•  44
    Human Dignity and Human Rights
    Oxford University Press. 2018.
    Human dignity: social movements invoke it, several national constitutions enshrine it, and it features prominently in international human rights documents. But what is human dignity, why is it important, and what is its relationship to human rights? This book offers a sophisticated and comprehensive defence of the view that human dignity is the moral heart of human rights. First, it clarifies the network of concepts associated with dignity. Paramount within this network is a core notion of human…Read more
  •  25
    Facts, norms, and dignity
    Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 22 (1): 34-54. 2019.
  •  79
    A Broad Definition of Agential Power
    Journal of Political Power 11 (1): 79-92. 2018.
    Can we develop a definition of power that is satisfactorily determinate but also enables rather than foreclose important substantive debates about how power relations proceed and should proceed in social and political life? I present a broad definition of agential power that meets these desiderata. On this account, agents have power with respect to a certain outcome (including, inter alia, the shaping of certain social relations) to the extent that they can voluntarily determine whether that out…Read more
  •  21
    An intellectual laboratory for the democratic and cosmopolitan left
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (3): 329-330. 2017.
  •  246
    Kantian Dignity and Marxian Socialism
    Kantian Review 22 (4): 553-577. 2017.
    This paper offers an account of human dignity based on a discussion of Kant's moral and political philosophy and then shows its relevance for articulating and developing in a fresh way some normative dimensions of Marx’s critique of capitalism as involving exploitation, domination, and alienation, and the view of socialism as involving a combination of freedom and solidarity. What is advanced here is not Kant’s own conception of dignity, but an account that partly builds on that conception and p…Read more
  •  132
    Dignity at Work
    In Hugh Collins, Gillian Lester & Virginia Mantouvalou (eds.), Philosophical Foundations of Labour Law, Oxford University Press. pp. 68-86. 2018.
    This paper offers a justification of labor rights based on an interpretation of the idea of human dignity. According to the dignitarian approach, we have reason to organize social life in such a way that we respond appropriately to the valuable capacities of human beings that give rise to their dignity. That dignity is a deontic status in virtue of which people are owed certain forms of respect and concern. Dignity at work involves the treatment of people in accordance to the ideal of solidarist…Read more
  •  939
    Human Rights, Human Dignity, and Power
    In Rowan Cruft, Matthew Liao & Massimo Renzo (eds.), Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights, Oxford University Press. pp. 196-213. 2015.
    This paper explores the connections between human rights, human dignity, and power. The idea of human dignity is omnipresent in human rights discourse, but its meaning and point is not always clear. It is standardly used in two ways, to refer to a normative status of persons that makes their treatment in terms of human rights a proper response, and a social condition of persons in which their human rights are fulfilled. This paper pursues three tasks. First, it provides an analysis of the conten…Read more
  •  142
    Review of Gillian Brock, Global Justice (review)
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (3): 333-338. 2012.
  •  473
    Comparative Assessments of Justice, Political Feasibility, and Ideal Theory
    Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (1): 39-56. 2012.
    What should our theorizing about social justice aim at? Many political philosophers think that a crucial goal is to identify a perfectly just society. Amartya Sen disagrees. In The Idea of Justice, he argues that the proper goal of an inquiry about justice is to undertake comparative assessments of feasible social scenarios in order to identify reforms that involve justice-enhancement, or injustice-reduction, even if the results fall short of perfect justice. Sen calls this the “comparative …Read more
  • Comentario Bibliografico (review)
    Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 24 (1): 186-189. 1998.
  •  205
    Does Global Egalitarianism Provide an Impractical and Unattractive Ideal of Justice?
    with Christian Barry
    International Affairs 84 (5): 1025-1039. 2008.
    In his important new book National responsibility and global justice, David Miller presents a systematic challenge to existing theories of global justice. In particular, he argues that cosmopolitan egalitarianism must be rejected. Such views, Miller maintains, would place unacceptable burdens on the most productive political communities, undermine national self-determination, and disincentivize political communities from taking responsibility for their fate. They are also impracticable and quite…Read more
  •  132
    Ability and Volitional Incapacity
    Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 10 (3): 1-8. 2016.
