•  237
    The ethics of representation and action in virtual reality
    Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1): 5-14. 1999.
    This essay addresses ethical aspects of the design and use of virtual reality (VR) systems, focusing on the behavioral options made available in such systems and the manner in which reality is represented or simulated in them. An assessment is made of the morality of immoral behavior in virtual reality, and of the virtual modeling of such behavior. Thereafter, the ethical aspects of misrepresentation and biased representation in VR applications are discussed.
  •  190
    Method in computer ethics: Towards a multi-level interdisciplinary approach (review)
    Ethics and Information Technology 2 (2): 125-129. 2000.
    This essay considers methodological aspects ofcomputer ethics and argues for a multi-levelinterdisciplinary approach with a central role forwhat is called disclosive computer ethics. Disclosivecomputer ethics is concerned with the moraldeciphering of embedded values and norms in computersystems, applications and practices. In themethodology for computer ethics research proposed inthe essay, research takes place at three levels: thedisclosure level, in which ideally philosophers,computer scientis…Read more
  •  150
    Freedom and privacy in ambient intelligence
    Ethics and Information Technology 7 (3): 157-166. 2005.
    This paper analyzes ethical aspects of the new paradigm of Ambient Intelligence, which is a combination of Ubiquitous Computing and Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI’s). After an introduction to the approach, two key ethical dimensions will be analyzed: freedom and privacy. It is argued that Ambient Intelligence, though often designed to enhance freedom and control, has the potential to limit freedom and autonomy as well. Ambient Intelligence also harbors great privacy risks, and these are explor…Read more
  •  135
    The epistemology and ontology of human-computer interaction
    Minds and Machines 15 (3-4): 383-398. 2005.
    This paper analyzes epistemological and ontological dimensions of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) through an analysis of the functions of computer systems in relation to their users. It is argued that the primary relation between humans and computer systems has historically been epistemic: computers are used as information-processing and problem-solving tools that extend human cognition, thereby creating hybrid cognitive systems consisting of a human processor and an artificial processor that p…Read more
  •  130
    The technological construction of social power
    Social Epistemology 22 (1). 2008.
    This essay presents a theory of the role of technology in the distribution and exercise of social power. The paper studies how technical artefacts and systems are used to construct, maintain or strengthen power relations between agents, whether individuals or groups, and how their introduction and use in society differentially empowers and disempowers agents. The theory is developed in three steps. First, a definition of power is proposed, based on a careful discussion of opposing definitions of…Read more
  •  108
    Anticipating ethical issues in emerging IT
    Ethics and Information Technology 14 (4): 305-317. 2012.
    In this essay, a new approach to the ethics of emerging information technology will be presented, called anticipatory technology ethics (ATE). The ethics of emerging technology is the study of ethical issues at the R&D and introduction stage of technology development through anticipation of possible future devices, applications, and social consequences. In the essay, I will first locate emerging technology in the technology development cycle, after which I will consider ethical approaches to eme…Read more
  •  103
    Do we have moral duties towards information objects?
    Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3): 109-114. 2008.
    In this paper, a critique will be developed and an alternative proposed to Luciano Floridi’s approach to Information Ethics (IE). IE is a macroethical theory that is to both serve as a foundation for computer ethics and to guide our overall moral attitude towards the world. The central claims of IE are that everything that exists can be described as an information object, and that all information objects, qua information objects, have intrinsic value and are therefore deserving of moral respect.…Read more
  •  74
    Disclosive computer ethics
    Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 30 (4): 10-16. 2000.
    This essay provides a critique of mainstream computer ethics and argues for the importance of a complementary approach called disclosive computer ethics, which is concerned with the moral deciphering of embedded values and norms in computer systems, applications and practices. Also, four key values are proposed as starting points for disclosive studies in computer ethics: justice, autonomy, democracy and privacy. Finally, it is argued that research in disclosive computer ethics should be multi-l…Read more
  •  58
    Ethical aspects of facial recognition systems in public places
    Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 2 (2): 97-109. 2004.
  •  56
    New Media and the Quality of Life
    Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 3 (1): 4-18. 1997.
