•  672
    The Problem of the Soul in Aristotle's De anima
    Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 3. 1994.
  •  468
    An exploration of the legacy of Michael Servetus to the development of a new type of theological inquiry which ultimately helped lead to the development of critical biblical studies.
  •  386
    Creationism and Evolution. Misconceptions about Science and Religion
    Dialogue and Universalism 22 (4): 133-160. 2012.
    Creationism is an ancient worldview that was incorporated into ancient religious doctrines and survived in the western world due to its domination by religious institution such as the Catholic and Protestant Churches. Slowly, with the development of democratic political systems and science, the church lost its power of dominance over intellectual enterprises, and evolution became accepted by the majority as the inherent process in nature. Nevertheless, creationism is still very much alive among …Read more
  •  158
    Creationism and Evolution. Misconceptions about Science and Religion
    Dialogue and Universalism 22 (4): 133-160. 2012.
    Creationism is an ancient worldview that was incorporated into ancient religious doctrines and survived in the western world due to its domination by religious institution such as the Catholic and Protestant Churches. Slowly, with the development of democratic political systems and science, the church lost its power of dominance over intellectual enterprises, and evolution became accepted by the majority as the inherent process in nature. Nevertheless, creationism is still very much alive among …Read more
  •  49
    Numenius and Greek Philosophical Sources of Christian Doctrine
    The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 8 55-60. 2006.
    This paper traces the philosophical sources of one of the central Christian doctrines concerning deity-the doctrine of the Trinity - from the classical Greek period through to Justin Martyr (114¬ 165 C.E.). A key figure in this continuous line of thought is the Greek Middle Platonic philosopher Numenius of Apamea (fl. ca 150 C.EJ, who followed the Platonic tradition of Xenocrates of Chalcedon (d. 314 B.C.E.).
  •  45
    A survey essay exploring Nietzsche's intellectual trajectory and especially his notion of the ascetic ideal and its implications for atheism.
  •  38
    During the last decades evolutionary science has made significance progress in the elucidation of the process of human evolution and especially of human behavioral characteristics. These themes were traditionally subjects of inquiry in philosophy and theology. Already Darwin suggested an evolutionary and biological basis for moral sense or conscience, and answered Kant’s question about the origin of the moral rules postulated by philosophers. This article reviews the current status of such inves…Read more
  •  32
    Philosophy and its reinterpretation: A quintessential humanistic doctrine
    Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 17 (1): 71-90. 2009.
    An overview of Kant's ethics.
  •  22
    Poland's new totalitarianism
    Free Inquiry 15 (2): 42-45. 1995.
  •  21
    Philo of alexandria
    Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2001.
  •  18
    Jürgen Habermas: A Practical Sense Sociologist and a Kantian Moralist in a Nutshell
    Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 19 (2): 1-26. 2011.
    This paper is a short introduction to Habermas’s life and philosophy. It outlines his views on society, religion, morality and politics. It begins with his ‘methodological pragmatism’ which emphasizes the performative and intersubjective role of language. This rejects the “philosophy of consciousness” and sees society as a medium in which we live. Society is not an aggregate of individuals or a unity but a complex, multifarious, intersubjective structure with many different overlapping spheres. …Read more
  •  13
    Philo’s Logos Doctrine (review)
    Dialogue and Universalism 21 (4): 59-90. 2011.
    Judaism was a mythical, strongly tribal religion with anthropomorphic God in which the leading element was the concept of a covenant between God and the exceptional “chosen people.” Such views produced a strong emphasis on tribal unity and attitude of election and moral superiority vis-à-vis the rest of humanity. Philo must have felt inadequacy of the ancient Judaism and its limitations to compete for the minds of Hellenes with their universalistic philosophical thought. Philo represented a tren…Read more
  •  8
    Creationism and Evolution. Misconceptions about Science and Religion
    Dialogue and Universalism 22 (4): 133-160. 2012.
    Creationism is an ancient worldview that was incorporated into ancient religious doctrines and survived in the western world due to its domination by religious institution such as the Catholic and Protestant Churches. Slowly, with the development of democratic political systems and science, the church lost its power of dominance over intellectual enterprises, and evolution became accepted by the majority as the inherent process in nature. Nevertheless, creationism is still very much alive among …Read more
  •  8
    Liberation Theology: Religious Response to Social Problems
    Dialogue and Universalism 5 (8): 109-121. 1995.
  •  7
    This book covers the theory of our moral behavior that seems to meander throughout the history of ideas and that led eventually to scientific explanation of human moral behavior with various interpretations of the natural moral law.
  •  7
    This book presents a critical evaluation of the doctrine of the Trinity, tracing its development and investigating the intellectual, philosophical and theological background that shaped this influential doctrine of Christianity. Despite the centrality of Trinitarian thought to Christianity and its importance as one of the fundamental tenets that differentiates Christianity from Judaism and Islam, the doctrine is not fully formulated in the canon of Christian scriptural texts. Instead, it evolved…Read more
  •  6
    The Philosophical Legacy of the 16th and 17th Century Socinians
    The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 36 100-105. 1998.
    The doctrines of the Socinians represent a rational reaction to a medieval theology based on submission to the Church’s authority. Though they retained Scripture as something supra rationem, the Socinians analyzed it rationally and believed that nothing should be accepted contra rationem. Their social and political thought underwent a significant evolutionary process from a very utopian pacifistic trend condemning participation in war and holding public and judicial office to a moderate and real…Read more
  •  6
    The Stoic Logic and Egyptian Divine Metaphysics as the Sources of the Tertullian Doctrine of the Trinity
    Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 61 61-65. 2018.
    Tertullian was the first to coin the Latin term trinitas for the description of the three divine entities in his doctrine of the Trinity. He translated the Greek term trias which was used in describing the Christian triad. Before Tertullian, Justin Martyr developed the Logos Christology and described the Christian Triad in terms of rank or order of its members. The term goes back to Pythagoras and can be found in many cultures as representing groupings of three divinities. Tertullian’s innovatio…Read more
  •  6
    Numenius and Greek Philosophical Sources of Christian Doctrine
    The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 8 55-60. 2006.
    This paper traces the philosophical sources of one of the central Christian doctrines concerning deity-the doctrine of the Trinity - from the classical Greek period through to Justin Martyr (114¬ 165 C.E.). A key figure in this continuous line of thought is the Greek Middle Platonic philosopher Numenius of Apamea (fl. ca 150 C.EJ, who followed the Platonic tradition of Xenocrates of Chalcedon (d. 314 B.C.E.).
  •  1
    Contributors to the philosophy of humanism: anthology of essays (edited book)
    with Frank Prahl
    Humanists of Houston, Chapter of the American Humanist Association. 1994.
  •  1
  • Kant's Moral Axioms
    Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 8. 2000.
  • Philosophers and the Issue of Abortion
    Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 5. 1997.