    The conditional analysis of ability faces familiar counterexamples involving cases of volitional incapacity. An interesting response to the problem of volitional incapacity is to try to explain away the responses elicited by such counterexamples by distinguishing between what we are able to do and what we are able to bring ourselves to do. We argue that this error-theoretic response fails. Either it succeeds in solving the problem of volitional incapacity at the cost of making the conditional an…Read more
  •  27
    Solidarity, equality, and freedom in Pettit’s republicanism
    Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 18 (6): 644-651. 2015.
    This article discusses Pettit’s views of social justice and political legitimacy in On the People’s Terms. Although Pettit’s book presents a powerful account of the ideal of nondomination, this article probes some deficiencies regarding important questions about solidarity, equality, and feasibility.
  •  336
  •  55
    The substantive dimension of deliberative practical rationality
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 31 (2): 185-210. 2005.
    The aim of this paper is to propose a model for understanding the relation between substance and procedure in discourse ethics and deliberative democracy capable of answering the common charge that they involve an ‘empty formalism’. The expressive-elaboration model introduced here answers this concern by arguing that the deliberative practical rationality presupposed by discourse ethics and deliberative democracy involves the creation of a practical medium in which certain general basic ideas of…Read more
  •  82
    Is There a Human Right to Democracy? A Response to Joshua Cohen
    Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofía Política 1 (2): 1-37. 2012.
    Is democracy a human right? There is a growing consensus within international legal and political practice that the answer is “Yes.” However, some philosophers doubt that we should see democracy as a human right. In this paper I respond to the most systematic challenge presented so far, which was recently offered by Joshua Cohen. His challenge is directed to the view that democracy is a human right, not to the view that democracy is part of what justice demands. It is instructive because it forc…Read more
  •  69
    Response to my Critics
    Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 8 (2): 121-132. 2013.
  •  553
    Humanist and Political Perspectives on Human Rights
    Political Theory 39 (4): 439-467. 2011.
    This essay explores the relation between two perspectives on the nature of human rights. According to the "political" or "practical" perspective, human rights are claims that individuals have against certain institutional structures, in particular modern states, in virtue of interests they have in contexts that include them. According to the more traditional "humanist" or "naturalistic" perspective, human rights are pre-institutional claims that individuals have against all other individuals in …Read more
  • Comentario Bibliografico (review)
    Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 32 (1): 114-119. 2006.
  •  41
    Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy (review)
    with Roberto Gargarella
    Social Theory and Practice 34 (4): 640-647. 2008.
  •  1654
    Reflections on Human Rights and Power
    In Adam Etinson (ed.), Human Rights: Moral or Political?, Oxford University Press. pp. 375-399. 2018.
    Human rights are particularly relevant in contexts in which there are significant asymmetries of power, but where these asymmetries exist the human rights project turns out to be especially difficult to realize. The stronger can use their disproportionate power both to threaten others’ human rights and to frustrate attempts to secure their fulfillment. They may even monopolize the international discussion as to what human rights are and how they should be implemented. This paper explores this te…Read more
  •  419
    The duty to eradicate global poverty: Positive or negative?
    Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (5): 537-550. 2005.
    In World Poverty and Human Rights, Thomas Pogge argues that the global rich have a duty to eradicate severe poverty in the world. The novelty of Pogges approach is to present this demand as stemming from basic commands which are negative rather than positive in nature: the global rich have an obligation to eradicate the radical poverty of the global poor not because of a norm of beneficence asking them to help those in need when they can at little cost to themselves, but because of their having …Read more
  •  48
    Global Moral Egalitarianism and Global Distributive Egalitarianism
    Ethics and International Affairs 29 (3): 269-276. 2015.
    Michael Blake claims that liberal principles ground egalitarian distribution domestically but not globally. This paper raises some worries about these claims. It challenges the argument for domestic distributive equality based on a concern for autonomy, noting that a broader concern for wellbeing is required. And it suggests that a concern for everyone’s autonomy and wellbeing supports the progressive pursuit of global distributive equality rather than only the pursuit of global sufficiency.