•  129
    Implicit ontological commitment
    Philosophical Studies 141 (1). 2008.
    Quine’s general approach is to treat ontology as a matter of what a theory says there is. This turns ontology into a question of which existential statements are consequences of that theory. This approach is contrasted favourably with the view that takes ontological commitment as a relation to things. However within the broadly Quinean approach we can distinguish different accounts, differing as to the nature of the consequence relation best suited for determining those consequences. It is sugge…Read more
  •  114
    Belief De Re, Knowing Who, and Singular Thought
    Journal of Philosophy 107 (6): 293-310. 2010.
  •  106
    Compatibilist semantics in metaphysics: A case study
    with John O'Leary-Hawthorne
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (1). 1996.
    (1996). Compatibilist semantics in metaphysics: A case study. Australasian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 74, No. 1, pp. 117-134. doi: 10.1080/00048409612347101.
  •  90
    S.J. Gould's Last Words
    Metascience 12 (2): 214-216. 2003.
  •  65
    Time Travel for Endurantists
    American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (4): 357-364. 2015.
    Famously, David Lewis argued that we can avoid the apparent paradoxes of time travel by introducing a notion of personal time, which by and large follows the causal flow of the time traveler's life history. This paper argues that a related approach can be adapted for use by three-dimensionalists in response to Ted Sider's claim that three-dimensionalism is inconsistent with time travel. In contrast to Lewis (and others who follow him on this point), however, this paper argues that the order of e…Read more
  •  55
    David Lewis presented a celebrated argument for the identity theory of mind. His argument has provided the model for the program of analytic functionalism. He argues from two premises, that mental states are analytically tied to their causal roles and that, contingently, there is never a need to explain any physical change by going outside the realm of the physical, to the conclusion that mental states are physical. I show that his argument is mistaken and that it trades on a crucial ambiguity i…Read more
  •  53
    Floridi’s Theory of Strongly Semantic Information posits the Veridicality Thesis. One motivation is that it can serve as a foundation for information-based epistemology being an alternative to the tripartite theory of knowledge. However, the Veridicality thesis is false, if ‘information’ is to play an explanatory role in human cognition. Another motivation is avoiding the so-called Bar-Hillel/Carnap paradox. But this paradox only seems paradoxical, if ‘information’ and ‘informativeness’ are syno…Read more
  •  49
    Dummett’s argument against classical logic
    Philosophia 27 (3-4): 359-382. 1999.
  •  48
    The problems with double-indexing accounts of the a priori
    Philosophical Studies 118 (1-2): 67-81. 2004.
    Inspired by two-dimensional modal logic, some have sought to provide analyses of the notion of the contingent a priori which identify the a priori with truths which have a necessary diagonal. I argue that these analyses fail insofar as they miss the crucial epistemic aspect of the a priori. Augmenting these analyses with specifically epistemic accounts might be possible, but the interest would then reside in these epistemic accounts of the a priori and not in the formal models.
  •  44
    Is the theory of evolution by means of natural selection a tautology? This book explores the explanatory structure of Darwin’s theory at a time when selectionist explanations are being brought forward to explain a wider and wider range of phenomena.
  •  36
    Priest and others have presented their “most telling” argument for paraconsistent logic: that only paraconsistent logics allow non-trivial inconsistent theories. This is a very prevalent argument; occurring as it does in the work of many relevant and more generally paraconsistent logicians. However this argument can be shown to be unsuccessful. There is a crucial ambiguity in the notion of non-triviality. Disambiguated the most telling reason for paraconsistent logics is either question-begging …Read more
  •  36
    Tichý on Kripke on A Posteriori Necessities
    Philosophical Studies 92 (1/2). 1998.
    In Tichy's influential attack, a number of egregious errors are attributed to Kripke's seminal distinction of epistemic and metaphysical dimensions in meaning. I argue that Tichy's work is based on important misunderstandings. In particular Tichy attributes to Kripke the mistaken view that it is propositions, that is sets of worlds, which are the proper object of the appellation "a priori" and "a posteriori". I show that this is a mistaken attribution. Further, I argue that propositions cannot b…Read more
  •  30
    Concise encyclopedia of philosophy of language
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (3). 2001.
