•  418
    Filial Obligation, Kant's Duty of Beneficence, and Need
    In James Humber & Robert Almeder (eds.), Care of the Aged, Springer. pp. 169-197. 2003.
    Do adult children have a particular duty, or set of duties, to their aging parents? What might the normative source and content of filial obligation be? This chapter examines Kant’s duty of beneficence in The Doctrine of Virtue and the Groundwork, suggesting that at its core, performance of filial duty occurs in response to the needs of aging parents. The duty of beneficence accounts for inevitable vulnerabilities that befall human rational beings and reveals moral agents as situated in communit…Read more
  •  375
    Feminist Ethics
    In Carol Hay (ed.), Philosophy: Feminism, Macmillan. pp. 189-213. 2017.
    This chapter begins by discussing what feminist ethics is and does through examination of a specific example of the spheres into which our lives are separated: the public and the private. After demonstrating how feminist ethicists critique, complicate, and expand the content and experiences of such categories, I characterize the overarching aims of feminist ethics as (1) critical and (2) creative. I then turn to major themes in feminist ethics, exploring four of them in depth: oppression, vulner…Read more
  •  343
    "Reconsidering Dignity Relationally"
    Ethics and Social Welfare 11 (2): 108-121. 2017.
    I reconsider the concept of dignity in several ways in this article. My primary aim is to move dignity in a more relational direction, drawing on care ethics to do so. After analyzing the power and perils of dignity and tracing its rhetorical, academic, and historical influence, I discuss three interventions that care ethics can make into the dignity discourse. The first intervention involves an understanding of the ways in which care can be dignifying. The second intervention examines whether t…Read more
  •  335
    Beyond Silence, Towards Refusal: The Epistemic Possibilities of #MeToo
    Apa Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy 19 (1): 12-16. 2019.
    There are many ways to understand the meanings of the #MeToo movement. Analyses of its significance have proliferated in popular media; some academic analyses have also recently appeared. Commentary on the philosophical and epistemic significance of the #MeToo movement has been less plentiful. The specific moment of the #MeToo movement in which Dr. Christine Blasey Ford’s testimony garnered a widespread social media response from sexual violence survivors highlighted the power of a particular fo…Read more
  •  301
    The Lived Experience of Doubling: Simone de Beauvoir's Phenomenology of Old Age
    In Wendy O'Brien & Lester Embree (eds.), The Existential Phenomenology of Simone de Beauvoir, Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 127-147. 2001.
    This essay demonstrates that Beauvoir's La Vieillesse is a phenomenological study of old age indebted to Husserl's phenomenology of the body. Beauvoir's depiction of the doubling in the lived experience of the elderly--a division between outsiders' awareness of the elderly's decline and the elderly's own inner understanding of old age--serves as a specific illustration of Beauvoir's particular method of description and analysis.
  •  287
    Cosmopolitan Care
    Ethics and Social Welfare 4 (2): 145-157. 2010.
    I develop the foundation for cosmopolitan care, an underexplored variety of moral cosmopolitanism. I begin by offering a characterization of contemporary cosmopolitanism from the justice tradition. Rather than discussing the political, economic or cultural aspects of cosmopolitanism, I instead address its moral dimensions. I then employ a feminist philosophical perspective to provide a critical evaluation of the moral foundations of cosmopolitan justice, with an eye toward demonstrating the need…Read more
  •  190
    Resisting Sexual Violence: What Empathy Offers
    In Wanda Teays (ed.), Analyzing Violence Against Women, Springer. pp. 63-77. 2019.
    The primary aim of this essay is to investigate modalities of resistance to sexual violence. It begins from the observation that the nature of what we understand ourselves to be resisting—that is, how we define the scope, content, and causes of sexual violence—will have profound implications for how we are able to resist. I critically engage one model of resistance to sexual violence: feminist philosophical scholarship on self-defense, highlighting several shortcomings in how the feminist self-d…Read more
  •  122
    Deontic Reasons and Distant Need
    Southwest Philosophy Review 24 (1): 61-70. 2008.
