•  13
    Review of Thomas J. Oord, DEFINING LOVE and THE NATURE OF LOVE (review)
    American Journal of Theology 32 276-281. 2011.
    A summary and brief critique of Oord's books.
  •  11
    Review of Thomas J. Oord, The Uncontrolling Love of God (review)
    Process Studies 44 299-303. 2015.
    Summary and brief critique of Oord's book
  • Freedom, Responsibility and Obligation (review)
    Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 26 (1): 140-143. 1969.
  •  6
    Stephen H. Daniel's novel approach interprets the thought of Jonathan Edwards thorough semiotics, the theory of signs. He explicates the theory of signs that pervades Edwards' thought and associates it with elements of post-modernist semiotics in Foucault, Kristeva, and Peirce. He contends that Edwards himself developed a viable alternative to the classical-modern philosophical outlook by drawing explicitly upon the pre-modernist Renaissance propositional logic of Peter Ramus.
  •  40
    Conflicting Process Theodicies
    Process Studies 48 (1): 19-39. 2019.
    This article examines the process theodicies of David Ray Griffin and Philip Clayton. It explains their differences on such issues as God’s primordial power and voluntary self-limitation, creativity as an independent metaphysical principle that limits God, creation out of nothing or out of chaos, and God’s voluntary causal naturalism. Difficulties with their positions are discussed. The Clayton-Knapp “no-not-once” principle is explained, and a more comprehensive process theodicy is outlined.
  •  48
    Reasonableness, Murder, and Modern Science
    with Rem B. Edwards and Frank H. Marsh
    Phi Kappa Phi Journal 58 (1): 24-29. 1979.
    Originally titled “Is It Murder in Tennessee to Kill a Chimpanzee,” this article argues in some detail that typical legal definitions of “murder” as involving the intentional killing of “a reasonable being” would require classifying the intentional killing of chimpanzees as murder.
  •  66
    Abortion Rights: Why Conservatives are Wrong
    National Forum 69 (4): 19-24. 1989.
    Conservative opponents of abortion hold that from the moment of conception, developing fetuses have (or may have) full humanity or personhood that gives them a moral standing equal to that of postnatal human beings. To have moral standing is to be a recognized member of the human moral community, perhaps having moral duties to others or rights against them, at least as being the recipient of duties owed by others. Conservatives give neo-conceptuses full moral standing, including a right to life …Read more
  • Death and dying
    In Rem B. Edwards & G. C. Graber (eds.), Bioethics, . pp. 387-401. 1998.
    This is a textbook of articles in Medical Ethics
  • This is a textbook of articles on Medical Ethics
  •  100
    A Genuine Monotheism for Christians, Muslims, Jews, and All
    Journal of Ecumenical Studies 52 554-586. 2017.
    Today's conflicts between religions are grounded largely in historical injustices and grievances but partly in serious conceptual disagreements. This essay agrees with Miroslav Volf that a nontritheistic Christian account of the Trinity is highly desirable. Three traditional models of the Trinity are examined. In their pure, unmixed form, two of them should logically be acceptable to Jews, Muslims, and strict monotheists who regard Christianity as inherently tritheistic, despite lip service to o…Read more
  •  3
    John Wesley was an incredible person both in what he did and what he thought. Viewed against the background of the Christian scholars of his day and those who went before him, his thinking was immensely creative, insightful, and at times downright radical. From this book readers will learn more about what he thought than about what he did, but both are explored. Most Methodists know a little bit about what he did, but almost nothing about what he thought. When readers find out about them, they m…Read more
  •  40
    This book explores three easily recognized personality types of great spiritual significance--worldliness, ideology, and saintliness. These spiritual types are defined by the dominant values they manifest--extrinsic, systemic, or intrinsic. The thoughts, experiences, actions, feelings, and overall characters and behaviors of people belonging to these types are shaped and expressed by what and how they value, as the chapters in the book explain. A distinctive mode of spirituality is correlated wi…Read more
  • Freedom, Responsability and Obligation
    Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 163 219-220. 1969.
