•  1417
    Accountability or Good Decisions
    with Jens Steffek
    Global Society 23 (1): 37-57. 2009.
    Civil society participation in international and European governance is often promoted as a remedy to its much-lamented democratic deficit. We argue in this paper that this claim needs refinement because civil society participation may serve two quite different purposes: it may either enhance the democratic accountability of intergovernmental organisations and regimes, or the epistemic quality of rules and decisions made within them. (...)
  •  843
    Pluralism Slippery Slopes and Democratic Public Discourse
    with Enzo Rossi
    Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 60 (137): 29-47. 2013.
    Agonist theorists have argued against deliberative democrats that democratic institutions should not seek to establish a rational consensus, but rather allow political disagreements to be expressed in an adversarial form. But democratic agonism is not antagonism: some restriction of the plurality of admissible expressions is not incompatible with a legitimate public sphere. However, is it generally possible to grant this distinction between antagonism and agonism without accepting normative stan…Read more
  •  273
    A Multirelational Account of Toleration
    with Sune Lægaard
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (3): 224-238. 2013.
    Toleration classically denotes a relation between two agents that is characterised by three components: objection, power, and acceptance overriding the objection. Against recent claims that classical toleration is not applicable in liberal democracies and that toleration must therefore either be understood purely attitudinally or purely politically, we argue that the components of classical toleration are crucial elements of contemporary cases of minority accommodation. The concept of toleration…Read more
  •  169
    Social injustice, essays in political theory
    International Review of Sociology 22 (3). 2012.
    There are many situations and policies that strike us as unjust and make us look for alternatives. Yet in the absence of a clear definition, we may end up by equating injustice with everything that is evil in the world
  •  107
    Pluralism
    In A. C. Grayling Andrew Pyle (ed.), The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy, . pp. 2528-2530. 2006.
    Since the 1950`s in Britain, and perhaps in the rest of the world, the term pluralism is almost invariably associated with the name of Isaiah Berlin and his formulation of ‘value pluralism’. The core idea is that values (but also, on some interpretations, ends, duties and obligations) are irreducibly plural and heterogeneous, and nevertheless objective (...)
  •  101
    Risk and distributive justice: The case of regulating new technologies
    Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (3). 2010.
    There are certain kinds of risk for which governments, rather than individual actors, are increasingly held responsible. This article discusses how regulatory institutions can ensure an equitable distribution of risk between various groups such as rich and poor, and present and future generations. It focuses on cases of risk associated with technological and biotechnological innovation. After discussing various possibilities and difficulties of distribution, this article proposes a non-welfarist…Read more
  •  69
    Granting differential treatment is often considered a way of placing some groups in a better position in order to maintain or improve their cultural, economic, health-related or other conditions, and to address persistent inequalities. Critics of multiculturalism have pointed out the tension between protection for groups and protection for group members. The ‘rule-and-exemption’ approach has generally been conceived as more resistant to such criticism insofar as exemptions are not conceded to mi…Read more
  •  48
    Political corruption, individual behaviour and the quality of institutions
    Politics, Philosophy and Economics 17 (2): 216-231. 2018.
    Is the corrupt behaviour of public officials a politically relevant kind of wrong only when it causes the malfunctioning of institutions? We challenge recent institutionalist approaches to political corruption by showing a sense in which the individual corrupt behaviour of certain public officials is wrong not only as a breach of personal morality but in inherently politically salient terms. To show this sense, we focus on a specific instance of individual corrupt behaviour on the part of public…Read more
  •  46
    Rules and exemptions: The politics of difference within liberalism
    with Lenka Strnadová
    Res Publica 15 (3): 213-217. 2009.
    In what ways might we best, and justly, allow for cohabitation between individuals and groups with plural conceptions of the good? Confronting this question, students of political philosophy in the past two decades have encountered a routine contrast between liberal universalism, with a focus on equal individual rights and uniform application of the law, and on the other hand various versions of a 'politics of difference'(...)
  •  45
    Risk imposition and freedom
    Politics, Philosophy and Economics 15 (3): 261-279. 2016.
    Various authors hold that what is wrong with risk imposition is that being at risk diminishes the opportunities available to an agent. Arguably, even when risk does not result in material or psychological damages, it still represents a setback in terms of some legitimate interests. However, it remains to be specified what those interests are. This article argues that risk imposition represents a diminishment of overall freedom. Freedom will be characterized in empirical terms, as the range of un…Read more
  •  29
    Introduction
    with Ian Carter
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (3): 191-194. 2013.
    In attempting to clarify both the concept of toleration and its role in contemporary society several authors have interpreted it as based on the notion of respect for persons. Persons are due respect as moral agents and as such should be allowed to make their own choices, even if the content of those choices meets with our disapproval. According to a classical understanding of toleration, one can be said to tolerate something if one disapproves of it (this is commonly called the ‘objection comp…Read more
  •  19
    A taxonomy of institutional corruption
    Social Philosophy and Policy 35 (2): 242-263. 2018.
  •  7
    "This book discusses political corruption and anticorruption as a matter of a public ethics of office. It shows how political corruption is the Trojan horse that undermines public institutions from within via the interrelated action of the officeholders. Even well-designed and legitimate institutions may go off track if the officeholders fail to uphold by their conduct a public ethics of office accountability. Most current discussions of what political corruption is and why it is wrong have conc…Read more
  •  4
    A Multirelational Account of Toleration
    with Sune Laegaard
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (3): 224-238. 2013.
  •  2
    This book argues that we can find the resources to build a public perspective if we make two commitments: to respect people as autonomous agents and to endorse a shared ethics of beliefs.
  • The Routledge Handbook of Ethics and Public Policy
    with Emanuela Ceva
    Routledge. forthcoming.