•  170
    Husserl's transcendental-phenomenological reduction
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 20 (2): 238-245. 1959.
    The transcendental phenomenological reduction is described as the transition from thinking to reflection, Which involves a change of attitude. Schmitt elaborates what it means to "bracket the objective world" and to suspend judgement. The traditional distinction between thinking and reflection, Based on the distinction between what is inside and what is outside the mind, Is shown to be inadequate. Reflection really involves critical detachment, A neutral attitude and disinterestedness; it must d…Read more
  •  112
    Alienation and Freedom
    Westview Press. 2002.
    Drawing from existentialism, feminism, the thought of Karl Marx and novelists like Dostoevsky, Richard Schmitt looks at modern capitalist societies to understand what it is that might be wrong for individuals. His concern focuses specifically on those who are alienated-- those persons who have difficulty finding meaning in their lives, who lack confidence in themselves and trust in others and, finally, who are constantly distracted by consumer society. He explores how and why alienation occurs. …Read more
  •  35
    Heidegger’s Analysis of ‘Tool’
    The Monist 49 (1): 70-86. 1965.
    Calls for a rapprochement between analytic philosophy and phenomenology have lately been issued in England and America. It is not altogether clear what such calls intend. No one, I suspect asks for an attempt to restate, say, Austin’s views on language in Heideggerian jargon. More likely the unspoken hope is that, on the contrary, someone would enable analytic philosophers to understand what Husserl and Heidegger and some of the other phenomenologists have to say. This requires nothing less than…Read more
  •  34
    The Materialist Dialectic
    Science and Society 52 (4). 1988.
  •  32
    Hungarian Studies on Imre Lakatos
    Tradition and Discovery 34 (2): 51-53. 2007.
  •  31
    Beyond Separateness: The Social Nature of Human Beings—Their Autonomy, Knowledge, and Power
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (4): 989-992. 1998.
    This book examines in great detail the different aspects of dominant individualistic ideas about persons. It tries to argue that an alternative conception of persons, favored by many feminist thinkers, is more complicated than is often thought but can be shown to be a reasonable and plausible conception.
  •  28
    In Search of Phenomenology
    Review of Metaphysics 15 (3). 1962.
    The final two parts of the book survey the state of phenomenology in different parts of the globe today and attempt to characterize the main steps of the phenomenological method. In the back of the book there are two historical charts, a glossary, and an index of terms, as well as an index of names.
  •  27
    Alienation is the name of the deformations of human personality produced by capitalism and, specifically, by wage labor. The alienated are powerless. That inhibits their self-esteem, and takes from them the direction of their own lives and the choice of their life values. They become passive bystanders to existence, distrustful of their fellows and motivated by the desire for gain. The alienated tend to be timid, morally indifferent, and ready to support great evil. Appearances are all that matt…Read more
  •  26
    When the Day Comes, Will We Be Able to Construct a Socialist Democracy?
    Radical Philosophy Review 16 (3): 689-705. 2013.
    Many socialists agree that socialism must be democratic, in the political as well as in the economic arena. But socialist democracy is very different from democracy in a capitalist country. Socialist democracy, it is widely believed, will be participatory: everyone will be a full participant in all decisions affecting his or her life. In this paper I argue that this conception of socialist democracy needs a lot more work. Not all decisions can be made by everybody affected by a decision. Many de…Read more
  •  23
    An Introduction to Metaphysics
    Philosophical Review 69 (4): 553. 1960.
    Review of Martin Heidegger, An Introduction to Metaphysics.
  •  22
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty, II
    Review of Metaphysics 19 (4). 1966.
    This extension of the critique is intimately connected with the problems raised by Structure. Toward the end of that book it appeared that, since materialism is false, nature, considered as a system of physical objects connected causally, in some sense, exists only "for us." But it is immediately obvious that we use "for us" in an unfamiliar sense, when we say that. It is not being claimed that nature exists only for us in the sense in which, for instance, philosophers have said that secondary q…Read more
  •  21
    Sein und Zeit published by Martin Heidegger in 1929, conceals a number of important and interesting thoughts behind cryptic style and many neologisms. My book extracts some key theses from this hermetic text and provides arguments for them. (Heidegger does not argue.) It shows that a good philosopher hides behind this often perplexing text.
  •  21
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty, I
    Review of Metaphysics 19 (3): 493-516. 1966.
    The author argues that merleau-Ponty's conception of his task as a philosopher changed between "the structure of behavior" (1942) and "the phenomenology of perception" (1945) and that the latter is accordingly written in a nonscientific style susceptible of misinterpretation. Focusing first on the earlier work, He examines terminological confusions and logical difficulties in merleau-Ponty's critique of realism, And argues that the central concept of form is scientifically useless and philosophi…Read more
  •  21
    The Radical Philosophy Association
    Radical Philosophy Review of Books 1 (1): 2-2. 1990.
  •  20
    Can Heidegger be understood?
    Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 10 (1-4). 1967.
    Heidegger's writings are by many thought to be irretrievably obscure. This is not true of Sein und Zeit. In order to show this, I explain what Heidegger means by ?ontology?, ?preontological knowledge? and ?preontological mistake?. These explanations show that there is nothing in Heidegger's conception of his enterprise which makes it impossible that Sein und Zeit should be clear. Since the explanations require discussion of specific theses, I also show that Sein und Zeit is, at least in part, cl…Read more
  •  20
    Two Senses of "Knowing"
    Review of Metaphysics 18 (4). 1965.
    I shall call the sense in which we know about galaxies and about the past "theoretical knowledge" and the corresponding beliefs, "theoretical beliefs." It is widely accepted now that not all knowing is theoretical knowing, but what the distinction between theoretical and non-theoretical knowing consists in is not equally clear. It is not even clear that there are not different kinds of non-theoretical knowing. In this paper I shall clarify the distinction between theoretical knowing and at least…Read more
  •  19
    Living With Evil
    Social Theory and Practice 29 (4): 665-675. 2003.
  •  18
    Phenomenology and analysis
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 23 (1): 101-110. 1962.
  •  18
    Radical Philosophy
    Radical Philosophy Review of Books 10 (10): 1-6. 1994.
  •  18
    The paradox in Kierkegaard's religiousness a
    Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 8 (1-4). 1965.
    To be religious in the sense which Kierkegaard calls ?religiousness A? involves one, according to him, in a paradox. If we take the terms in which he describes this paradox in ordinary senses, it is not clear what this paradox consists of. If we take the terms in a technical sense, the description of being religious involves a paradox. But the paradox is of such a nature that it is now logically impossible that anyone should be religious. If we attach a slightly different meaning to Kierkegaard'…Read more
  •  18
  •  16
    How to use this book -- Freedom : possession or process? -- The citizen and the government -- Property and rights -- Democracy -- Why is freedom important?
  •  15
    Democracy and Market Socialism
    Radical Philosophy Review of Books 11 (11): 24-30. 1995.