• Iz desne perspektive (edited book)
    Večernji list. 2013.
  •  1180
    The Curious Case of the Double Dissident
    In T. Allan Hillman & Tully Borland (eds.), Dissident Philosophers: Voices Against the Political Current of the Academy, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 229-246. 2021.
  •  5255
    Kant Can’t Get No... Contradiction
    Philosophia (5): 1-18. 2020.
    According to Kant, the universalization of the maxim of false promising leads to a contradiction, namely, to everyone adopting the maxim of false promising which would in effect make promising impossible. I first propose a reconstruction of Kant’s reasoning in four steps and then show that each of these steps is highly problematic. In the second part I argue that attempts by several prominent contemporary philosophers to defend Kant fail because they encounter similar difficulties.
  •  401
    The Mirage of a Space between Nature and Nurture (review)
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (4): 417-420. 2011.
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Volume 25, Issue 4, Page 417-420, December 2011
  •  830
    Avoid Certain Frustration—Or Maybe Not?
    Thought: A Journal of Philosophy. 2018.
    In the situation known as the “cable guy paradox” the expected utility principle and the “avoid certain frustration” principle (ACF) seem to give contradictory advice about what one should do. This article tries to resolve the paradox by presenting an example that weakens the grip of ACF: a modified version of the cable guy problem is introduced in which the choice dictated by ACF loses much of its intuitive appeal.
  •  1736
    The article focuses on prosecutor's fallacy and interrogator's fallacy, the two kinds of reasoning in inferring a suspect's guilt. The prosecutor's fallacy is a combination of two conditional probabilities that lead to unfortunate commission of error in the process due to the inclination of the prosecutor in the establishment of strong evidence that will indict the defendant. It provides a comprehensive discussion of Gerd Gigerenzer's discourse on a criminal case in Germany explaining the perils…Read more
  •  545
    In the first stage of his thinking Karl Marx founded his revolutionary politics on philosophical speculation, while in the second (mature) stage he relied on economics and the theory of exploitation based on his theory of surplus value. Marxism, however, developed in the opposite direction. After Marx's economic doctrine became vulnerable to powerful objections, Marxists tried to find a refuge in his early philosophical writings and in this way avoid refutation. Ultimately this attempt proved un…Read more
  •  43
    More attention perhaps could have been given to the implications of Aristotle’s repeated insistence that education should be relevant to the constitution, that democrats should be educated democratically and oligarchs oligarchically. Curren claims (p. 101) that, because education to preserve any constitution must aim to moderate the constitution, education for both oligarchs and democrats will be essentially the same. Certainly, Aristotle believes that oligarchies and democracies will be more se…Read more
  •  5485
    Racial profiling has come under intense public scrutiny especially since the rise of the Black Lives Matter movement. This article discusses two questions: whether racial profiling is sometimes rational, and whether it can be morally permissible. It is argued that under certain circumstances the affirmative answer to both questions is justified.
  •  700
    Confusions about Race: A New Installment
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (3): 287-293. 2013.
    In his criticism of my paper on the concept of race (Sesardic, 2010), Adam Hochman raises many issues that deserve further clarification. First, I will comment on Hochman’s claim that I attack a straw man version of racial constructionism. Second, I will try to correct what I see as a distorted historical picture of the debate between racial naturalists and racial constructionists. Third, I will point out the main weaknesses in Hochman’s own defense of constructionism about race. And fourth, I w…Read more
  •  52
    Wittgenstein Without Tears
    Philosophy Now 83 54-54. 2011.
  •  3560
    Race: A Social Destruction of a Biological Concept
    Biology and Philosophy 25 (2): 143-162. 2010.
    It is nowadays a dominant opinion in a number of disciplines (anthropology, genetics, psychology, philosophy of science) that the taxonomy of human races does not make much biological sense. My aim is to challenge the arguments that are usually thought to invalidate the biological concept of race. I will try to show that the way “race” was defined by biologists several decades ago (by Dobzhansky and others) is in no way discredited by conceptual criticisms that are now fashionable and widely reg…Read more
  •  36
    Making Sense of Heritability
    Cambridge University Press. 2005.
