•  17
    Margaret MacDonald and Gilbert Ryle: a philosophical friendship
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy 1-24. forthcoming.
    This article considers the personal and philosophical relationship between two philosophers, Margaret MacDonald and Gilbert Ryle. I show that a letter from MacDonald to Ryle found at Linacre Colleg...
  •  210
    The multiplicity of general propositions
    Noûs 26 (4): 409-426. 1992.
  •  19
    'If' is unambiguous
    Noûs 21 (2): 199-217. 1987.
  •  28
    Palmer House Hilton Hotel, Chicago, Illinois April 23–24, 2004
    with Warren Goldfarb, Erich Reck, Jeremy Avigad, Andrew Arana, Geoffrey Hellman, Colin McLarty, and Dana Scott
    Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (3). 2004.
  •  60
    Gyula begins with a contrast between contemporary scare-quotes essentialism and Aristotelian full-blooded essentialism. The former is a semantic thesis couched in the vocabulary of possible-worlds semantics, holding that some terms are rigid designators, while the latter is a metaphysical thesis, couched in a more ancient vocabulary, holding that things have essences. Gyula argues that the more traditional metaphysical framework deserves reconsideration, both because it can help us with problems…Read more
  • Of the association for symbolic logic
    with Warren Goldfarb, Jeremy Avigad, Andrew Arana, Geoffrey Hellman, and Dana Scott
    Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (3): 438. 2004.
  •  5
    Paradox and reference
    In J. Dunn & A. Gupta (eds.), Truth or Consequences, Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 33--47. 1990.
  •  99
    My title1 is taken from one of the most obscure, and most discussed, sections of an already obscure and much discussed work, the discussion of the self, the world, and solipsism in sections 5.6-5.641 of Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico- Philosophicus.2 Wittgenstein writes: 5.6 The limits of my language mean the limits of my world. 5.61 Logic fills the world: the limits of the world are also its limits. We cannot therefore say in logic: This and this there is in the world, that there is not…Read more
  •  16
    Set-theoretic realism and arithmetic
    Philosophical Studies 64 (3). 1991.
  •  91
    Kripke and the logic of truth
    Journal of Philosophical Logic 17 (3). 1988.
  •  60
    Ryle’s “Intellectualist Legend” in Historical Context
    Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 5 (5). 2017.
    Gilbert Ryle’s distinction between knowledge-how and knowledge-that emerged from his criticism of the “intellectualist legend” that to do something intelligently is “to do a bit of theory and then to do a bit of practice,” and became a philosophical commonplace in the second half of the last century. In this century Jason Stanley has attacked Ryle’s distinction, arguing that “knowing-how is a species of knowing-that,” and accusing Ryle of setting up a straw man in his critique of “intellectualis…Read more
  •  27
    Ideology and Knowledge-How: A Rylean Perspective
    Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 31 (3): 295-311. 2016.
    In work culminating in Know How, Jason Stanley argues, against Gilbert Ryle, that knowledge-how is a species of knowledge-that. In How Propaganda Works, Stanley portrays this work as undermining a “flawed ideology” supporting elitist valuations of intellectual work and workers. However, the link between Stanley’s two philosophical projects is weak. Ryle’s distinction between knowledge-how and knowledge-that lacks the political consequences foreseen by Stanley. Versions of “intellectualism” have …Read more
  •  26
    Mark Textor, Frege on Sense and Reference (review)
    Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 2 (10). 2014.
    London and New York. Routledge, 2011, x + 291. $125.00 ; $33.95. ISBN 978-0-415-41961-1.
  •  1
  •  31
    Contemporary Analytic Philosophy
    Teaching Philosophy 21 (3): 286-289. 1998.
  •  38
    Representation or Inference: Must We Choose? Should We?
    In Bernhard Weiss & Jeremy Wanderer (eds.), Reading Brandom: On Making It Explicit, Routledge. pp. 227. 2010.
  •  87
    Sense and reference: the origins and development of the distinction
    In Tom Ricketts & Michael D. Potter (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Frege, Cambridge University Press. pp. 220--292. 2010.
    Frege’s distinction between sense (Sinn) and meaning (Bedeutung) is his most influential contribution to philosophy, however central it was to his own projects, and however he may have conceived its importance. Philosophers of language influenced by, or reacting against the distinction, and historians of philosophy commenting on it, have all contributed to the voluminous literature surrounding it.1 Nonetheless in this essay I hope to shed new light on the distinction by considering it in the con…Read more
  •  39
    Marti on Descriptions in Carnap’s S
    Journal of Philosophical Logic 26 (6): 629-634. 1997.
    This note is a friendly amendment to Marti's analysis of the failure of Føllesdal's argument that modal distinctions collapse in Carnap's logic S2. Føllesdal's argument turns on the treatment of descriptions. Marti considers how modal descriptions, which Carnap banned, might be handled; she adopts an approach which blocks Føllesdal's argument, but requires a separate treatment of non-modal descriptions. I point out that a more general treatment of descriptions in S2 is possible, and indeed is im…Read more
  •  6
    Book reviews (review)
    Philosophia Mathematica 4 (3): 294-297. 1996.
  •  68
    Review of Gottlob Frege, Dale Jacquette (tr.), The Foundations of Arithmetic (review)
    Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (1). 2008.
    Last spring, as I was beginning a graduate seminar on Frege, I received a complimentary copy of this new translation of his masterwork, The Foundations of Arithmetic . I had ordered Austin's famous translation, well-loved for the beauty of its English and the clarity with which it presents Frege's overall argument, but known to be less than literal, and to sometimes supplement translation with interpretation. I was intrigued by Dale Jacquette's promise "to combine literal accuracy and readabilit…Read more
  •  242
    Logic and Language in Wittgenstein’s Tractatus (review)
    Philosophical Review 111 (2): 327-330. 2002.
    This short book comprises “four largely self-contained studies … unified by a common interpretive approach”, the “investigation of the historical development of … Wittgenstein’s early philosophy”. Proops applies this historical approach to Wittgenstein’s conception of logic, his critique of “logical assertion,” his “picture theory” of language, and his discussion of the justification of deduction. He endeavors to “bring out how Wittgenstein develops his views … as foils to the positions develope…Read more
  •  7
    Mathematics and Meaning in Tractatus
    Philosophical Investigations 25 (3): 272-303. 2002.