•  112
    Zagzebski on Rationality
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 6 (4): 39--46. 2014.
    This paper examines Linda Zagzebski’s account of rationality, as set out in her rich, wide-ranging, and important book, Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief. We briefly describe the account that she offers and then consider its plausibility. In particular, in the first section we argue that a number of Zagzebski’s claims with regard to rationality require more support than she offers for them. Moreover, in the second section, we contend that far from offering…Read more
  •  99
    Wisdom: Understanding and the Good Life
    Acta Analytica 31 (3): 235-251. 2016.
    I argue that a necessary condition for being wise is: understanding how to live well. The condition, by requiring understanding rather than a wide variety of justified beliefs or knowledge, as Ryan and Whitcomb respectively require, yields the desirable result that being wise is compatible with having some false beliefs but not just any false beliefs about how to live well—regardless of whether those beliefs are justified or not. In arguing for understanding how to live well as a necessary condi…Read more
  •  87
    Epistemic Environmentalism
    Journal of Philosophical Research 43 97-112. 2018.
    I motivate and develop a normative framework for undertaking work in applied epistemology. I set out the framework, which I call epistemic environmentalism, explaining the role of social epistemology and epistemic value theory in the framework. Next, I explain the environmentalist terminology that is employed and its usefulness. In the second part of the paper, I make the case for a specific epistemic environmentalist proposal. I argue that dishonest testimony by experts and certain institutiona…Read more
  •  76
    Paternalism: An Analysis
    Utilitas 28 (2): 123-135. 2016.
    In this article I argue for a particular analysis of paternalism. I start by examining Dworkin's conditions for the paternalist act and make a case for alternative conditions. I argue that the paternalist actor acts irrespective of what she believes the wishes of the target of her action are and the paternalist actor acts because she has a positive epistemic standing that the act may or will improve the welfare of the target of her action. I also argue that it is consistent with my analysis that…Read more
  •  61
    Skilful reflection as a master virtue
    Synthese 197 (6): 2295-2308. 2020.
    This paper advances the claim that skilful reflection is a master virtue in that skilful reflection shapes and corrects the other epistemic and intellectual virtues. We make the case that skilful reflection does this with both competence-based epistemic virtues and character-based intellectual virtues. In making the case that skilful reflection is a master virtue, we identify the roots of ideas central to our thesis in Confucian philosophy. In particular, we discuss the Confucian conception of r…Read more
  •  57
    Why Knowledge is Special
    Philosophy 92 (2): 249-269. 2017.
    I argue against Greco's account of the value of knowledge, according to which knowledge is distinctively valuable vis-à-vis that which falls short of knowledge in virtue of its status as an achievement and achievements being finally valuable. Instead, I make the case that virtuous belief is also an achievement. I argue that the nature of knowledge is such that knowledge is finally valuable in a way that virtuous belief is not, precisely because knowledge is not simply a success from ability. The…Read more
  •  50
    Libertarian paternalism is hard paternalism
    Analysis 78 (1): 65-73. 2018.
    I argue that libertarian paternalism is in fact paternalism, or hard paternalism, rather than a form of soft paternalism. I do so on the basis of an analysis of the paternalist act according to which the paternalist act needn’t violate the will of the agent who is the target of that act and the paternalist actor need only suspect that her action may improve the welfare of that target. The paper considers and rejects interpretations of libertarian paternalism as soft paternalism. I then provide a…Read more
  •  46
    A HUMEAN ACCOUNT OF TESTIMONIAL JUSTIFICATION
    Logos and Episteme 5 (2): 209-219. 2014.
    I argue that a Humean account can make sense of the phenomenology associated with testimonial justification; the phenomenology being that in standard cases hearers regularly simply accept a testifier’s assertions as true – hearers don't engage in monitoring. The upshot is that a Humean account is in a better position dialectically than is usually supposed. I provide some background to the debate before setting out two challenges facing accounts of testimonial justification. The first challenge i…Read more
  •  44
    Nature and value of knowledge : epistemic environmentalism
    Dissertation, University of Edinburgh. 2013.
