•  205
    Mandatory Vaccination: An Unqualified Defence
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 35 (2): 381-398. 2018.
    The 2015 Disneyland outbreak of measles in the US unequivocally brought to light what had been brewing below the surface for a while: a slow but steady decline in vaccination rates resulting in a rising number of outbreaks. This can be traced back to an increasing public questioning of vaccines by an emerging anti-vaccination movement. This article argues that, in the face of diminishing vaccination rates, childhood vaccinations should not be seen as part of the domain of parental choice but, in…Read more
  •  196
    The Neutral State and the Mandatory Crucifix
    with Wibren van der Burg
    Religion and Human Rights 6 (3). 2011.
    In this article we present a conceptual overview of relevant interpretations of what state neutrality may imply; we suggest a distinction between inclusive neutrality and exclusive neutrality. This distinction provides a useful framework for understanding the several positions as presented by the parties in the Lautsi case. We conclude by suggesting a solution of the Lautsi case that might provide a more viable solution.
  •  136
    The aim of this article is to present a conceptualization of cultural groups and cultural difference that provides a middle course between the Scylla of essentialism and the Charybdis of reductionism. The method I employ is the social mechanism approach. I argue that cultural groups and cultural difference should be understood as the result of cognitive and social processes of categorization. I describe two such processes in particular: categorization by others and self- categorization. Categori…Read more
  •  134
    Collective responsibility and national responsibility
    Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (4): 465-483. 2008.
    In his recent book, National responsibility and global justice, David Miller conceptualizes and justifies a model of national responsibility. His conceptualization proceeds in two steps: he starts by developing two models of collective responsibility, the like?minded group model and the cooperative practice model. He then proceeds to discuss national responsibility, a species of collective responsibility, and argues that nations have features such that the two models of collective responsibility…Read more
  •  71
    Cosmopolitism, Global Justice and International Law
    The Leiden Journal of International Law 18 (4): 679-684. 2005.
    Along with the exploding attention to globalization, issues of global justice have become central elements in political philosophy. After decades in which debates were dominated by a state-centric paradigm, current debates in political philosophy also address issues of global inequality, global poverty, and the moral foundations of international law. As recent events have demonstrated, these issues also play an important role in the practice of international law. In fields such as peace and secu…Read more
  •  57
    Western Policies on Child Labor Abroad
    with Mijke Houwerzijl
    Ethics and International Affairs 20 (2): 193-218. 2006.
    Child labor evokes deep emotions and is cause for growing international concern. Most recent global estimates show that 186 million children are engaged in full time economic activity.
  •  38
    Reparations for luck egalitarians
    Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (3). 2006.
    Two of the most important theories in contemporary liberal egalitarianism are Ronald Dworkin’s equality of resources and Amartya Sen’s capability approach. Recently Dworkin has claimed that Sen’s capability approach does not provide a genuine alternative to equality of resources. In this article, we provide both an internal and an external critique of Dworkin’s claim. In the first part of the article we develop an internal critique by providing a detailed analysis of Dworkin’s claim. Andrew Will…Read more
  •  29
    Cosmopolitanism in Context: Perspectives from International Law and Political Theory (edited book)
    with Wouter Werner
    Cambridge University Press. 2010.
    Is it possible and desirable to translate the basic principles underlying cosmopolitanism as a moral standard into eff ective global institutions? Will the ideals of inclusiveness and equal moral concern for all survive the marriage between cosmopolitanism and institutional power? What are the eff ects of such bureaucratization of cosmopolitan ideals? Th is book examines the strained relationship between cosmopolitanism as a moral standard and the legal institutions in which cosmopolitan norms a…Read more
  •  21
    What Is Neutrality?
    with Wibren Van der Burg
    Ratio Juris 27 (4): 496-515. 2014.
    This paper reinvestigates the question of liberal neutrality. We contend that current liberal discussions have been dominated—if not hijacked—by one particular interpretation of what neutrality could imply: namely, exclusive neutrality, aiming to exclude religious and cultural expressions from the public sphere. We will argue that this is merely one among several relevant interpretations. To substantiate our claim, we will first elaborate upon inclusive neutrality by formulating two supplementar…Read more
  •  13
    Books in Review
    with Iris Marion Young
    Political Theory 30 (5): 751-759. 2002.
  •  13
    How should liberal-democratic governments deal with emerging vaccination hesitancy when that leads to the resurgence of diseases that for decades were under control? This article argues that vaccination policies should be justified in terms of a proper weighing of the rights of children to be protected against vaccine-preventable diseases and the rights of parents to raise their children in ways that they see fit. The argument starts from the concept of the ‘best interests of the child involved’…Read more
  •  11
    Towards a Right to Cultural Identity: A Review Essay
    The Leiden Journal of International Law 16 (3): 639-949. 2003.
  •  11
    Child Labor Abroad: Five Policy Options
    Philosophy & Public Policy Quarterly 24 (3): 9-13. 2004.
    Differences in socioeconomic and infrastructural elements among nations, differing conceptions about childhood, and the failure to distinguish between child work and child labor render a simple ban on child labor abroad idealistic and impractical.
  •  5
    Religious Freedom and the Threat of Jurisdictional Pluralism
    Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 44 (3): 165-168. 2015.
    status: published.
  •  4
    Books in Review
    Political Theory 32 (4): 585-589. 2004.
  •  3
    Introducing Routine Varicella Vaccination? Not so Fast!
    American Journal of Bioethics 20 (9): 65-67. 2020.
    Volume 20, Issue 9, September 2020, Page 65-67.
  •  3
    Group profiles, Equality, and the Power of Numbers
    In Anton Vedder (ed.), Ethics and the Internet, Intersentia. pp. 105--123. 2001.
  • Hoe nu verder? Over de politieke theorie in Nederland en Vlaanderen
    with Patrick Overeem and Tim Heysse
    Res Publica 56 (4): 529-541. 2014.
  • Review of B. Barry “Culture and Equality” (review)
    Political Theory 30 (5): 751-9. 2002.