•  1043
    Virtue theory and abortion
    Philosophy and Public Affairs 20 (3): 223-246. 1991.
  •  381
    Arational actions
    Journal of Philosophy 88 (2): 57-68. 1991.
    According to the standard account of actions and their explanations, intentional actions are actions done because the agent has a certain desire/belief pair that explains the action by rationalizing it. Any explanation of intentional action in terms of an appetite or occurrent emotion is hence assumed to be elliptical, implicitly appealing to some appropriate belief. In this paper, I challenge this assumption with respect to the " arational " actions of my title---a significant subset of the set…Read more
  •  312
    Human Nature and Aristotelian Virtue Ethics
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 70 169-188. 2012.
    Given that it relies on claims about human nature, has Aristotelian virtue ethics been undermined by evolutionary biology? There are at least four objections which are offered in support of the claim that this is so, and I argue that they all fail. The first two maintain that contemporary AVE relies on a concept of human nature which evolutionary biology has undercut and I show this is not so. In Part 2, I try to make it clear that Foot's Aristotelian ethical naturalism, often construed as purpo…Read more
  •  296
    Virtues and Reasons: Philippa Foot and Moral Theory: Essays in Honour of Philippa Foot (edited book)
    with Gavin Lawrence and Warren Quinn
    Oxford University Press. 1995.
    Philippa Foot is one of the most original and widely respected philosophers of our time; her work has exerted a lasting influence on the development of moral philosophy. In tribute to her, twelve leading philosophers from both sides of the Atlantic have contributed essays exploring the various topics in moral philosophy to which she has made a distinctive contribution--virtue ethics, naturalism, non-cognitivism, relativism, categorical requirements, and the role of rationality in morality.
  •  267
    In On Virtue Ethics I offered a criterion for a character trait's being a virtue according to which a virtuous character trait must conduce to, or at least not be inimical to, four ends, one of which is the continuance of the human species. I argue here that this does not commit me to homosexuality's being a vice, since homosexuality is not a character trait and hence not up for assessment as a virtue or a vice. Vegetarianism is not up for such assessment either, for the same reason, but, as a p…Read more
  •  231
    Practical wisdom: A mundane account
    Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (3). 2006.
    The prevailing accounts of Aristotle's view of practical wisdom pay little attention to all the intellectual capacities discussed in Nicomachean Ethics Book 6. They also contrast the phronimos with the wicked, the continent or the incontinent, rather than with those who have 'natural virtue' (innate or habituated), and thereby they neglect the importance of experience, through which those capacities are acquired. When we consider them, we can see what sort of experience is needed and hence what …Read more
  •  205
    Environmental virtue ethics
    In Rebecca L. Walker & Philip J. Ivanhoe (eds.), Environmental Ethics, Oxford University Press. pp. 155--172. 2007.
  •  202
    Virtue Ethics and the Treatment of Animals
    In Tom L. Beauchamp & R. G. Frey (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics, Oxford University Press. 2011.
  •  185
    Beginning Lives
    Noûs 26 (1): 134-137. 1992.
    In this text book Rosalind Hursthouse examines the complex questions surrounding the morality of abortion. Beginning by discussing the moral status of the foetus, she outlines and criticizes the main philosophical liberal positions on abortion, discussing alsl their bearing on the related issues of ifanticide, foetal research, surrogacy, murder and our treatment of animals. In place of the currently prevailing positions, the author offers a novel approach to these issues based on the recently re…Read more
  •  177
    Intention
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 46 83-. 2000.
    When I first read Intention as a student it seemed misnamed, since, I thought, it gave an account of intentional action all right, but left me still wondering what an intention was. It was only with years of rereading that I came to see that one beauty of the account was that it eliminated the need to ask.
  •  169
    Are virtues the proper starting point for morality?
    In James Lawrence Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory, Blackwell. pp. 99--112. 2006.
  •  164
    This introductory textbook is ideally suited to newcomers to philosophy and ethical problems. Rosalind Hursthouse carefully introduces the three standard approaches in current ethical theory: utilitarianism, rights, and virtue ethics. She links each chapter to readings from key exponents such as Peter Singer and Mary Midgley and asks students to think critically about these readings for themselves. Key features include clear activities and activities, chapter summaries and guides to further read…Read more
  •  149
    Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 20 35-53. 1986.
    Our understanding of the moral philosophy of Aristotle is hampered by a number of modern assumptions we make about the subject. For a start, we are accustomed to thinking about ethics or moral philosophy as being concerned with theoretical questions about actions—what makes an action right or wrong? Modern moral philosophy gives two different sorts of answers to this question. One is in terms of a substantial ethical theory—what makes an action right or wrong is whether it promotes the greatest …Read more
  •  144
    Virtue Ethics and Human Nature
    Hume Studies 25 (1/2): 67-82. 1999.
