• There is an ongoing debate in the philosophical literature whether the conditionals that are central to deliberation are subjunctive or indicative conditionals and, if the latter, what semantics of the indicative conditional is compatible with the role that conditionals play in deliberation. We propose a possible-world semantics where conditionals of the form “if I take action a the outcome will be x” are interpreted as material conditionals. The proposed framework is illustrated with familiar e…Read more
  • This review essay of Economics Rules situates Dani Rodrik’s contribution with respect to the 2007–2008 global economic crisis. This financial meltdown, which the eurozone did not fully recover from before the Covid-19 pandemic, led to soul- searching among economists as well as a call for heterodox economic approaches. Yet, over the past decade, instead the economics profession has maintained its orthodoxy. Rodrik’s Economics Rules offers a critique of the economics profession that is castigatin…Read more
  • Is Frequent Service-Learning a Too-Much-of-a-Good-Thing Effect?
    Omid Sabbaghi, Gerald F. Cavanagh, and J. Timothy Hipskind
    Business and Professional Ethics Journal 38 (1): 79-110. 2019.
    In this study, we investigate the impact of frequent service learning on the emotional, personal development, and leadership characteristics of business students at a Catholic university in the United States. We examine the aforementioned impact of frequent service learning through a novel panel data set provided by the University’s Institute for Leadership and Service, ranging from the years 2008 through 2015. Specifically, we conduct an empirical analysis across the emotional, personal develop…Read more
  • Using Principles of Catholic Social Thought to Evaluate Business Activities
    Gerald F. Cavanagh, Jeanne M. David, and Simon J. Hendry
    Journal of Catholic Social Thought 10 (1): 155-177. 2013.
  • Jesuit, Catholic, and Green: Evidence from Loyola University Chicago
    Omid Sabbaghi and Gerald F. Cavanagh
    Journal of Business Ethics 127 (2): 317-326. 2015.
    In this article, we investigate the relationship between religion, spirituality, and sustainability ethics. We focus on the sustainability efforts and channels that a Catholic Jesuit university employs in defining sustainability for business education and the global community through a consideration of the themes of social justice and the value of life. Specifically, we examine the model embraced by Loyola University Chicago , which promotes sustainability ethics and initiatives through their ca…Read more
  • Teaching with mission: Personal development, team building, and social responsibility (review)
    Mary Ann Hazen, Gerald F. S. J. Cavanagh, and Larry Bossman
    Journal of Business Ethics 51 (4): 373-386. 2004.
    An innovative gateway MBA course, Personal Development and Social Responsibility, is the focus of this paper. We describe the course and show how it is related intimately to the missions and traditions of our university and college; various themes are integrated; and our interactions as developers of and instructors for the course mirror some of the issues addressed in it. We include an evaluation of the efficacy of the course, based on student course and self evaluations. We do not write with t…Read more
  • Special Issue: "Business Ethics in a Global Economy"
    Gerald F. Cavanagh
    Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (4): 625-642. 2004.
    :Three strategies for developing just and consistent global business practices are examined: 1) international treaties and agreements, 2) global codes of business conduct, and 3) voluntary self-restraint. International agreements investigated are: NAFTA, Global Warming Treaty, OECD Anti-Bribery Treaty and Infant Formula Agreement. The codes examined are the Caux Round Table’sPrinciples for Business, The Global Sullivan Principlesand The United NationsGlobal Compact with Business. Each of these t…Read more
  • The importance of ethics to job performance: An empirical investigation of managers' perceptions (review)
    Ralph A. Mortensen, Jack E. Smith, and Gerald F. Cavanagh
    Journal of Business Ethics 8 (4). 1989.
    This study probed a crucial assumption underlying much of the ethics theory and research: do managers perceive ethical behavior to be an important personal job requirement? A large sample of managers from a cross-section of industries and job functions indicated that, compared to other job duties, certain ethical behaviors were moderate to somewhat major parts of their jobs. Some noteworthy differences by industry, organization size, tenure and job function were also found. These findings unders…Read more
  • Global Business Ethics: Regulation, Code, or Self-Restraint
    Gerald F. Cavanagh
    Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (4): 625-642. 2004.
    Three strategies for developing just and consistent global business practices are examined: 1) international treaties and agreements, 2) global codes of business conduct, and 3) voluntary self-restraint. International agreements investigated are: NAFTA, Global Warming Treaty, OECD Anti-Bribery Treaty and Infant Formula Agreement. The codes examined are the Caux Round Table’s Principles for Business, The Global Sullivan Principles and The United Nations Global Compact with Business. Each of these…Read more
  • American Business Values: A Global Perspective
    Gerald F. Cavanagh
    Pearson/Prentice Hall. 2006.
    A free markets needs ethical norms -- Moral maturity -- Ethics in business -- History of business values -- Factories, immigrants, and wealth -- Critics of capitalism -- Personal values and the firm -- Leaders, trust and watchdogs -- Globalization's impact on American values -- Future business values and sustainability.
  • Making Business Ethics Practical
    Gerald F. Cavanagh, Dennis J. Moberg, and Manuel Velasquez
    Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (3): 399-418. 1995.
