• Kings College London
    Department Of Social Science, Health, And Medicine
    Lecturer
  • King's College London
    Department of Philosophy
    Post-doctoral fellow
King's College London
Department of Philosophy
PhD
Areas of Specialization
Applied Ethics
  •  10
  •  21
    Bioethics and Biopolitics: Presents and Futures of Reproduction
    Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (2): 177-181. 2017.
    This Bioethics and Biopolitics: Presents and Futures of Reproduction symposium draws together a series of articles that were each submitted independently by their authors to the JBI and which explore the biopower axis in the externalization of reproduction in four contexts: artificial gestation, PGD for sex selection, women’s rights, and testicular cryopreservation. While one contribution explores a “future” of reproduction, the other three explore a “present,” or better, explore different “pres…Read more
  •  83
    Out of Bounds? A Critique of the New Policies on Hyperandrogenism in Elite Female Athletes
    with Katrina Karkazis, Rebecca Jordan-Young, and Georgiann Davis
    American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7): 3-16. 2012.
    In May 2011, more than a decade after the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) abandoned sex testing, they devised new policies in response to the IAAF's treatment of Caster Semenya, the South African runner whose sex was challenged because of her spectacular win and powerful physique that fueled an international frenzy questioning her sex and legitimacy to compete as female. These policies claim that atypically high levels of en…Read more
  •  47
    Genetic Enhancement in Sports: The Role of Reason and Private Rationalities in the Public Arena
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (2): 248-257. 2011.
    Reviews of philosophical books run the risk of being either excessively and unconstructively critical or superficially praiseworthy. To avoid both these risks, we test the approach outlined by Häyry in his book Rationality and the Genetic Challenge: Making People Better? by applying it to an eighth genetic challenge, namely, a variation of the genetic enhancement challenge discussed by Häyry as it applies to sports. We assess whether genetic enhancement in sports should be conceived as an eighth…Read more
  •  18
    The recent boom of direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic tests, aimed at measuring children?s athletic potential, is the latest wave in the ?pre-professionalization? of children that has characterized, especially but not exclusively, the USA in the last 15 years or so. In this paper, I analyse the use of DTC genetic tests, sometimes coupled with more traditional methods of ?talent scouting?, to assess a child?s predisposition to athletic performance. I first discuss the scientific evidence at the bas…Read more
  •  15
    Simona Giordano, Exercise and Eating Disorders: An Ethical and Legal Analysis
    Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 8 (2): 216-220. 2014.
  •  18
    Can We Finally See Pain?: Brain Imaging Techniques and Implications for the Law
    Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (9-10): 9-10. 2011.
    The assessment of chronic pain is a highly unmet medical need. Chronic pain is also the subject of a large and costly category of legal claims. Yet, with pain cases, the jury always face a doubt: is the claimant faking or malingering? How can we be assured that the claimant is 'really' in pain? Most recently, several new neuroimaging technologies are promising to solve these questions, by rendering pain visible, measurable and, to some degree, verifiable. The results of these advancements have p…Read more
  •  38
    Oscar Pistorius, enhancement and post-humans
    Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9): 639-639. 2008.
    Oscar Pistorius was born without fibulas and had both legs amputated below the knee when he was 11 months old. A business student at the University of Pretoria, Pistorius runs with the aid of carbon-fibre artificial limbs and is the double amputee world record holder in the 100, 200 and 400 metres events.1“I don’t see myself as disabled,” says Oscar, “There’s nothing I can’t do that able-bodied athletes can do.”2 But then the question is: do prosthetic limbs simply level the ground for Pistorius…Read more
  •  33
    In light of the World Anti Doping Agency’s 2013 Code Revision process, we critically explore the applicability of two of three criteria used to determine whether a method or substance should be considered for their Prohibited List, namely its (potential) performance enhancing effects and its (potential) risk to the health of the athlete. To do so, we compare two communities of human guinea pigs: (i) individuals who make a living out of serial participation in Phase 1 pharmacology trials; and (ii…Read more
  •  1
    Choosing deafness with PHD: an ethical way to carry on a cultural bloodline?
