• Understanding the Creative Mind: a review of Margaret Boden's creative mind (review)
    with Ashwin Ram, Linda Wills, Eric Domeshek, and Janet Kolodner
    Artificial Intelligence 79 (1): 111-128. 1995.
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    Empirical Philosophy of Science: Introducing Qualitative Methods into Philosophy of Science (edited book)
    with Hanne Andersen and Susann Wagenknecht
    Springer International Publishing. 2015.
    The book examines the emerging approach of using qualitative methods, such as interviews and field observations, in the philosophy of science. Qualitative methods are gaining popularity among philosophers of science as more and more scholars are resorting to empirical work in their study of scientific practices. At the same time, the results produced through empirical work are quite different from those gained through the kind of introspective conceptual analysis more typical of philosophy. This…Read more
  •  10
    Relocating the History of Science (edited book)
    with Ana Simões, Jürgen Renn, and Theodore Arabatzis
    Springer Verlag. 2015.
    In 1877 Louis Paul Cailletet in France and Raoul Pictet in Switzerland liquefied oxygen in the form of a mist. The liquefaction of the first of the so-called permanent gases heralded the birth of low-temperature research and is often described in the literature as having started a ‘race’ for attaining progressively lower temperatures. In fact, between 1877 and 1908, when helium, the last of the permanent gases, was liquefied, there were many priority disputes—something quite characteristic of th…Read more
  • Prolegomena to an Empirical Philosophy of Science
    with Lisa Osbeck
    In Hanne Andersen, Nancy J. Nersessian & Susann Wagenknecht (eds.), Empirical Philosophy of Science, Springer Verlag. 2015.
  •  1
    Mesoscopic modeling as a cognitive strategy for handling complex biological systems
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 78 101201. 2019.
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    The paper frames interdisciplinary research as creating complex, distributed cognitive-cultural systems. It introduces and elaborates on the method of cognitive ethnography as a primary means for investigating interdisciplinary cognitive and learning practices in situ. The analysis draws from findings of nearly 20 years of investigating such practices in research laboratories in pioneering bioengineering sciences. It examines goals and challenges of two quite different kinds of integrative probl…Read more
  •  221
    Computational systems biologists create and manipulate computational models of biological systems, but they do not always have straightforward epistemic access to the content and behavioural profile of such models because of their length, coding idiosyncrasies, and formal complexity. This creates difficulties both for modellers in their research groups and for their bioscience collaborators who rely on these models. In this paper we introduce a new kind of visualization that was developed to add…Read more
  •  9
    What Has History to Do with Cognition? Interactive Methods for Studying Research Laboratories
    with Elke Kurz-Milcke and Wendy Newstetter
    Journal of Cognition and Culture 4 (3-4): 663-700. 2004.
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    Modern integrative systems biology defines itself by the complexity of the problems it takes on through computational modeling and simulation. However in integrative systems biology computers do not solve problems alone. Problem solving depends as ever on human cognitive resources. Current philosophical accounts hint at their importance, but it remains to be understood what roles human cognition plays in computational modeling. In this paper we focus on practices through which modelers in system…Read more
  •  12
    Building computational models of engineered exemplars, or prototypes, is a common practice in the bioengineering sciences. Computational models in this domain are often built in a patchwork fashion, drawing on data and bits of theory from many different domains, and in tandem with actual physical models, as the key objective is to engineer these prototypes of natural phenomena. Interestingly, such patchy model building, often combined with visualizations, whose format is open to a wide range of …Read more
  •  21
    Epistemic Identities in Interdisciplinary Science
    with Lisa M. Osbeck
    Perspectives on Science 25 (2): 226-260. 2017.
    Confronting any science studies or learning sciences researcher in the 21st century is the reality of interdisciplinary science. New hybrid fields1 collaboratively build new concepts, combine models from two or more disciplines and forge inter-reliant relationships among specialists with different skill sets to solve new problems. This paper emerges from our recognition that inescapable psychological factors, including identity dynamics, must be described and analyzed in order to better understa…Read more
  •  4
    Promoting Model-based Reasoning in Problem-based Learning
    with Wendy Newstetter and Sun Yanlong
  •  6
    Laboratory Learning: Cognitive and Learning Practices in University Research Laboratories
    with Alac Morana, James G. Greeno, Edwin Hutchins, Natasha Myers, and Wendy Newstetter
  • Faraday to Einstein: Constructing Meaning in Scientific Theories
    British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (4): 575-577. 1987.
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    Aether/Or: The Creation of Scientific Concepts
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 15 (3): 175. 1984.
  •  22
    Interdisciplinary problem- solving: emerging modes in integrative systems biology
    European Journal for Philosophy of Science 6 (3): 401-418. 2016.
    Integrative systems biology is an emerging field that attempts to integrate computation, applied mathematics, engineering concepts and methods, and biological experimentation in order to model large-scale complex biochemical networks. The field is thus an important contemporary instance of an interdisciplinary approach to solving complex problems. Interdisciplinary science is a recent topic in the philosophy of science. Determining what is philosophically important and distinct about interdiscip…Read more
  •  9
    Abstraction via generic modeling in concept formation in science
    Mind and Society 3 (1): 129-154. 2002.
    Cases where analogy has played a significant role in the formation of a new scientific concept are well-documented. Yet, how is it that genuinely new representations can be constructed from existing representations? It is argued that the process of ‘generic modeling’ enables abstraction of features common to both the domain of the source of the analogy and of the target phenomena. The analysis focuses on James Clerk Maxwell's construction of the electromagnetic field concept. The mathematical re…Read more
  •  50
    Diversity as Asset
    with Andrea Bender and Sieghard Beller
    Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (4): 677-688. 2015.
    We begin our commentary by summarizing the commonalities and differences in cognitive phenomena across cultures, as found by the seven papers of this topic. We then assess the commonalities and differences in how our various authors have approached the study of cognitive diversity, and speculate on the need for, and potential of, cross-disciplinary collaboration
  •  6
    The Process of Science
    Erkenntnis 33 (1): 121-129. 1990.
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    Building Cognition: The Construction of Computational Representations for Scientific Discovery
    with Sanjay Chandrasekharan
    Cognitive Science 39 (8): 1727-1763. 2015.
    Novel computational representations, such as simulation models of complex systems and video games for scientific discovery, are dramatically changing the way discoveries emerge in science and engineering. The cognitive roles played by such computational representations in discovery are not well understood. We present a theoretical analysis of the cognitive roles such representations play, based on an ethnographic study of the building of computational models in a systems biology laboratory. Spec…Read more
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    Modeling systems-level dynamics: Understanding without mechanistic explanation in integrative systems biology
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 49 1-11. 2015.