    My thesis examines the nature and value of knowledge and normative implications of its value. With this in mind I examine Greco’s account of knowledge in detail and consider whether it convinces. I argue against the account on a number of fronts; in particular I argue against Greco’s treatment of the Barney and Jenny cases. In doing so I draw on the dialectic in the literature and go beyond it by showing how his treatment of those cases is such as to raise problems for his treatment of other cas…Read more
  •  34
    Vanishing into Things: Knowledge in Chinese Tradition by Barry Allen
    with Mi Chienkuo
    Philosophy East and West 67 (4): 1299-1305. 2017.
    Barry Allen's Vanishing into Things discusses intellectual traditions of Chinese philosophy through the thematic thread of knowledge. The thread takes us chapter by chapter from Confucianism, Daoism, and The Art of War to Chan Buddhism and The Investigation of Things. The final chapter discusses "resonance" and the part it has played in Chinese intellectual history.It wouldn't be surprising if such an ambitious work, covering the range of intellectual traditions that Allen covers, became fragmen…Read more
  •  25
    The Value of Knowledge
    Dialogue and Universalism 24 (3): 84-88. 2014.
    In this paper I make the case that we should reject an argument that even knowledge of pointless truths has pro tanto final value. The argument draws on Greco’s virtue epistemological account of knowledge, according to which knowledge is an achievement and achievements have final value in virtue of being constitutive of the good life. I argue for my position by drawing on a case of knowledge of a pointless truth unlike previous cases of pointless truths discussed in the literature. This is a cas…Read more
  •  23
    Real-Time Democracy
    International Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (2): 301-312. 2016.
    Standard representative democracy is criticised on democratic grounds and the case is made for an alternative system of democratic governance. The paper discusses ways in which representative democracy falls short of the democratic ideal of self-governance. Referendum and initiative are examined as mechanisms that further self-governance, but are argued not to go far enough. Direct democracy is considered as an alternative to representative democracy, but the case is made that even on democratic…Read more
  •  22
    Standard Gettier Cases: A Problem for Greco?
    Grazer Philosophische Studien 90 (1): 201-212. 2014.
    I argue that Greco’s handling of barn-façade cases is unsatisfactory as it is at odds with his treatment of standard Gettier cases. I contend that this is so as there is no salient feature of either type of case such that that feature provides a ground to grant, as Greco argues, that there is an exercising of ability in one type of case, standard Gettier cases, but not in the other, barn-façade cases. The result, I argue, is that either Greco must revise his grounds for treating barn-façade case…Read more
  •  20
    Trust: A recipe
    Think 17 (50): 113-125. 2018.
    Trust is relevant to discussions across a range of areas in philosophy, including social epistemology, ethics, political theory, and action theory. It’s also the sort of thing that tends to matter a lot in our personal lives. We want romantic partners, friends, employers, and others to trust us. I argue that trust requires belief on the part of the trustor in the competence of the trustee to perform the relevant action, as well as the trustor's approval of what she believes is the will of the tr…Read more
  •  15
    Reflective Knowledge: Knowledge Extended
    In J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, S. Orestis Palermos & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Extended Epistemology. pp. 162-176. 2018.
  •  13
    Famine, Action, and the Normative
    with Fei Song
    Journal of Value Inquiry 1-11. forthcoming.
  •  4
    Virtuous testimonial belief in young children
    South African Journal of Philosophy 38 (3): 263-272. 2019.
  • Wisdom and The Good Life
    In Jennifer Lackey & Aidan McGlynn (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Social Epistemology. forthcoming.
  • Fake News, Epistemic Coverage and Trust
    The Political Quarterly. forthcoming.
    This article makes the case that a deficit or absence of trust in media sources to report on news- worthy items facilitates acceptance of fake news. The article begins by identifying the sort of fake news that is of interest for the purposes of this article. Epistemic cove rage is then explained—in particular, how an individual’s expectations about their epistemic environment can lead them to accepting or rejecting claims. The article explains that when an individual believes that main- stream m…Read more
  • Autonomy, Reflection, and Education
    In Jonathan Matheson & Kirk Lougheed (eds.), Epistemic Autonomy, . forthcoming.