•  228
    The Method of Philosophy: Making Distinctions
    Review of Metaphysics 51 (3). 1998.
    The Catholic University of America.
  •  150
    Husserl’s Discovery of Philosophical Discourse
    Husserl Studies 24 (3): 167-175. 2008.
    Husserl’s Idea of Phenomenology is his first systematic attempt to show how phenomenology differs from natural science and in particular psychology. He does this by the phenomenological reduction. One of his achievements is to show that the formal structures of intentionality are more akin to logic than to psychology. I claim that Husserl’s argument can be made more intuitive if we consider phenomenology to be the study of truth rather than knowledge, and if we see the reduction as primarily a m…Read more
  •  130
    7. Husserl's Concept of Categorial Intuition
    Philosophical Topics 12 (Supplement): 127-141. 1981.
  •  110
    Introduction to Phenomenology
    Cambridge University Press. 1999.
    This book presents the major philosophical doctrines of phenomenology in a clear, lively style with an abundance of examples. The book examines such phenomena as perception, pictures, imagination, memory, language, and reference, and shows how human thinking arises from experience. It also studies personal identity as established through time and discusses the nature of philosophy. In addition to providing a new interpretation of the correspondence theory of truth, the author also explains how p…Read more
  •  108
    In tracing the formation of Husserl's concept of constitution, we hope to further the understanding of what he considers a philosophical explanation. ...
  •  93
    Phenomenology of the Human Person
    Cambridge University Press. 2008.
    In this book, Robert Sokolowski argues that being a person means to be involved with truth. He shows that human reason is established by syntactic composition in language, pictures, and actions and that we understand things when they are presented to us through syntax. Sokolowski highlights the role of the spoken word in human reason and examines the bodily and neurological basis for human experience. Drawing on Husserl and Aristotle, as well as Aquinas and Henry James, Sokolowski here employs p…Read more
  •  89
    Phenomenology of Friendship
    Review of Metaphysics 55 (3). 2002.
    IN THIS ESSAY, WE WILL USE ARISTOTLE to bring out some important features of friendship and of moral action in general; we will show that friendship is the highest kind of moral excellence. We will then make use of phenomenology to determine the kinds of intelligence that provide the substance of both moral conduct and friendship. Moral action and friendship are defined by special kinds of rational form, and it will be our goal to describe these forms.
  •  74
    Transcendental Phenomenology
    The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 7 233-241. 2000.
    Transcendental phenomenology is the mind’s self-discovery in the presence of intelligible objects. I differentiate the phenomenological sense of “transcendental” from its scholastic and Kantian senses, and show how the transcendental dimension cannot be eliminated from human discourse. I try to clarify the difference between prephilosophical uses of reason and the phenomenological use, and I suggest that the method followed by transcendental phenomenology is the working out of strategic distinct…Read more
  •  69
    Matter, elements and substance in Aristotle
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 8 (3): 263-288. 1970.
  •  69
    Friendship and moral action in Aristotle
    Journal of Value Inquiry 35 (3): 355-369. 2001.
  •  58
    Intentional Analysis and the Noema
    Dialectica 38 (2, 3): 113-129. 1984.
  •  53
  •  47
    Making Distinctions
    Review of Metaphysics 32 (4). 1979.
    Distinctions are set in obscurity and imagination. Distinctions are not made anywhere and anytime, nor are they made in no place and at no time; they are made in a situation in which they are called for. Distinctions push against an obscurity that needs the distinction in question. In the story about Jack and the doctor, the obscurity against which the distinction is made is included as part of the story; in the quotation from Chaucer the obscurity that provides the setting for the distinction i…Read more
  •  46
    Visual Intelligence in Painting
    Review of Metaphysics 59 (2). 2005.
    Philosophers have long agreed that thinking is expressed in the use of language, that we “think in the medium of words.” It is also true, however, that we think in the medium of pictures, and it is likely that these two ways of thinking are interrelated; certainly, we could not think in pictures if we did not have words, and perhaps we could not use words, in principle, unless we were also engaged in some sort of picturing, at least in our imagination. An ideographic language like Chinese would …Read more
  •  42
    Exorcising concepts
    Review of Metaphysics 40 (3): 451-463. 1987.
    FERDINAND DE SAUSSURE says that a word is composed of two parts, a sound-image and a concept: "The linguistic sign unites not a thing and a name, but a concept and an acoustic image." The sound-image signifies the concept: the sound-image is the signifier, the concept is the signified. De Saussure is only one of a large company of thinkers who describe words in this way. Most philosophical and semiotic analyses of words claim that words have two components, a dimension of sounds and a dimension …Read more
  •  39
    Husserl on First Philosophy
    In Carlo Ierna, Hanne Jaccobs & Filip Mattens (eds.), PHILOSOPHY PHENOMENOLOGY SCIENCES, Springer. 2010.
  •  38
    The first part of this essay presents Patrick Masterson’s exposition of the phenomenology of religion developed by Jean-Luc Marion, and his exposition of the Thomistic philosophy of religion. Masterson argues that phenomenology can be helpful as an analysis of faith and religious experience, but it remains within subjective immanence. It needs to be complemented by a metaphysical analysis that deals with causation and explanation, as Thomism does. The essay then makes three points: first, that p…Read more
  •  30
  •  29
    Knowing Essentials
    Review of Metaphysics 47 (4). 1994.
    WE OFTEN USE PHRASES like, "knowing the essence of a thing" or "getting to the essence of a thing," but such expressions may be misleading and may provoke unfortunate epistemological problems. They suggest that we somehow extract an essence from the thing and make it, like a new thing, the target of our knowledge. They suggest a kind of vision, acquisition, or possession of the essence itself. If we have such a picture in mind when we speak of knowing an essence, many problems ensue that make us…Read more
  •  29
    The Question of Being
    Review of Metaphysics 43 (4). 1990.
    EVERYONE IS INVOLVED in the question of being in one way or another. When we ask someone how to change the oil in an automobile, or what the diameter of the moon is, or how numbers are different from numerals, we are asking about being. Such interrogations, whether addressed to others or addressed by ourselves to ourselves, are particular questions about beings. But when as metaphysicians we raise the question of being, we do not pursue just one more of these particular investigations. We ask a …Read more