•  160
    Plato and the Norms of Thought
    Mind 122 (485): 171-216. 2013.
    This paper argues for the presence in Plato’s work of a conception of thinking central to which is what I call the Transparency View. According to this view, in order for a subject to think of a given object, the subject must represent that object just as it is, without inaccuracy or distortion. I examine the ways in which this conception influences Plato’s epistemology and metaphysics and explore some ramifications for contemporary views about mental content
  •  107
    Truth as a value in Plato's republic
    Phronesis 54 (1): 9-39. 2009.
    To what extent is possession of truth considered a good thing in the Republic? Certain passages of the dialogue appear to regard truth as a universal good, but others are more circumspect about its value, recommending that truth be withheld on occasion and falsehood disseminated. I seek to resolve this tension by distinguishing two kinds of truths, which I label 'philosophical' and 'non-philosophical'. Philosophical truths, I argue, are considered unqualifiedly good to possess, whereas non-philo…Read more
  •  101
    Consistency and Akrasia in Plato's Protagoras
    Phronesis 47 (3): 224-252. 2002.
    Relatively little attention has been paid to Socrates' argument against akrasia in Plato's "Protagoras" as an example of Socratic method. Yet seen from this perspective the argument has some rather unusual features: in particular, the presence of an impersonal interlocutor ("the many") and the absence of the crisp and explicit argumentation that is typical of Socratic elenchus. I want to suggest that these features are problematic, considerably more so than has sometimes been supposed, and to of…Read more
  •  95
    What Kind of Hedonist was Epicurus?
    Phronesis 49 (4): 303-322. 2004.
    This paper addresses the question of whether or not Epicurus was a psychological hedonist. Did he, that is, hold that all human action, as a matter of fact, has pleasure as its goal? Or was he just an ethical hedonist, asserting merely that pleasure ought to be the goal of human action? I discuss a recent forceful attempt by John Cooper to answer the latter question in the affirmative, and argue that he fails to make his case. There is considerable evidence in favour of a psychological reading o…Read more
  •  71
    Socratic authority
    Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 90 (1): 1-38. 2008.
    This paper offers a critical examination of the notion of epistemic authority in Plato. In the Apology, Socrates claims a certain epistemic superiority over others, and it is easy to suppose that this might be explained in terms of third-person authority: Socrates knows the minds of others better than they know their own. Yet Socrates, as the text makes clear, is not the only one capable of getting the minds of others right. His epistemic edge is rather a matter of first-person authority: while …Read more
  •  63
    The Self in Plato's "Ion"
    Apeiron 30 (3). 1997.
  •  59
    Review. Cause and explanation in ancient greek thought. RJ Hankinson
    British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (3): 545-547. 2000.
  •  51
    A Shaggy Soul Story: How not to Read the Wax Tablet Model in Plato’s Theaetetus
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (3). 2004.
    This paper sets out to re-examine the famous Wax Tablet model in Plato's Theaetetus, in particular the section of it which appeals to the quality of individual souls' wax as an explanation of why some are more liable to make mistakes than others (194c-195a). This section has often been regarded as an ornamental flourish or a humorous appendage to the model's main explanatory business. Yet in their own appropriations both Aristotle and Locke treat the notion of variable wax quality as an importan…Read more
  •  31
    Colloquium 1: Misology and Truth
    Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 23 (1): 1-24. 2008.
  •  28
  •  26
    The coloration of aristotelian eye-jelly: A note on
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (3). 1999.
  •  23
    Review of George Rudebusch, Socrates (review)
    Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (4). 2010.
  •  21
    Pleasure and desire
    In James Warren (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Epicureanism, Cambridge University Press. pp. 158. 2009.
  •  20
    The Coloration of Aristotelian Eye-Jelly: A Note on On Dreams 459b-460a
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (3): 385-391. 1999.
  •  14
    Plato and the Hero: Courage, Manliness and the Impersonal Good
    Philosophical Review 111 (1): 95. 2002.
    The main title of this work is a little misleading. Hobbs does not begin to consider in any detail Plato’s relation to traditional Greek models of the hero until chapter 6, nearly two-thirds of the way through the book. In fact, Hobbs’s treatment of Plato’s re-working of the hero-figure is embedded in a nexus of themes revolving round the Greek virtue of andreia and its psychological basis in that part of the soul that Plato in the Republic calls the thumos. Commonly translated ‘spirit’, the ter…Read more
  •  14
    The School of Doubt: Skepticism, History and Politics in Cicero’s, written by Orazio Cappello
    International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 10 (2): 167-171. 2020.
  •  14
    Review of Dominic Scott, Plato's Meno (review)
    Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (10). 2006.
  •  13
    A Shaggy Soul Story: How not to Read the Wax Tablet Model in Plato’s Theaetetus
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (3): 573-604. 2004.
    This paper sets out to re-examine the famous Wax Tablet model in Plato’s Theaetetus, in particular the section of it which appeals to the quality of individual souls’ wax as an explanation of why some are more liable to make mistakes than others. This section has often been regarded as an ornamental flourish or a humorous appendage to the model’s main explanatory business. Yet in their own appropriations both Aristotle and Locke treat the notion of variable wax quality as an important part of th…Read more
  •  12
    Cicero and gyges
    Classical Quarterly 63 (2): 801-812. 2013.
    The tale of Gyges' ring narrated by Cicero at De officiis 3.38 is of course originally found, and acknowledged as such by Cicero, in Plato . I would like in this paper to address two questions about Cicero's handling of the tale – one historical, one philosophical. The purpose of the historical question is to evaluate, with respect to the Gyges narration, Cicero's quality as a reader of Plato. How well does Cicero understand the role of the story in its original Platonic context? The motivation …Read more
  •  11
    Plato and the hero: Courage, manliness and the impersonal good
    Philosophical Review 111 (1): 95-97. 2000.
  •  9
    The practice of a philosopher
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 26 97-129. 2004.