    Hume's disjunctive (useful or agreeable, etc.) account of the grounds of moral approbation of the virtues is wildly--and disastrously--different from the conjunctive account implied by the Aristotelian and Epicurean tradition. It seems that Hume often inclines towards the latter and, thereby, its reliance on the distinctions between the truly useful and agreeable and the merely apparently so, which, in that tradition, are discernible only by the _phronimos<D>. We may regard being the 'good criti…Read more
  •  132
  •  130
    IV—A False Doctrine of the Mean
    Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 81 (1): 57-72. 1981.
    Aristotle says that ethike arete, excellence of character, is a disposition in virtue of which we are well disposed in respect of feelings (pathe'). Feelings are said to be such things as appetites, emotions such as anger and fear, and, in general, all conditions that are attended by pleasure or pain. (II 05bI 9ff) Taken in isolation, this might sound as though Aristotle makes excellence of character a merely inner matter, but this is not so. Most feelings involve a desire to perform certain act…Read more
  •  111
    In "the principles of mathematics" russell accepts (a) that word meaning (e.G., That 'fido' means fido) is irrelevant to logic and (b) that such sentences as 'all men are mortal' do not express quantified propositions but are about things (in this case, The class of men). If we note these confusions, And also that (b), Though not (a) has been abandoned by 'on denoting', We see what denoting is and how russell relates to frege on sinn and bedautung
  •  69
    Plato on Commensurability and Desire
    Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 58 (1). 1984.
  •  63
    Fallacies and moral dilemmas
    Argumentation 9 (4): 617-632. 1995.
    The continuing debate between utilitarians and deontologists often takes the form of disagreement over how particular moral dilemmas are to be resolved, but protagonists on both sides tend to overlook the possibility of resolving a dilemma “with remainder”, such as regret. The importance of “remainder” is also overlooked by critics of some “absolutist” ways of resolving or slipping between the horns of certain moral dilemmas. Moreover, deontologists, if not utilitarians, can be criticised for ov…Read more
  •  54
    After Hume's Justice
    Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91. 1991.
  •  51
    On Virtue Ethics
    Oxford University Press. 1999.
    Virtue ethics is perhaps the most important development within late twentieth-century moral philosophy. Rosalind Hursthouse, who has made notable contributions to this development, here presents a full exposition and defense of her neo-Aristotelian version of virtue ethics. She shows how virtue ethics can provide guidance for action, illuminate moral dilemmas, and bring out the moral significance of the emotions
  •  49
    Discussing Dilemmas
    Christian Bioethics 14 (2): 141-150. 2008.
  •  48
    Virtue ethics
    Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2009.
    Virtue ethics is currently one of three major approaches in normative ethics. We begin by discussing two concepts that are central to all forms of virtue ethics, namely, virtue and practical wisdom. Then we note some of the features that distinguish different virtue ethical theories from one another before turning to objections that have been raised against virtue ethics and responses offered on its behalf. We conclude with a look at some of the directions in which future research might develo…Read more
  •  45
    Doctor‐assisted suicide: a commentary on Lesser
    Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2): 335-336. 2010.
  •  45
    Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics1: Rosalind Hursthouse
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 20 35-53. 1986.
    Our understanding of the moral philosophy of Aristotle is hampered by a number of modern assumptions we make about the subject. For a start, we are accustomed to thinking about ethics or moral philosophy as being concerned with theoretical questions about actions—what makes an action right or wrong? Modern moral philosophy gives two different sorts of answers to this question. One is in terms of a substantial ethical theory—what makes an action right or wrong is whether it promotes the greatest …Read more
  •  42
    Modern Views on Virtue Ethics
    with Carmen Dobre, G. E. M. Anscombe, Jeremy Bentham, Aristotle , Daniel Russell, Alasdair MacIntyre, and John and Mendus Susan Horton
    Sofia Philosophical Review 14 (1): 72-86. 2021.
    Abstract: This paper analyzes some influential ideas in virtue ethics. Alasdair MacIntyre, in his work After Virtue, and Elizabeth Anscombe, in his controversial essay “Modern Moral Philosophy”, brought fresh ideas into moral philosophy of their time changing views on contemporary morality. They strongly influenced moral philosophers who then followed their ideas. The two philosophers criticized contemporary moral philosophies such as emotivism, utilitarianism, deontology. Elizabeth Anscom…Read more