    A shocking number of people worldwide currently suffer from malnutrition, disease, violence, and poverty. Their difficult lives evidence the intractability and pervasiveness of global need. In this paper I draw on recent developments in metaethical and normative theory to reframe one aspect of the conversation regarding whether moral agents are required to respond to the needs of distant strangers. In contrast with recent treatments of the issue of global poverty, as found in the work of Peter S…Read more
  •  92
    Relational Ethics
    In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics, Wiley-blackwell. pp. 1-10. 2016.
    An overview of relational approaches to ethics, which contrast with individualist and holist ones, particularly as they feature in the Confucian, African, and feminist/care traditions.
  •  90
    Moral Injury and Relational Harm: Analyzing Rape in Darfur
    Journal of Social Philosophy 40 (4): 504-523. 2009.
    Rather than focusing on the legal and political questions that surround genocidal rape, in this paper I treat a vital area of inquiry that has received much less attention: the moral significance of genocidal rape. My aim is to augment existing moral accounts of rape in order to address the specific contexts of genocidal rape. I move beyond understanding rape primarily as a violation of an individual's interests or agential abilities. The account I offer builds on these approaches (as well as o…Read more
  •  85
    The Invisibility of Gender: A Feminist Commentary on Age-based Healthcare Rationing
    Journal of Philosophical Research 30 (S2): 263-274. 2005.
    It is fairly easy to charge intergenerational justice accounts that recommend a distribution of healthcare resources favoring the young as being ageist. Clearly, such policies strongly privilege the interests of one age group over those of another. In a time of tight resources, the elderly are to get the short end of the stick, though for reasons that some theorists believe are ethically justifiable. What is not as immediately clear, however, is the sexist nature of rationing healthcare resources…Read more
  •  62
    A Feminist Account of Global Responsibility
    Social Theory and Practice 37 (3): 391-412. 2011.
    Contemporary philosophical discourse on global responsibility has sustained a nearly unwavering focus on justice. In response, I investigate an underrepresented element in global justice discussions: insights from feminist philosophy, and more specifically, from the ethics of care. I assess current theories of cosmopolitanism, criticizing the shortcomings of cosmopolitan justice from the perspective of cosmopolitan care. Through the concepts of dependence, vulnerability, and need, I develop a fe…Read more
  •  57
    This text reconstructs the Kohlberg/Gilligan controversy between a male ethics of justice and a female ethics of care. Using Karl-Otto Apel's transcendental pragmatics, the author argues for a mediation between both models in terms of a reciprocal co-responsibility. Against this backdrop, she defends the circular procedure of an exclusively argumentative-reflexive justification of a normative ethics. From this it follows for feminist ethics that it cannot do without either of the two types of et…Read more
  •  54
    Need, Care and Obligation
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 57 137-160. 2005.
    All humans experience needs. At times needs cut deep, inhibiting persons’ abilities to act as agents in the world, to live in distinctly human ways, or to achieve life goals of significance to them. In considering such potentialities, several questions arise: Are any needs morally important, meaning that they operate as morally relevant details of a situation? What is the correct moral stance to take with regard to situations of need? Are moral agents ever required to tend to others’ well-being …Read more
  •  46
    A Kantian Ethic of Care?
    In Barbara S. Andrew, Jean Clare Keller & Lisa H. Schwartzman (eds.), Feminist Interventions in Ethics and Politics: Feminist Ethics and Social Theory, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 2005.
    In this essay, I develop the duty to care. I argue that certain needs do require a moral response. Under the duty to care, moral individuals must act so as to bolster and safeguard the agency of those in need. Substantively, the duty to care features five qualities. It endorses a wide variety of forms of care. It does not demand that caretakers feel certain emotions for their charges. It places limits on the extent of self-sacrifice involved in meeting others’’ needs. It is action oriented. Fina…Read more
  •  46
    The Global Duty to Care and the Politics of Peace
    International Studies in Philosophy 38 (2): 107-121. 2006.
