Parkville, Victoria, Australia
  •  717
    Presentism and Truthmaking
    In Dean Zimmerman (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Vol. 1, Oxford University Press. pp. 83-104. 2004.
  •  367
    Friendship and Belief
    Philosophical Papers 33 (3): 329-351. 2004.
    I intend to argue that good friendship sometimes requires epistemic irresponsibility. To put it another way, it is not always possible to be both a good friend and a diligent believer
  •  355
    Virtue ethics is self-effacing
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (2). 2007.
    An ethical theory is self-effacing if it tells us that sometimes, we should not be motivated by the considerations that justify our acts. In his influential paper 'The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories' [1976], Michael Stocker argues that consequentialist and deontological ethical theories must be self-effacing, if they are to be at all plausible. Stocker's argument is often taken to provide a reason to give up consequentialism and deontology in favour of virtue ethics. I argue that this …Read more
  •  257
    Motives to Assist and Reasons to Assist: the Case of Global Poverty
    Journal of Practical Ethics 3 (1): 37-63. 2015.
    The principle of assistance says that the global rich should help the global poor because they are able to do so, and at little cost. The principle of contribution says that the rich should help the poor because the rich are partly to blame for the plight of the poor. This paper explores the relationship between the two principles and offers support for one version of the principle of assistance. The principle of assistance is most plausible, the paper argues, when formulated so as to identify o…Read more
  •  250
    How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the Properties
    American Philosophical Quarterly 37 (2). 2000.
  •  246
    Four Theories of Filial Duty
    Philosophical Quarterly 56 (223). 2006.
    Children have special duties to their parents: there are things that we ought to do for our parents, but not for just anyone. Three competing accounts of filial duty appear in the literature: the debt theory, the gratitude theory and the friendship theory. Each is unsatisfactory: each tries to assimilate the moral relationship between parent and child to some independently understood conception of duty, but this relationship is different in structure and content from any that we are likely to sh…Read more
  •  198
    Patriotism as bad faith
    Ethics 115 (3): 563-592. 2005.
  •  184
    Welfare as success
    Noûs 43 (4): 656-683. 2009.
    No Abstract
  •  159
    Welfarism
    Philosophy Compass 4 (1): 82-95. 2009.
    Welfarism is the view that morality is centrally concerned with the welfare or well-being of individuals. The division between welfarist and non-welfarist approaches underlies many important disagreements in ethics, but welfarism is neither consistently defined nor well understood. I survey the philosophical work on welfarism, and I offer a suggestion about how the view can be characterized and how it can be embedded in various kinds of moral theory. I also identify welfarism's major rivals, and…Read more
  •  149
    Welfare and the achievement of goals
    Philosophical Studies 121 (1): 27-41. 2004.
    I defend the view that an individual''s welfareis in one respect enhanced by the achievementof her goals, even when her goals are crazy,self-destructive, irrational or immoral. This``Unrestricted View'''' departs from familiartheories which take welfare to involve only theachievement of rational aims, or of goals whoseobjects are genuinely valuable, or of goalsthat are not grounded in bad reasons. I beginwith a series of examples, intended to showthat some of our intuitive judgments aboutwelfare…Read more
  •  93
    An Interpretation of Plato's Cratylus
    Phronesis 45 (4): 284-305. 2000.
    Plato's main concern in the "Cratylus," I claim, is to argue against the idea that we can learn about things by examining their names, and in favour of the claim that philosophers should, so far as possible, look to the things themselves. Other philosophical questions, such as that of whether we should accept a naturalist or a conventionalist theory of namng, arise in the dialogue, but are subordinate. This reading of the "Cratylus," I say, explains certain puzzling facts about the dialogue's st…Read more
  •  76
    Expensive Tastes and Distributive Justice
    Social Theory and Practice 28 (4): 529-552. 2002.
  •  76
    Love and the Moral Error Theory: Is Love a Mistake?