  •  167
    Was Jesus Ever Happy? How John Wesley Could Have Answered
    Wesleyan Theological Journal 52 (2017): 119-132. 2017.
    John Wesley did not directly address the question, but he could have answered "Yes'" to "Was Jesus Ever Happy?" given his understanding of "happiness." His eudaimonistic understanding of happiness was that it consists in renewing and actualizing the image of God within us, especially the image of love. More particularly, it consists in actually living a life of moral virtue, love included, of spiritual fulfillment, of joy or pleasure taken in loving God, others, and self, and in minimizing unnec…Read more
  •  667
    "John Wesley's Non-Literal Literalism and Hermeneutics of Love"
    Wesleyan Theological Journal 51 (2): 26-40. 2016.
    A thorough examination of John Wesley’s writings will show that he was not a biblical literalist or infallibilist, despite his own occasional suggestions to the contrary. His most important principles for interpreting the Bible were: We should take its words literally only if doing so is not absurd, in which case we should “look for a looser meaning;” and “No Scripture can mean that God is not love, or that his mercy is not over all his works.” Eleven instances of his not taking biblical texts l…Read more
  •  25
    The Works of Jonathan Edwards, Volume 14: Sermons and Discourses, 1723–1729 (review)
    Review of Metaphysics 52 (1): 140-142. 1998.
    This volume contains the editor’s informative “Preface to the Period”, the Quaestio that Edwards submitted in 1723 to complete his master’s degree at Yale, and 19 sermons. Some of the sermons were first preached during 1723 and 1724 in Bolton, Connecticut, but most were composed between 1726 and 1729 in Northampton, Massachusetts while Edwards was junior minister in the church of Solomon Stoddard, his grandfather; a few originated after Stoddard’s death in February, 1729, when Edwards became sol…Read more
  •  1
    What Caused the Big Bang?
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 53 (3): 189-193. 2003.
  •  106
    The Validity of Aquinas’ Third Way
    New Scholasticism 45 (1): 117-126. 1971.
    This article argues for the formal validity of and the truth of the premises and conclusion of a version of Aquinas' "Third Way" that says: If each of the parts of nature is contingent, the whole of nature is contingent. Each of the parts of nature is contingent. Therefore, the whole of nature is contingent--where "contingent" means having a cause and not existing self-sufficiently.
  •  24
    The Naturalness of Religious Ideas: A Cognitive Theory of Religion (review)
    Review of Metaphysics 49 (2): 400-401. 1995.
    Philosophers might be misled by the title of this book, particularly philosophers of religion. Although the author argues that some religious ideas are natural, he does not try to vindicate "natural religion" or "natural theology." Instead, he argues that some religious concepts are natural in that they depend on "noncultural constraints" like genetics and the effects of evolution on human brain development, and that these ideas are considered to be "perfectly obvious" and "self-evident" to thos…Read more
  •  1
    Religious Values and Valuations
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 53 (1): 57-60. 2003.
  •  197
    J. S. Mill and Robert Veatch’s Critique of Utilitarianism
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (2): 181-200. 1985.
    Modern bioethics is clearly dominated by deontologists who believe that we have some way of identifying morally correct and incorrect acts or rules besides taking account of their consequences. Robert M. Veatch is one of the most outspoken of those numerous modern medical ethicists who agree in rejecting all forms of teleological, utilitarian, or consequentialist ethical theories. This paper examines his critique of utilitarianism and shows that the utilitarianism of John Stuart Mill is either n…Read more
  • Bioethics (edited book)
    with G. C. Graber
    Harcourt, Wadsworth. 1988.
    This textbook in Medical Ethics covers most of the standard issues. Each chapter begins with detailed comments by the editors, followed by the best available articles on each topic covered.
  • A Return to Moral and Religious Philosophy in Early America
    Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 19 (1): 106-107. 1982.
  • Reason and Religion
    Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 1972.