    In this paper I evaluate the implications of contemporary information and communication media for the quality of life, including both the new media from the digital revolution and the older media that remain in use. My evaluation of contemporary media proceeds in three parts. First I discuss the benefits of contemporary media, with special emphasis given to their immediate functional benefits. I then discuss four potential threats posed by contemporary media. In a final section I examine the fut…Read more
  •  53
    Editorial introduction – surveillance and privacy
    Ethics and Information Technology 7 (4): 183-184. 2005.
  •  35
    Worker autonomy and the drama of digital networks in organizations
    Journal of Business Ethics 22 (1). 1999.
    This essay considers the impact of digital networks in organizations on worker autonomy. Worker autonomy, the control that workers have over their own work situation, is claimed in this essay to be a key determinant for the quality of work, as well as an important moral goal. Digital networks pose significant threats to worker autonomy as well as opportunities for its enhancement. In this essay, the notion of worker autonomy is analyzed and evaluated for its importance and moral relevance. It is…Read more
  •  33
    Philosophy of Technology after the Empirical Turn
    Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 14 (1): 36-48. 2010.
  •  32
    Evaluating the social and cultural implications of the internet
    Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 35 (3): 1. 2005.
    Since the internet's breakthrough as a mass medium, it has become a topic of discussion because of its implications for society. At one extreme, one finds those who only see great benefits and consider the Internet a tool for freedom, commerce, connectivity, and other societal benefits. At the other extreme, one finds those who lament the harms and disadvantages of the Internet, and who consider it a grave danger to existing social structures and institutions, to culture, morality and human rela…Read more
  •  25
    Theorizing the Cultural Quality of New Media
    Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 11 (1): 2-18. 2007.
  •  16
    Social and ethical dimensions of computer‐mediated education
    Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 4 (2): 91-101. 2006.
  •  15
    Sustainable technology and the limits of ecological modernization
    Ludus Vitalis: Revista de Filosofia de Las Ciencias de la Vida= Journal of Philosophy of Life Sciences 7 (12): 153-170. 1999.
  •  13
    Ambient Intelligence and Problems with Inferring Desires from Behaviour
    with Johnny Harz Soraker
    International Review of Information Ethics 8 7-12. 2007.
    In this paper the authors argue that many of the ethical problems raised by Ambient Intelligence stems from presupposing a behaviourist conception of the relation between human desires and behaviour. Insofar as Ambient Intelligence systems take overt, natural behaviour as input, they are likely to suffer from many of the same problems that have fuelled the widespread criticism of behaviourist explanations of human behaviour. If these limitations of the technology are not sufficiently recognized,…Read more
  •  12
    Philosophy of technology: A time for maturation
    Metascience 6 (1): 91-104. 1997.
  •  11
    Evaluating the social and cultural implications of the internet
    Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 36 (3): 41-48. 2006.
    Since the Internet's breakthrough as a mass medium, it has become a topic of discussion because of its implications for society. At one extreme, one finds those who only see great benefits and consider the Internet a tool for freedom, commerce, connectivity, and other societal benefits. At the other extreme, one finds those who lament the harms and disadvantages of the Internet, and who consider it a grave danger to existing social structures and institutions, to culture, morality and human rela…Read more
  •  8
    Wetenschaps-en techniekfilosofie: does it take two to tango?
    Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 95 (3). 2003.
  •  4
    Human enhancement and personal identity
    In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Evan Selinger & Søren Riis (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Technology, Palgrave-macmillan. pp. 169--185. 2009.
  •  3
    Nieuwe media en het goede leven
    Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 99 (2): 132-139. 2007.
  •  2
    Section 4. Post-Durbin
    with Peter Kroes, Diane P. Michelfelder, and Sven Ove Hansson
    Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (4): 30-46. 2020.
  •  1
    Computer Ethics
    In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Stig Andur Pedersen & Vincent F. Hendricks (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology, Wiley-blackwell. 2012.
  •  1
    The Role of Cognitive Science in Epistemology and the Philosophy of Science
    Dissertation, University of California, San Diego. 1995.
    In this dissertation, it is investigated what role cognitive science is to play in a thoroughly naturalized epistemology and philosophy of science. The dissertation consists of four parts. In part I, the aim is to investigate what research questions and methods are valid in a naturalized approach to issues in epistemology and philosophy of science. This part contains a critical discussion of contemporary naturalistic approaches, in particular the cognitive approaches of Alvin Goldman, Paul Thaga…Read more