•  94
  •  72
    Richard Goldschmidt's "Heresies" and the Evolutionary Synthesis
    Journal of the History of Biology 28 (3): 431-461. 1995.
  •  39
    In the 1960s molecular population geneticists used Monte Carlo experiments to evaluate particular diffusion equation models. In this paper I examine the nature of this comparative evaluation and argue for three claims: first, Monte Carlo experiments are genuine experiments: second, Monte Carlo experiments can provide an important meansfor evaluating the adequacy of highly idealized theoretical models; and, third, the evaluation of the computational adequacy of a diffusion model with Monte Carlo …Read more
  •  38
    : Where there are cases of underdetermination in scientific controversies, such as the case of the molecular clock, scientists may direct the course and terms of dispute by playing off the multidimensional framework of theory evaluation. This is because assessment strategies themselves are underdetermined. Within the framework of assessment, there are a variety of trade-offs between different strategies as well as shifting emphases as specific strategies are given more or less weight in assessme…Read more
  •  35
    Beyond the Boss and the Boys: Women and the Division of Labor in Drosophila Genetics in the United States, 1934–1970
    with Brandi H. Tambasco
    Journal of the History of Biology 40 (3): 509-528. 2007.
    The vast network of Drosophila geneticists spawned by Thomas Hunt Morgan's fly room in the early 20th century has justifiably received a significant amount of scholarly attention. However, most accounts of the history of Drosophila genetics focus heavily on the "boss and the boys," rather than the many other laboratory groups which also included large numbers of women. Using demographic information extracted from the Drosophila Information Service directories from 1934 to 1970, we offer a profil…Read more
  •  30
    Three perspectives on neutrality and drift in molecular evolution
    Philosophy of Science 73 (5): 666-677. 2006.
    This article offers three contrasting cases of the use of neutrality and drift in molecular evolution. In the first, neutrality is assumed as a simplest case for modeling. In the second and third, concepts of drift and neutrality are developed within the context of population genetics testing and the development and application of the molecular clock.
  •  28
  •  25
    Reinventing Richard Goldschmidt: Reputation, Memory, and Biography (review)
    Journal of the History of Biology 44 (4). 2011.
    Richard Goldschmidt was one of the most controversial biologists of the mid-twentieth century. Rather than fade from view, Goldschmidt's work and reputation has persisted in the biological community long after he has. Goldschmidt's longevity is due in large part to how he was represented by Stephen J. Gould. When viewed from the perspective of the biographer, Gould's revival of Goldschmidt as an evolutionary heretic in the 1970s and 1980s represents a selective reinvention of Goldschmidt that pr…Read more
  •  21
  •  20
    Representing the Object of Controversy: The Case of the Molecular Clock
    History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (2). 2007.
    Through a case study of the controversies surrounding the molecular clock, this paper examines the role of visual representation in the dynamics of scientific controversies. Representations of the molecular clock themselves became objects of controversy and so were not a means for closure. Instead visual representations of the molecular clock became tools for the further articulation of an ongoing controversy
  •  20
    Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology (edited book)
    with Oren Harman
    Yale University Press. 2008.
    This book is the first devoted to modern biology's innovators and iconoclasts: men and women who challenged prevailing notions in their fields.
  •  18
    ‘Extreme’ organisms and the problem of generalization: interpreting the Krogh principle
    with Sara Green, Sabina Leonelli, and Rachel A. Ankeny
    History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (4): 65. 2018.
    Many biologists appeal to the so-called Krogh principle when justifying their choice of experimental organisms. The principle states that “for a large number of problems there will be some animal of choice, or a few such animals, on which it can be most conveniently studied”. Despite its popularity, the principle is often critiqued for implying unwarranted generalizations from optimal models. We argue that the Krogh principle should be interpreted in relation to the historical and scientific con…Read more
  •  14
    Darwinian Evolution Across the Disciplines
    with C. Robertson McClung and Mark A. McPeek
    History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (3/4). 2001.
  •  14
    Using an analogy between moths and men, in 1916, Richard Goldschmidt proposed that homosexuality was a case of genetic intersexuality. As he strove to create a unified theory of sex determination that would encompass animals ranging from moths to men, Goldschmidt's doubts grew concerning the association of homosexuality with intersexuality until, in 1931, he dropped homosexuality from his theory of intersexuality. Despite Goldschmidt's explicit rejection of his theory of homosexuality, Theo Lang…Read more
  •  9
    A shifting terrain: a brief history of the adaptive landscape
    with Robert A. Skipper Jr
    In E. Svensson & R. Calsbeek (eds.), The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology, Oxford University Press. 2012.
  •  8
    Looking Toward the Next Fifty Years at the Journal of the History of Biology
    Journal of the History of Biology 50 (4): 689-690. 2017.
  •  7
    Inaugurating the Everett Mendelsohn Prize
    Journal of the History of Biology 49 (1): 1-2. 2016.
  •  6
    Duhem’s problem revisited: logical versus epistemic formulations and solutions
    with Phillip Honenberger
    Synthese 1-18. forthcoming.
    When the results of an experiment appears to disconfirm a hypothesis, how does one know whether it’s the hypothesis, or rather some auxiliary hypothesis or assumption, that is at fault? Philosophers’ answers to this question, now known as “Duhem’s problem,” have differed widely. Despite these differences, we affirm Duhem’s original position that the logical structure of this problem alone does not allow a solution. A survey of philosophical approaches to Duhem’s problem indicates that what allow…Read more
  •  5
    The diversification of developmental biology
    with Nathan Crowe, Beverly S. Alomepe, Amelia F. Antrim, Bay Lauris ByrneSim, and Yi He
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 53 1-15. 2015.
  •  4
    Editorial Introduction
    Journal of the History of Biology 45 (1): 1-1. 2012.
  •  4
    Review of Hey (review)
    Philosophy of Science 71 (4): 619-620. 2004.
  •  3
    Experimenting with sex: four approaches to the genetics of sex reversal before 1950
    History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 38 (1): 23-41. 2016.
  •  3
    The Journal of the History of Biology at 50
    Journal of the History of Biology 50 (1): 1-2. 2017.