Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
  • Critique
    In Ludger Kühnhardt & Tilman Mayer (eds.), The Bonn Handbook of Globality: Volume 1, Springer Verlag. pp. 363-373. 2019.
    The modern concept of critique was originally formed mainly by Kant but was subsequently taken over and modified by the tradition of Hegel, Marx, and the Frankfurt School. This article considers Kant’s concept of critique in some detail, including his historical and autobiographical conception that metaphysics passes from dogmatism to skepticism to critique. It also sketches the modification of the concept by Hegel, Marx, and the Frankfurt School into one of social critique, a theory of social i…Read more
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    Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar
    Princeton University Press. 2005.
    What is the nature of a conceptual scheme? Are there alternative conceptual schemes? If so, are some more justifiable or correct than others? The later Wittgenstein already addresses these fundamental philosophical questions under the general rubric of "grammar" and the question of its "arbitrariness"--and does so with great subtlety. This book explores Wittgenstein's views on these questions. Part I interprets his conception of grammar as a generalized version of Kant's transcendental idealist …Read more
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    Ursprung Und Wesen Des Hegelschen Geistbegriffs
    Hegel-Jahrbuch 2011 (1): 213-229. 2011.
  • Herder's Philosophy
    Oxford University Press. 2018.
    Johann Gottfried Herder is a towering figure in modern thought, but one who has hitherto been severely underappreciated. Michael Forster seeks to rectify that situation by exploring the full range of his ideas, and showing their enormous impact in philosophy, linguistics, anthropology, and comparative literature.
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    Forms of Reasoning in Western and Chinese Philosophy
    Journal of Chinese Philosophy 44 (1-2): 10-32. 2017.
    I would like in this article to make some tentative comparative observations about several sorts of reasoning in Western and Chinese philosophy. I try to say something about three important forms of reasoning: logic, skepticism, and practical reason. In each of these cases one can find strands of Chinese philosophy that are strikingly similar to counterparts in Western philosophy. And while in two of the cases in question the strands involved are less common and less fully developed than their W…Read more
  •  15
    Private and Shared Taste in Art and Face Appreciation
    with Helmut Leder, Juergen Goller, and Tanya Rigotti
    Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10. 2016.
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    Back to the future: A methodology for comparing old A-level and new AS standards
    with Gill Elliott, Jackie Greatorex, and John F. Bell
    Educational Studies 28 (2): 163-180. 2002.
    Curriculum 2000 has meant significant change for the post-16 sector. New qualifications have been introduced (e.g. the new Advanced Subsidiary examination) and the number of students involved in education and training post-16 has increased. In this scenario how can the standards of new qualifications, particularly the new Advanced Subsidiary examinations, be compared with those of previous qualifications? One method is to use the prior achievement of candidates (i.e. GCSE results) as a basis for…Read more
  •  24
    Nietzsche on morality as a “sign language of the affects”
    Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (1-2): 165-188. 2017.
    This article argues that Nietzsche’s meta-ethics is basically a form of sentimentalism, but a form of sentimentalism that includes cognitive components in the sentiments that are involved. The article also ascribes to Nietzsche the more original position that the moral sentiments in question vary dramatically between historical periods, cultures, and even individuals, sometimes indeed to the point of becoming inverted between one case and another. Finally, the article also attributes to Nietzsch…Read more
  •  80
    This paper concerns a surprisingly sharp disagreement about the nature of ancient Pyrrhonism which first emerges clearly in Kant and Hegel, but which continues in contemporary interpretations. The paper begins by explaining the character of this disagreement, then attempts to adjudicate it in the light of the ancient texts.
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    Herder has been sufficiently neglected in recent times, especially among philosophers, to need a few words of introduction. He lived 1744-1803; he was a favorite student of Kant's, and a student and friend of Hamann's; he became a mentor to the young Goethe, on whose development he exercised a profound influence; and he worked, among other things, as a philosopher, literary critic, Bible scholar, and translator. As I mentioned, Herder has been especially neglected by philosophers. This.
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    Hegel and Skepticism
    with Arthur Tubb
    British Journal of Educational Studies 39 (2): 230. 1991.
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    Chapter Nine. Some Relatively Easy Problems
    In Kant and Skepticism, Princeton University Press. pp. 55-57. 2010.
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    Schleiermacher’s Hermeneutics: Some Problems and Solutions
    The Harvard Review of Philosophy 13 (1): 100-122. 2005.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore some central aspects of Schleiermacher’s hermeneutics and to suggest how they should be interpreted and assessed. My general strategy will involve pointing up rather than playing down certain inconsistencies and other problems in his position, in part simply because I believe that they are there and that exegesis therefore ought to recognize them, but also in part because reflecting on them seems to me philosophically fruitful. The interpretive and philoso…Read more
  •  47
    Kant's Philosophy of Language?
    Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 74 (3): 485. 2012.
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    Hegel and Skepticism
    Philosophical Review 101 (2): 401. 1992.
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    Hat jede wahre Philosophie eine skeptische Seite?
    In Markus Gabriel (ed.), Skeptizismus Und Metaphysik, De Gruyter Akademie Forschung. pp. 261-294. 2011.
  •  47
    Gods, animals, and artists: Some problem cases in Herder's philosophy of language
    Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 46 (1). 2003.
    Herder already very early in his career, in the 1760s, established two vitally important and epoch-making principles in the philosophy of language: that thought is essentially dependent on and bounded by language; and that meanings or concepts should be identified - not with such items as the referents involved, Platonic forms, or empiricist 'ideas' - but with word-usages. What did Herder do for an encore? His Treatise on the Origin of Language from 1772 might seem the natural place to look for …Read more
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    Chapter Ten. A Metaphysics of Morals?
    In Kant and Skepticism, Princeton University Press. pp. 58-62. 2010.