    In this book, Neven Sesardic defends the view that it is both possible and useful to measure the separate contributions of heredity and environment to the explanation of human psychological differences. He critically examines the view - very widely accepted by scientists, social scientists and philosophers of science - that heritability estimates have no causal implications and are devoid of any interest. In a series of clearly written chapters he introduces the reader to the problems and subjec…Read more
  •  103
    My aim in this paper is to take a closer look at an influential argument that purports to prove that the existence of cultural prohibitions could never be explained by biological inhibitions. The argument is two-pronged. The first prong reduces to the claim: inhibitions cannot cause prohibitions simply because inhibitions undermine the raison dêtre of prohibitions. The second strategy consists in arguing that inhibitions cannot cause prohibitions because the two differ importantly in their conte…Read more
  •  14
    This article reviews the book "Modeling Rationality, Morality and Evolution" edited by Peter Danielson.
  •  29
    Synthetic Philosophy: A Manifesto
    Philosophy Now 98 30-30. 2013.
  •  192
    Philosophy of Science that Ignores Science: Race, IQ and Heritability
    Philosophy of Science 67 (4): 580-602. 2000.
    Philosophers of science widely believe that the hereditarian theory about racial differences in IQ is based on methodological mistakes and confusions involving the concept of heritability. I argue that this "received view" is wrong: methodological criticisms popular among philosophers are seriously misconceived, and the discussion in philosophy of science about these matters is largely disconnected from the real, empirically complex issues debated in science
  •  81
    Heritability and Causality
    Philosophy of Science 60 (3): 396-418. 1993.
    The critics of "hereditarianism" often claim that any attempt to explain human behavior by invoking genes is confronted with insurmountable methodological difficulties. They reject the idea that heritability estimates could lead to genetic explanations by pointing out that these estimates are strictly valid only for a given population and that they are exposed to the irremovable confounding effects of genotype-environment interaction and genotype-environment correlation. I argue that these diffi…Read more
  •  41
    Crossing the 'Explanatory Divide': A Bridge to Nowhere?
    International Journal of Epidemiology 44 1124-1127. 2015.
  •  550
    Nature, Nurture, and Politics
    Biology and Philosophy 25 (3): 433-436. 2010.
    Political imputations in science are notoriously a tricky business. I addressed this issue in the context of the nature–nurture debate in the penultimate chapter of my book Making Sense of Heritability (Cambridge U. P. 2005). Although the book mainly dealt with the logic of how one should think about heritability of psychological differences, it also discussed the role of politics in our efforts to understand the dynamics of that controversy. I first argued that if a scholar publicly defends a c…Read more
  •  62
    From genes to incest taboos
    In W. H. Durham & A. P. Wolf (ed.), Incest, Inbreeding, and the Incest Taboo: The State of Knowledge at the Turn of the Century, Stanford University Press. pp. 109-120. 2004.
  •  34
    The Mirage of a Space between Nature and Nurture (review)
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (4): 417-420. 2011.
    The article reviews the book "The Mirage of a Space Between Nature and Nurture," by Evelyn Fox Keller.
  •  48
    The Heritage of the Vienna Circle
    Grazer Philosophische Studien 9 (1): 121-129. 1979.
    This article presents a criticism of the widespread assumption that the programme of the Vienna Circle has been proven to be unrealizable and, therefore, that it is today quite uninteresting and to be entirely abandoned. The basic aim of logical positivists was to raise philosophy to the rigour and high standards of contemporary science. It must be admitted that they were unsuccessful in their attempts to eliminate old-fashioned and conservative philosophy by proving it to be senseless. There is…Read more
  •  23
    Psychology Without Principle of Charity
    Dialectica 40 (3): 229-240. 1986.
    SummaryIn this article I am criticizing Davidson's claim that psychological description and explanation are impossible without a strong assumption of rationality of the subject. I am trying to dispute his thesis that presupposition of coherence between propositional attitudes must be treated as a constitutive principle of psychology which fundamentally differentiates this science from physics and precludes the existence of strict psycho‐physical laws. Philosophical and empirical arguments are br…Read more
  •  88
    Heritability and indirect causation
    Philosophy of Science 70 (5): 1002-1014. 2003.
    Genetic differences can lead to phenotypic differences either directly or indirectly (via causing differences in external environments, which then affect phenotype). This possibility of genetic effects being mediated by environmental influences is often used by scientists and philosophers to argue that heritability is not a very helpful causal or explanatory notion. In this paper it is shown that these criticisms are based on serious misconceptions about methods of behavior genetics.