    Cambridge Quarterly Healthcare Ethics 19 (1): 86-96. 2010.
    These words were written by ethicist Jonathan Glover in his paper “Future People, Disability and Screening” in 1992. Whereas screening and choosing for a disability remained a theoretical possibility 16 years ago, it has now become reality. In 2006, Susannah Baruch and colleagues at John Hopkins University published a survey of 190 American preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) clinics, and found that 3% reported having the intentional use of PGD “to select an embryo for the presence of a disa…Read more
  •  36
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 1, Page 39-40, January 2012
  •  21
    Fearing a non-existing Minotaur? The ethical challenges of research on cytoplasmic hybrid embryos
    with G. Boniolo
    Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (11): 821-825. 2008.
    In this paper we address the ethical challenges of research on cytoplasmic hybrid embryos, or “cybrids”. The controversial pronouncement of the UK’s Human Embryology and Fertilisation Authority of September 2007 on the permissibility of this area of research is the starting point of our discussion, and we argue in its favour. By a rigorous definition of the entities at issue, we show how the terms “chimera” and “hybrid” are improper in the case of cybrids, and how their use can bias the debate c…Read more
  •  90
    After years of failure, in November 2007 primate embryonic stem cells were derived by somatic cellular nuclear transfer, also known as therapeutic cloning. The first embryo transfer for human reproductive cloning purposes was also attempted in 2006, albeit with negative results. These two events force us to think carefully about the possibility of human cloning which is now much closer to becoming a reality. In this paper we tackle this issue from two sides, first summarising what scientists hav…Read more
  •  15
    Review of Catherine Mills, Futures of Reproduction: Bioethics and Biopolitics1 (review)
    American Journal of Bioethics 16 (6): 1-3. 2016.
  •  116
    These words were written by ethicist Jonathan Glover in his paper “Future People, Disability and Screening” in 1992. Whereas screening and choosing for a disability remained a theoretical possibility 16 years ago, it has now become reality. In 2006, Susannah Baruch and colleagues at John Hopkins University published a survey of 190 American preimplantation genetic diagnosis clinics, and found that 3% reported having the intentional use of PGD “to select an embryo for the presence of a disability…Read more
  •  33
    The Ethics of the New Eugenics, edited by Calum MacKellar and Christopher Bechtel ,An introductory “Note on the Text” states: “The research on which this book is based was commissioned by the Scottish Council on Human Bioethics. It is the result of the collective work of many individuals at the Scottish Council on Human Bioethics. Initial drafting and subsequent editing was the work of Calum MacKellar and Christopher Bechtel, as agreed to by the Ethics Committee of the Scottish Council on Human …Read more
  • Gene Enhancement e Doping genetico
    Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 30 (1). 2012.
  •  34
    The persistence of doping in professional sports—either by individuals on an isolated basis and by whole teams as part of a systematic doping programme—means that professional sport today is rarely if ever untainted. There are financial incentives in place that incentivise doping and there are data that show that doping is often a systematic, organised enterprise. The main question to be answered today in professional sports is whether doping’s repressive anti-doping policies do not have greater…Read more
  •  23
    Review of Duncan Wilson, The Making of British Bioethics1 (review)
    American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9): 10-12. 2015.
  •  80
    Caster Semenya: sport, categories and the creative role of ethics
    with P. Maugeri
    Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (6): 378-379. 2010.
    Caster Semenya, a South African 18-year-old, won the 800-metre track running title at the Berlin World Athletics Championships in 2009. Only 3 h later, her gender was being harshly contested. The investigation of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) was neither discreet nor respectful of her privacy. Caster's case has implications for the ethics of sports and debates about gender and enhancement, and for the philosophical debate about the nature of categories and the cla…Read more