•  1463
    Republican Freedom and Contestatory Democratization
    In Ian Shapiro & Casiano Hacker-Cordon (eds.), Democracy's Value, Cambridge University Press. pp. 163-190. 1999.
  •  757
    During the past decade ethical theory has been in a lively state of development, and three basic approaches to ethics - Kantian ethics, consequentialism, and virtue ethics - have assumed positions of particular prominence
  •  677
    Freedom as antipower
    Ethics 106 (3): 576-604. 1996.
  •  599
    The Hard Problem of Responsibility
    In David Shoemaker (ed.), Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility, Vol. 1, Oxford University Press. 2013.
  •  511
    Varieties of Public Representation
    In Susan Stokes, Alexander Kirshner, Ian Shapiro & E. J. Wood (eds.), Political Representation, Cambridge University Press. pp. 61-89. 2010.
  •  505
    Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 1997.
    This is the first full-length presentation of a republican alternative to the liberal and communitarian theories that have dominated political philosophy in recent years. The latest addition to the acclaimed Oxford Political Theory series, Pettit's eloquent and compelling account opens with an examination of the traditional republican conception of freedom as non-domination, contrasting this with established negative and positive views of liberty. The first part of the book traces the rise and d…Read more
  •  480
    The Possibility of Aesthetic Realism
    In Eva Schaper (ed.), Pleasure, preference and value, Cambridge University Press. pp. 17-38. 1983.
  •  468
    Program explanation: A general perspective
    Analysis 50 (2): 107-17. 1990.
    Some properties are causally relevant for a certain effect, others are not. In this paper we describe a problem for our understanding of this notion and then offer a solution in terms of the notion of a program explanation
  •  462
    Group Agency and Supervenience
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (S1): 85-105. 2006.
    Can groups be rational agents over and above their individual members? We argue that group agents are distinguished by their capacity to mimic the way in which individual agents act and that this capacity must “supervene” on the group members’ contributions. But what is the nature of this supervenience relation? Focusing on group judgments, we argue that, for a group to be rational, its judgment on a particular proposition cannot generally be a function of the members’ individual judgments on th…Read more
  •  387
    Republican Political Theory
    In Andrew Vincent (ed.), Political Theory: Tradition and Diversity, Cambridge University Press. pp. 112-131. 1997.
  •  362
    A Brief History of Liberty--And Its Lessons
    Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 17 5-21. 2016.
  •  334
    Desire Beyond Belief
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (1): 77. 2004.
    David Lewis [1988; 1996] canvases an anti-Humean thesis about mental states: that the rational agent desires something to the extent that he or she believes it to be good. Lewis offers and refutes a decision-theoretic formulation of it, the 'Desire-as-Belief Thesis'. Other authors have since added further negative results in the spirit of Lewis's. We explore ways of being anti-Humean that evade all these negative results. We begin by providing background on evidential decision theory and on Lewi…Read more
  •  331
    Decision theory and folk psychology
    In Michael Bacharach & Susan Hurley (eds.), Essays in the Foundations of Decision Theory, Blackwell. pp. 147-175. 1991.
  •  327
    Deliberative Democracy and the Discursive Dilemma
    Philosophical Issues 11 (1): 268-299. 2001.
    Taken as a model for how groups should make collective judgments and decisions, the ideal of deliberative democracy is inherently ambiguous. Consider the idealised case where it is agreed on all sides that a certain conclusion should be endorsed if and only if certain premises are admitted. Does deliberative democracy recommend that members of the group debate the premises and then individually vote, in the light of that debate, on whether or not to support the conclusion? Or does it recommend t…Read more
  •  314
    Group agents have been represented as expressive fictions by those who treat ascriptions of agency to groups as metaphorical; as pragmatic fictions by those who think that the agency ascribed to groups belongs in the first place to a distinct individual or set of individuals; and as theoretical fictions by those who think that postulating group agents serves no indispensable role in our theory of the social world. This paper identifies, criticizes and rejects each of these views, defending a str…Read more
  •  311
  •  306
    Freedom and the State: Nanny or Nightwatchman?
    Public Health 129 (8): 1055-1060. 2015.
    There are two rival images often offered of the state. In one the state serves like a nanny to provide for the welfare of its members; in the other it requires people to look after themselves, providing only the service of a night-watchman. But this dichotomy, which is routinely invoked in debates about public health and welfare provision in general, is misleading. What the rival images turn on is not competing pictures of how the state should function in people's lives but competing pictures of…Read more
  •  299
    Criminalization in Republican Theory
    In R. A. Duff, Lindsay Farmer, S. E. Marshall, Massimo Renzo & Victor Tadros (eds.), Criminalization: The Political Morality of Criminal Law, Oxford University Press. pp. 132-150. 2014.
  •  299
    The Conversable, Responsible Corporation
    In Eric Orts & Craig Smith (eds.), The Moral Responsibility of Firms, Oxford University Press. pp. 15-35. 2017.
  •  277
    Three Mistakes About Democracy
    In Keith Breen & Allyn Fives (eds.), Philosophy and Political Engagement: Reflection in the Public Sphere, Palgrave. pp. 187-199. 2016.
  •  267
    Political realism meets civic republicanism
    Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (3): 331-347. 2017.
    The paper offers five desiderata on a realist normative theory of politics: that it should avoid moralism, deontologism, transcendentalism, utopianism, and vanguardism. These desiderata argue for a theory that begins from values rooted in a people’s experience; that avoids prescribing a collective deontological constraint; that makes the comparison of imperfect regimes possible; that takes feasibility and sustainability into account; and that makes room for the claims of democracy. The paper arg…Read more
  •  253
    Are companies, churches, and states genuine agents? Or are they just collections of individuals that give a misleading impression of unity? This question is important, since the answer dictates how we should explain the behaviour of these entities and whether we should treat them as responsible and accountable on the model of individual agents. Group Agency offers a new approach to that question and is relevant, therefore, to a range of fields from philosophy to law, politics, and the social sci…Read more
  •  249
    The Republican Law of Peoples: A Restatement
    In Barbara Buckinx, Jonathan Trejo-Mathys & Timothy Waligore (eds.), Domination and Global Political Justice, Routledge. 2015.
  •  245
    Existentialism, quietism, and the role of philosophy
    In Brian Leiter (ed.), The Future for Philosophy, Oxford University Press. pp. 304--327. 2004.
    In this essay I consider the question that divides quetism from existentialism and to defend a particular line on that question. The essay is in three main sections. In the first I set out a view of philosophy under which it grows out of reflection on the views that shape ordinary practice. In the second section I outline a theory as to how exactly practice commits us to such views. And then in the third section I argue on the basis of that account that, notwithstanding serious difficulties, phi…Read more
  •  240
  •  234
    This chapter sketches what is considered the best interpretation of physicalism, rehearses the best way of defending it, and shows that the physicalism forthcoming is still going to be less than fully satisfying; it is going to leave us short of the satisfaction that might be expected from a philosophical theory. The chapter is organized into three sections. The first section gives an interpretation of physicalism in the spirit of Frank Jackson's; this involves a rich version under which the way…Read more