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 95 (3): 709-721. 2017.
  •  58
    Review of Trenton Merricks, Truth and Ontology (review)
    Philosophical Review 118 (2): 273-276. 2009.
  •  46
    What does mental health have to do with well‐being?
    Bioethics 34 (3): 228-234. 2020.
    Bioethics, EarlyView.
  •  44
    Moral Blackmail and the Family
    Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (6): 699-719. 2016.
    _ Source: _Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 699 - 719 Moral blackmail is a wrongful strategy intended to force a person to perform an act by manipulating her circumstances so as to make it morally wrong for her to do anything else. The idea of moral blackmail can seem paradoxical, but moral blackmail is a coherent and indeed a familiar phenomenon. It has special significance for our intimate personal relationships and is often a force within family dynamics. It is used to enforce power relationships withi…Read more
  •  39
  •  36
    Partiality
    Princeton University Press. 2013.
  •  36
  •  35
    Belief for Someone Else’s Sake
    Philosophical Topics 46 (1): 19-35. 2018.
    You care about what others believe about you. What others believe about you determines whether you have a good reputation, whether you have the respect of your peers, and whether your friends genuinely like you. Your caring about others’ beliefs makes sense, because others’ beliefs bear directly upon your level of well-being. Your beliefs can influence others’ well-being, as much as their beliefs can influence yours. How your beliefs influence another’s well-being is a different matter from whet…Read more
  •  35
    Against friendship between countries
    Journal of International Political Theory 5 (1): 59-74. 2009.
    The idea that countries should sometimes be friends is embedded in everyday talk about international relations and receives sophisticated defences in recent works by P. E. Digeser and Catherine Lu. The idea relies upon an analogy between interactions between persons and interactions between countries – an analogy that this article argues to be ontologically and ethically dubious. Persons and countries are very different entities, meriting very different kinds of treatment. The article explores t…Read more
  •  30
    Freedom!
    Social Theory and Practice 31 (3): 337-357. 2005.
  •  27
    Are patriotism and universalism compatible?
    Social Theory and Practice 33 (4): 609-624. 2007.
  •  26
    Chapter 1. Special Relationships and Special Reasons
    In Partiality, Princeton University Press. pp. 1-30. 2013.
  •  25
    The Limits of Loyalty (review)
    Analysis 69 (2): 392-394. 2009.
    Simon Keller's The Limits of Loyalty makes an important and valuable contribution to a neglected area of moral psychology, both in presenting a clear and subtle account of loyalty in its various manifestations, and in challenging some assumptions about the role of loyalty in a morally decent life. Loyalty's domain is that of special relationships, and for some relationship types, Keller argues that these relationships rightly carry some motivational force, as in his analysis of filial duties. In…Read more
  •  24
    On what is the war on terror?
    In Timothy Shanahan (ed.), Human Rights Review, Open Court. pp. 48-60. 2005.
  •  18
    Fiduciary Duties and Moral Blackmail
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2). 2017.
    In meeting legal or professional fiduciary obligations, a fiduciary can sometimes come to share a special moral relationship with her beneficiary. Special moral relationships produce special moral obligations. Sometimes the obligations faced by a fiduciary as a result of her moral relationship with her beneficiary go beyond the obligations involved in the initial fiduciary relationship. How such moral obligations develop is sometimes under the control of the beneficiary, or of an outside party. …Read more
  •  17
    Royce and Communitarianism
    The Pluralist 2 (2). 2007.
  •  16
    The Virtue of Self-Compassion
    with Felicia A. Huppert
    Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1-16. forthcoming.
    To be self-compassionate is to show compassion not for others but for yourself. Research in psychology suggests that self-compassion leads to improved well-being and functioning. With the psychological research in the background, we give a philosophical account of self-compassion and its ethical significance. We build a definition of self-compassion, suggesting that self-compassion is different from but closely analogous to compassion for others. Our definition departs from the most prominent de…Read more