• Toward an Ethics for Being Educated
    The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 29 193-198. 1998.
    The regulative ideal of being educated is construed through features associated with the conduct and aspirations of faculty in higher education. These features include autonomy of mind and its presuppositions in self-knowledge and ability to inquire. These features as well cover having the identity of an educated person, implying evaluation of the products of the mind in logic and language, motivation to maintain an education, and the deep convictions and attitudes characteristic of the academic…Read more
  •  82
    Angelic machines: A philosophical dialogue (2)
    Ethics and Information Technology 2 (1): 11-17. 2000.
    Is machine autonomy the same as human autonomy? Answers to this question are developed inphilosophical dialogue. Becket Geist, a romanticphilosopher with scientific leanings, is irked by thearrogance of Fortran McCyborg – a Model 2000 cyborg. Nonette Naturski, a champion of naturalistic views,joins Becket in playing devil''s advocate by arguingthat Fortran''s actions are voluntary, not chosen byhim, and lacking the freedom caused by deliberatedesire. With the attempts to reduce Fortran''s status…Read more
  •  26
    Fiduciary Decision-Making Using Comfort Care
    Philosophy in the Contemporary World 10 (1): 81-86. 2003.
    Ethical fiduciaries in health care lack sufficient criteria for making ethical decisions. The authors introduce criteria from The Theory of Comfort as developed in the nursing literature. According to the theory, comfort is based in observation, measurable, and represents a nearly universal human need and interest. Use of the theory is illustrated through three case studies
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    Finding Art in the World
    Philosophy in the Contemporary World 22 (1): 91-103. 2015.
    The task of finding art in the world is presented as a tale of three dynamic forces that have shaped art in recent times. The first is expansion of the domain of art. This is reflected in linguistic change. The term "art" has grown enormously in sense and extension. The second force is the public's subjective response to art writ large. Our commercial culture compels reaction. The third force is the art world's active promotion of the expansion of art's domain and the contextualization of the pu…Read more
  • Human Obsolescence
    In Laura Duhan Kaplan (ed.), Philosophy and Everyday Life, Seven Bridges Press. pp. 152. 2001.
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    Dispensing with the generic sense of" art'
    Southwest Philosophical Studies 11. 1989.
    The question of whether the term ”art,” or art as an array of objects, can be defined depends upon the sense of “art” and its extension. The generic sense of “art” is its broadest meaning having its widest extension. I argue that the term is very much like the generic term “science.” Uses of both terms don’t depend upon rigorous definition. Rather, the terms organize an enormous number of varied and sometimes incompatible sub-categories. Most informative topics in art and science are under these…Read more
  •  224
    Loss of the world: A philosophical dialogue
    Ethics and Information Technology 2 (1): 3-9. 2000.
    Humanity has begun to move from the natural world intothe cyber world. Issues surrounding this mentalmigration are debated in philosophical dialogue. Thelead character is Becket Geist, a romantic philosopherwith views tempered by 20th century science. He openswith a monologue in which he argues that loss of theworld in exchange for the cyber world is dark andinevitable. His chief adversary is Fortran McCyborg,a cyborg with leanings toward Scottish philosophy. The moderating force is Nonette Natu…Read more