•  1838
    Abortion and infanticide
    Philosophy and Public Affairs 2 (1): 37-65. 1972.
  •  293
    Causation: A Realist Approach
    Oxford University Press. 1987.
    Tooley here sets out and defends realist accounts of traditional empiricist explanations of causation and laws of nature, arguing that since reductionist accounts of causation are exposed to decisive objections, empiricists must break with that tradition.
  •  236
    Laws of Nature (review)
    Philosophical Review 106 (1): 119. 1997.
    In this book, John Carroll argues for the following two anti-reductionist theses
  •  229
    Time, Tense, and Causation
    Oxford University Press. 1997.
    Michael Tooley presents a major new philosophical theory of the nature of time, offering a powerful alternative to the traditional "tensed" and recent "tenseless" accounts of time. He argues for a dynamic conception of the universe, in which past, present, and future are not merely subjective features of experience. He claims that the past and the present are real, while the future is not. Tooley's approach accounts for time in terms of causation. He therefore claims that the key to understandin…Read more
  •  223
    Farewell to McTaggart’s Argument?
    Philosophia 38 (2): 243-255. 2010.
    Philosophers have responded to McTaggart’s famous argument for the unreality of time in a variety of ways. Some of those responses are not easy to evaluate, since they involve, for example, sometimes murky questions concerning whether a certain infinite regress is or is not vicious. In this paper I set out a response that has not, I think, been advanced by any other author, and which, if successful, is absolutely clear-cut. The basic idea is simply that a tensed approach to time can avoid McTagg…Read more
  •  191
    The nature of laws
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy 7 (4): 667-98. 1977.
    This paper is concerned with the question of the truth conditions of nomological statements. My fundamental thesis is that it is possible to set out an acceptable, noncircular account of the truth conditions of laws and nomological statements if and only if relations among universals - that is, among properties and relations, construed realistically - are taken as the truth-makers for such statements. My discussion will be restricted…Read more
  •  182
    Time, Truth, Actuality, and Causation: On the Impossibility of Divine Foreknowledge
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 2 (1). 2010.
    In this essay, my goal is, first, to describe the most important contemporary philosophical approaches to the nature of time, and then, secondly, to discuss the ways in which those different accounts bear upon the question of the possibility of divine foreknowledge. I shall argue that different accounts of the nature of time give rise to different objections to the idea of divine foreknowledge, but that, in addition, there is a general argument for the impossibility of divine foreknowledge that …Read more
  •  144
    The problem of evil
    Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2008.
  •  139
    In his recent article, "Self-Consciousness", George Bealer has set out a novel and interesting argument against functionalism in the philosophy of mind. I shall attempt to show, however, that Bealer's argument cannot be sustained. In arguing for this conclusion, I shall be defending three main theses. The first is connected with the problem of defining theoretical predicates that occur in theories where the following two features are present: first, the theoretical predicate in question occurs w…Read more
  •  132
    Causation: Reductionism versus realism
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (n/a): 215-236. 1990.
  •  116
    The argument from evil
    Philosophical Perspectives 5 89-134. 1991.
  •  111
    Alvin Plantinga and the argument from evil
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (4). 1980.
    Among the central theses defended in this paper are the following. First, the logical incompatibility version of the argument from evil is not one of the crucial versions, and Plantinga, in fostering the illusion that it is, seriously misrepresents claims advanced by other philosophers. Secondly, Plantinga’s arguments against the thesis that the existence of any evil at all is logically incompatible with God’s existence. Thirdly, Plantinga’s attempt to demonstrate that the existence of a certain…Read more
  •  92
  •  85
    In defense of the existence of states of motion
    Philosophical Topics 16 (1): 225-254. 1988.
  •  83
    First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
  •  67
    Freedom and Foreknowledge
    Faith and Philosophy 17 (2): 212-224. 2000.
    In her book, The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge, Linda Zagzebski suggests that among the strongest ways of supporting the thesis that libertarian free will is incompatible with divine foreknowledge is what she refers to as the Accidental Necessity argument. Zagzebski contends, however, that at least three satisfactory responses to that argument are available.I argue that two of the proposed solutions are open to strong objections, and that the third, although it may very well handle the sp…Read more
  •  56
    Abortion: Three Perspectives
    with Celia Wolf-Devine, Philip E. Devine, and Alison M. Jaggar
    Oup Usa. 2009.
    The newest addition to the Point/Counterpoint Series, Abortion: Three Perspectives features a debate between four noted philosophers - Michael Tooley, Celia Wolf-Devine, Philip E. Devine, and Alison M. Jaggar - presenting different perspectives on one of the most socially and politically argued issues of the past 30 years. The three main arguments include the "liberal" pro-choice approach, the "communitarian" pro-life approach, and the "gender justice" approach. Divided into two parts, the text …Read more
  •  52
    Laws and Causal Relations
    Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1): 93-112. 1984.
    How are causal relations between particular states of affairs related to causal laws? There appear to be three main answers to this question, and the choice among those three alternatives would seem to be crucial for any account of causation. In spite of this fact, the question of which view is correct has been all but totally neglected in present-day discussions. Indeed, since the time of Hume, one answer has more or less dominated philosophical thinking about causation. In this paper I shall a…Read more
  •  48
    First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
  •  45
    Laws of Nature, Causation, and Supervenience (edited book)
    Garland. 1999.
    condition T. Moreover, such a characterization would be perfectly compatible with the possibility of there being events that were causally related, ...
  •  37
    Time and Causation (edited book)
    Garland. 1999.
    First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
  •  36
    Abortion and Infanticide
    Philosophical Review 94 (3): 436. 1985.
  •  34
    Kant answered this question affirmatively. I shall attempt to show that his insight was sound, although the argument that he offered in support of it was not.
  •  33
    Armstrong's proof of the realist account of dispositional properties
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy 50 (3). 1972.
    This Article does not have an abstract