    Book Information Concise Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Language. Edited by Peter V. Lamarque. Pergamon Press. 1997. Pp. xix + 599. Dfl 298, US$171.50.
  •  26
    Reasonable Optimism
    with Peter Caldwell
    Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 6 (3): 19-31. 1998.
  •  24
    The dialectics of scepticism: Comments on Gallois
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy 73 (1). 1995.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  23
    Philosophy, Certainty and Semantic Stretch
    Australasian Philosophical Review 1 (3): 281-290. 2017.
    ABSTRACTLloyd encourages us to look anew at philosophy and science by using a comparative methodology, comparing the familiar Western form of philosophy, for example, with the forms found in ancient China. Taking lessons from comparative biology, this paper attempts to show that such comparison can only take place when we understand what we are looking at in the familiar case. The question of the centrality of the drive for certainty is addressed. Why has certainty been so attractive and what do…Read more
  •  17
    From Correlation to Causation: What Do We Need in the Historical Sciences?
    with Malte Ebach and Wendy Shaw
    Acta Biotheoretica 64 (3): 241-262. 2016.
    Changes in the methodology of the historical sciences make them more vulnerable to unjustifiable speculations being passed off as scientific results. The integrity of historical science is in peril due the way speculative and often unexamined causal assumptions are being used to generate data and underpin the identification of correlations in such data. A step toward a solution is to distinguish between plausible and speculative assumptions that facilitate the inference from measured and observe…Read more
  •  14
    Classical logic is explosive in the face of contradiction, yet we find ourselves using inconsistent theories. Mark Colyvan, one of the prominent advocates of the indispensability argument for realism about mathematical objects, suggests that such use can be garnered to develop an argument for commitment to inconsistent objects and, because of that, a paraconsistent underlying logic. I argue to the contrary that it is open to a classical logician to make distinctions, also needed by the paraconsi…Read more
  •  7
    Life, Death, and Meaning: Key Philosophical Readings on the Big Questions
    with Margaret A. Boden, Richard B. Brandt, Peter Caldwell, Fred Feldman, John Martin Fischer, Richard Hare, David Hume, W. D. Joske, Immanuel Kant, Frederick Kaufman, James Lenman, John Leslie, Steven Luper-Foy, Thomas Nagel, Robert Nozick, Derek Parfit, George Pitcher, Stephen E. Rosenbaum, David Schmidtz, Arthur Schopenhauer, David B. Suits, Richard Taylor, and Bernard Williams
    Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 2004.
    Do our lives have meaning? Should we create more people? Is death bad? Should we commit suicide? Would it be better if we were immortal? Should we be optimistic or pessimistic? Life, Death, and Meaning brings together key readings, primarily by English-speaking philosophers, on such 'big questions.'.
  •  1
    Life, Death, and Meaning: Key Philosophical Readings on the Big Questions (edited book)
    with David Benatar, Margaret A. Boden, Peter Caldwell, Fred Feldman, John Martin Fischer, Richard Hare, David Hume, W. D. Joske, Immanuel Kant, Frederick Kaufman, James Lenman, John Leslie, Steven Luper, Thomas Nagel, Robert Nozick, Derek Parfit, George Pitcher, Stephen E. Rosenbaum, David Schmidtz, Arthur Schopenhauer, David B. Suits, Richard Taylor, Bruce N. Waller, and Bernard Williams
    Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 2004.
    Do our lives have meaning? Should we create more people? Is death bad? Should we commit suicide? Would it be better to be immortal? Should we be optimistic or pessimistic? Since Life, Death, and Meaning: Key Philosophical Readings on the Big Questions first appeared, David Benatar's distinctive anthology designed to introduce students to the key existential questions of philosophy has won a devoted following among users in a variety of upper-level and even introductory courses.
  • Three Essays in Philosophy
    Dissertation, Princeton University. 1998.
    This dissertation consists of three essays on philosophical topics. The first is an examination of David Lewis's influential case for the thesis that mental states are physical states. This essay concludes that even if mental states are physically constituted, they are not identical with physical states. The second essay responds from a classical point of view to the challenge in the work of Michael Dummett to classical logic by showing how a semantical anti-realist can justify classical inferen…Read more
  • Philosophy in Mind
    with John O'leary-Hawthorne
    Philosophical Quarterly 47 (188): 386-389. 1997.