  •  34
    Mother Time
    Teaching Philosophy 25 (2): 178-182. 2002.
  •  24
    The Moral Meanings of Miscarriage
    Journal of Social Philosophy 46 (1): 141-157. 2015.
    In this article, I seek to address an aspect of the general inattention to miscarriage by examining a pressing topic: the moral meanings of pregnancy loss. I focus primarily on the import of such meanings for women in their ethical relationship with themselves, while also finding significant the meaning of miscarriage in community, that is, for our shared moral lives. Exploring miscarriage as a moral phenomenon is critical for figuring out miscarriage’s impact on our ethical self-conception—on h…Read more
  •  24
    From Vulnerability to Precariousness: Examining the Moral Foundations of Care Ethics
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies 644-661. 2020.
    The ethics of care addresses aspects of the human condition that other moral theories overlook—our vulnerability to injury, inevitable dependencies, and ubiquitous needs. In the grip of these experiences, we require care from others to survive and flourish. The precarious nature of human existence represents a related experience, one less thoroughly explored within care ethics. Through examination of these occasions for care, this article offers two contributions: First, a map of the conceptual …Read more
  •  11
    Editor’s Introduction
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (S1): 5-5. 2008.
  •  10
    From Vulnerability to Precariousness: Examining the Moral Foundations of Care Ethics
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies 28 (5): 644-661. 2020.
    The ethics of care addresses aspects of the human condition that other moral theories overlook—our vulnerability to injury, inevitable dependencies, and ubiquitous needs. In the grip of these exper...
  •  9
    Mother Time: Women, Aging, and Ethics (review)
    Teaching Philosophy 25 (2): 178-182. 2002.
  •  8
    The Invisibility of Gender: A Feminist Commentary on Age-Based Healthcare Rationing
    Journal of Philosophical Research 30 (Supplement): 263-274. 2005.
  •  6
    The Ethics of Need: Agency, Dignity, and Obligation argues for the philosophical importance of the notion of need and for an ethical framework through which we can determine which needs have moral significance. In the volume, Sarah Clark Miller synthesizes insights from Kantian and feminist care ethics to establish that our mutual and inevitable interdependence gives rise to a duty to care for the needs of others. Further, she argues that we are obligated not merely to meet others’ needs but to …Read more
  •  5
    Evil, Political Violence, and Forgiveness: Essays in Honor of Claudia Card
    with Todd Calder, Claudia Card, Ann Cudd, Eric Kraemer, Alice MacLachlan, María Pía Lara, Robin May Schott, Laurence Thomas, and Lynne Tirrell
    Lexington Books. 2009.
    Rather than focusing on political and legal debates surrounding attempts to determine if and when genocidal rape has taken place in a particular setting, this essay turns instead to a crucial, yet neglected area of inquiry: the moral significance of genocidal rape, and more specifically, the nature of the harms that constitute the culpable wrongdoing that genocidal rape represents. In contrast to standard philosophical accounts, which tend to employ an individualistic framework, this essay offer…Read more
  •  4
    Editor’s Introduction
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (S1): 5-5. 2008.
  •  1
    This article offers a feminist engagement with and evaluation of Rainer Forst’s concept of transnational justice, especially as he articulates it in his most recent book, Normativity and Power: Analyzing Social Orders of Justification. While focusing on this book, the analysis I offer also builds on his earlier writings on a critical theory of transnational justice and the concept of the right to justification. Feminist theoretical resources, including current transnational feminist theory, prov…Read more
  • Risky Business: When Patient Preferences Seem Irrational
    with James Blankenship
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 82. 2013.
    Interventional cardiologists are commonly faced with patients who prefer percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) rather than coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Many prefer PCI even when CABG is recommended. Doctors may wonder whether (as the cardiac surgeons suspect) they consciously or unconsciously influence patients to choose PCI. We consider reasons why patient preferences in this context are not irrational.