•  83
    Reductive levels and multi-scale structure
    Synthese 165 (1). 2008.
    I discuss arguments about the relationship between different “levels” of explanation in the light of examples involving multi-scale analysis. I focus on arguments about causal competition between properties at different levels, such as Jaegwon Kim’s “supervenience argument.” A central feature of Kim’s argument is that higher-level properties can in general be identified with “micro-based” properties. I argue that explanations from multi-scale analysis give examples of explanations that are probl…Read more
  •  48
    Reviews (review)
    Philosophical Psychology 22 (1). 2009.
  •  25
    Emergent Expertise?
    Educational Philosophy and Theory 46 (6): 1-17. 2014.
    The concept of emergence appears in various places within the literature on expertise and expert practice. Here, I examine some of these applications of emergence in the light of two prominent accounts of emergence from the philosophy of science and philosophy of mind. I evaluate these accounts with respect to several specific contexts in which emergence seems to be an appropriate way of characterizing expertise in groups. While it is sometimes assumed that emergent phenomena are in some way ine…Read more
  •  23
    Brian Ellis, Scientific Essentialism (review)
    Philosophy in Review 22 (4): 269-271. 2002.
  •  22
    How embodied is cognition?
    with David D. Hutto
    The Philosophers' Magazine 68 77-83. 2015.
  •  8
    Tim Maudlin, The Metaphysics Within Physics Reviewed by (review)
    Philosophy in Review 28 (1): 54-56. 2008.
  •  1
    Philosophers and scientists often describe theories, laws, and explanations as applying to the world at different 'levels'. The idea of a 'level of application' is often used to demarcate disciplinary or sub-disciplinary boundaries in the sciences. For instance, stoichiometric laws and quantum mechanical laws might be said to describe chemical phenomena at different levels. More generally, the idea of levels is used to distinguish more fundamental laws or theories from less fundamental ones: mor…Read more