the University of Amsterdam.
  •  20
    A Uniform Semantics for Declarative and Interrogative Complements
    with Nadine Theiler and Floris Roelofsen
    Journal of Semantics 35 (3): 409-466. 2018.
  •  12
    Picky predicates: why believe doesn’t like interrogative complements, and other puzzles
    with Nadine Theiler and Floris Roelofsen
    Natural Language Semantics 27 (2): 95-134. 2019.
    It is a long-standing puzzle why predicates like believe embed declarative but not interrogative complements and why predicates like wonder embed interrogative but not declarative complements. This paper shows how the selectional restrictions of a range of predicates can be derived from semantic assumptions that can be independently motivated.
  •  2
    Knowing-Who in Quantified Epistemic Logic
    In Hans van Ditmarsch & Gabriel Sandu (eds.), Jaakko Hintikka on Knowledge and Game Theoretical Semantics, Springer. pp. 109-129. 2018.
    This article proposes an account of knowing-who constructions within a generalisation of Hintikka’s quantified epistemic logic employing the notion of a conceptual cover Aloni PhD thesis [1]. The proposed logical system captures the inherent context-sensitivity of knowing-wh constructions Boër and Lycan, as well as expresses non-trivial cases of so-called concealed questions Heim. Assuming that quantifying into epistemic contexts and knowing-who are linked in the way Hintikka had proposed, the c…Read more
  •  1
    The Cambridge Handbook of Formal Semantics (edited book)
    Cambridge University Press. 2016.
    Formal semantics - the scientific study of meaning in natural language - is one of the most fundamental and long-established areas of linguistics. This Handbook offers a comprehensive, yet compact guide to the field, bringing together research from a wide range of world-leading experts. Chapters include coverage of the historical context and foundation of contemporary formal semantics, a survey of the variety of formal/logical approaches to linguistic meaning and an overview of the major areas o…Read more
  • Proceedings of the 18th Amsterdam Colloquium 2011 (edited book)
    with Kimmelman Vadim, Weidman Sassoon Galit, Roloefson Floris, Schulz Katrin, and Westera Matthjis
    Springer. 2012.
  • Logic, Language and Meaning: 18th Amsterdam Colloquium (edited book)
    with V. Kimmelman, Floris Roelofsen, G. Weidman Sassoon, Katrin Schulz, and M. Westera
    Springer. 2012.
  • 18th Amsterdam Colloquium (edited book)
    Springer. forthcoming.
  • The Cambridge Handbook of Formal Semantics (edited book)
    Cambridge University Press. 2016.
    Formal semantics - the scientific study of meaning in natural language - is one of the most fundamental and long-established areas of linguistics. This Handbook offers a comprehensive, yet compact guide to the field, bringing together research from a wide range of world-leading experts. Chapters include coverage of the historical context and foundation of contemporary formal semantics, a survey of the variety of formal/logical approaches to linguistic meaning and an overview of the major areas o…Read more