    Our critics confuse the role normative ethical theory can take in business ethics. We argue that as a practical discipline, business ethics must focus on norms, not the theories from which the norms derive. It is true that our original work is defective, but not in its form, but in its neglect of contemporary advances in feminist ethics
  • Virtue as a benchmark for spirituality in business
    Gerald F. Cavanagh and Mark R. Bandsuch
    Journal of Business Ethics 38 (1-2). 2002.
    Business people often consider spirituality a means of increasing integrity, motivation and job satisfaction. Yet certain spiritualities are superficial and unstable. Religion gives depth and duration to a spirituality, but may also sew divisiveness. A spirituality's ability to develop good moral habits provides a positive test of the "appropriateness" of that spirituality for business. Many successful business executives demonstrate a spirituality that does develop good moral habits.
  • Powerlessness and Personalization
    Victoria I. Burke and Robin D. Burke
    International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2): 319-343. 2019.
    Is privacy the key ethical issue of the internet age? This coauthored essay argues that even if all of a user’s privacy concerns were met through secure communication and computation, there are still ethical problems with personalized information systems. Our objective is to show how computer-mediated life generates what Ernesto Laclou and Chantal Mouffe call an “atypical form of social struggle”. Laclau and Mouffe develop a politics of contingent identity and transient articulation (or social i…Read more
  • Torture
    International Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2): 305-314. 2009.
    This paper offers a phenomenological description of torture that delves beneath its mere physical effect on the human body, in order to demonstrate that bodily pain is only one dimension of the experiential structure of torture. In fact, this paper’s central claim is that torture is better understood as a radical ontological violation of a lived world through the body. This claim is supported through Merleau-Ponty’s theory of the embodied subject. The main purpose of this paper is to show that n…Read more
  • Luxury and Public Happiness in the Italian Englightment
    Till Wahnbaeck
    Oxford University Press UK. 2004.
    This work charts the development of political economy in eighteenth-century Italy, and it argues that the focus on economic thought is characteristic of the Italian enlightenment at large. Through an analysis of the debate about luxury, it traces the shaping of a new language of political economy which was inspired by, and contributed to, European debate, but which offered solutions that were as much shaped by intellectual traditions and socio-economic circumstances as by French or Scottish prec…Read more
  • The Search after Truth
    Nicholas Malebranche, Thomas M. Lennon, and Paul J. Olscamp
    Philosophy of Science 49 (1): 146-147. 1982.
  • This article provides an overview of the contributions to philosophy of Nigerian philosopher Sophie Bọ´sẹ`dé Olúwọlé. The first woman to earn a philosophy PhD in Nigeria, Olúwọlé headed the Department of Philosophy at the University of Lagos before retiring to found and run the Centre for African Culture and Development. She devoted her career to studying Yoruba philosophy, translating the ancient Yoruba Ifá canon, which embodies the teachings of Orunmila, a philosopher revered as an Óríṣá in th…Read more
  • Global Error and Legal Truth
    Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 29 (3): 535-547. 2009.
    One standard criterion for there being objectivity in an area of discourse is that there is conceptual space between what someone thinks to be the case and what actually is the case. That is, participants can be mistaken. This article explores one aspect of the objectivity debate as regards law: does it make sense to say that all legal officials or practitioners in a jurisdiction are mistaken (over a significant period of time) about some legal proposition? The possibility of legal error is impo…Read more
  • The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence & Philosophy of Law (edited book)
    Jules Coleman and Scott Shapiro
    Oxford University Press. 2002.
    One of the first volumes in the new series of prestigious Oxford Handbooks, The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law brings together specially commissioned essays by twenty-six of the foremost legal theorists currently writing, to provide a state of the art overview of jurisprudential scholarship.
  • Natural Law: The Modern Tradition
    Brian Bix
    In Jules Coleman & Scott J. Shapiro (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence & Philosophy of Law, Oxford University Press. 2002.
  • Natural Law, Economics and the Common Good
    Samuel Gregg and Harold James
    Imprint Academic. 2012.
    In the wake of the financial crisis of 2008 and ongoing debt-related troubles there have been widespread calls to put banking and economic activity on a secure ethical foundation, either by regulation or through voluntary reform. In this volume a distinguished set of authors explore various economic, philosophical, and ethical ideas from historical, contemporary, and future-looking perspectives. At the core are two related ideas much mentioned but far more rarely examined: the idea of natural la…Read more
  • An adequate moral psychology of obligation must bear in mind that although the “sense of obligation” is psychological, what it is a sense of, moral obligation itself, is not. It is irreducibly normative. I argue, therefore, that the “we” whose demands the sense of obligation presupposes must be an ideal rather than an actual “we.”
  • Jurisprudence: Theory and Context, 5th ed.
    Sweet & Maxwell (UK) and Carolina Academic Press (US). 2009.
  • The Meaning of Conservatism
    St. Augustine's Press. 2014.
  • This textbook is a flexible and affordable collection of classic and contemporary primary sources in philosophy. The readings cover seven basic topics of Western Philosophy. The selections are long enough to present a self-contained argument but not so lengthy that students lose track of the main point. Each reading has an outline with study questions, questions for reflection and discussion, and an annotated bibliography. The book includes a glossary and an appendix on logic and argumentation.