•  127
    Material objects and essential bundle theory
    with Mark Jago
    Philosophical Studies 175 (12): 2969-2986. 2018.
    In this paper we present a new metaphysical theory of material objects. On our theory, objects are bundles of property instances, where those properties give the nature or essence of that object. We call the theory essential bundle theory. Property possession is not analysed as bundle-membership, as in traditional bundle theories, since accidental properties are not included in the object’s bundle. We have a different story to tell about accidental property possession. This move reaps many benef…Read more
  • Freedom from Social Science
    Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 2 549-553. 1988.
  •  170
    Endurance is paradoxical
    with Phil Dowe
    Analysis 65 (1): 69-74. 2005.
  •  14
  •  449
    Irony and the dogma of force and sense
    Analysis 75 (1): 9-16. 2015.
    Frege’s distinction between force and sense is a central pillar of modern thinking about meaning. This is the idea that a self-standing utterance of a sentence S can be divided into two components. One is the proposition P that S’s linguistic meaning and context associates with it. The other is S’s illocutionary force. The force/sense distinction is associated with another thesis, the embedding principle, that implies that the only content that embeds in compound sentences is propositional conte…Read more
  •  1
    This book is based on previously unpublished lectures that Wisdom delivered at the University of Virginia. Its content goes significantly beyond that of his other books. Here he is concerned with how misunderstandings about what it is to prove something or what it is to explain something can infect our thinking in many different fields
  •  8
    Excavations and Their Objects: Freud's Collection of Antiquity (edited book)
    State University of New York Press. 1996.
    This is a collection of essays concerned with the thematic implications of Freud's deep interest in the art objects in his collection of antiquity
  • The Mirror and the Dagger
    In Steve Martinot (ed.), Maps and Mirrors: Topologies of Art and Politics, Northwestern University Press. pp. 83. 2001.
  •  2
    Leaving things to take their chances : cause and disposition grounded in chance
    In Toby Handfield (ed.), Dispositions and Causes, Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press ;. 2009.
  •  500
    There is a wide-spread belief amongst theorists of mind and language. This is that in order to understand the relation between language, thought, and reality we need a theory of meaning and content, that is, a normative, formal science of meaning, which is an extension and theoretical deepening of folk ideas about meaning. This book argues that this is false, offering an alternative idea: The form of a theory that illuminates the relation of language, thought, and reality is a theory of language…Read more
  •  718
    At the heart of semantics in the 20th century is Frege’s distinction between sense and force. This is the idea that the content of a self-standing utterance of a sentence S can be divided into two components. One part, the sense, is the proposition that S’s linguistic meaning and context associates with it as its semantic interpretation. The second component is S’s illocutionary force. Illocutionary forces correspond to the three basic kinds of sentential speech acts: assertions, orders, and que…Read more
  •  63
    Stephen Barker presents his first, ambitious book in the philosophy of language, setting out a radical alternative to standard theories of meaning.
  •  24
    Towards a pragmatic theory of 'if'
    Philosophical Studies 79 (2). 1995.
  •  84
    Troubles with Horgan and Timmons' nondescriptivist cognitivism
    Grazer Philosophische Studien 63 (1): 235-255. 2002.
    Emotivist, or non-descriptivist metaethical theories hold that value-statements do not function by describing special value-facts, but are the mere expressions of naturalistically describable motivational states of (valuing) agents. Non-descriptivism has typically been combined with the claim that value-statements are non-cognitive: they are not the manifestations of genuine belief states. However, all the linguistic, logical and phenomenological evidence indicates that value-statements are cogn…Read more
  •  43
    The consequent-entailment problem foreven if
    Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (3). 1994.
    A comprehensive theory ofeven if needs to account for consequent ‘entailing’even ifs and in particular those of theif-focused variety. This is where the theory ofeven if ceases to be neutral between conditional theories. I have argued thatif-focusedeven ifs,especially if andonly if can only be accounted for through the suppositional theory ofif. Furthermore, a particular interpretation of this theory — the conditional assertion theory — is needed to account foronly if and a type of metalinguisti…Read more
  •  53
    PET imaging of conscious and unconscious verbal memory
    with M. T. Alkire, R. J. Haier, and J. H. Fallon
    Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (5-6): 448-62. 1996.
    One method for investigating the neurobiology of consciousness is to experimentally manipulate consciousness as a variable and then visualize the resultant functional brain changes with advanced imaging techniques. To begin investigation into this area, healthy volunteers underwent positron emission tomography scanning while listening to randomized word lists in both conscious and unconscious conditions. Following anaesthesia, subjects had no explicit memories. Nonetheless, subjects demonstrated…Read more
  •  10
    Comments: The Experiential Thesis
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (Supplement): 57-61. 2003.
  •  388
    Semantic paradox and alethic undecidability
    Analysis 74 (2): 201-209. 2014.
    I use the principle of truth-maker maximalism to provide a new solution to the semantic paradoxes. According to the solution, AUS, its undecidable whether paradoxical sentences are grounded or ungrounded. From this it follows that their alethic status is undecidable. We cannot assert, in principle, whether paradoxical sentences are true, false, either true or false, neither true nor false, both true and false, and so on. AUS involves no ad hoc modification of logic, denial of the T-schema's vali…Read more
  •  22
    Zarathustra's shadow and virtual nihilism
    The European Legacy 2 (4): 658-663. 1997.
    No abstract
  •  43
    Review of mark Sainsbury, Reference Without Referents (review)
    Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (1). 2007.
  •  60
    Material implication and general indicative conditionals
    Philosophical Quarterly 47 (187): 195-211. 1997.
    This paper falls into two parts. In the first part, I argue that consideration of general indicative conditionals, e.g., sentences like If a donkey brays it is beaten, provides a powerful argument that a pure material implication analysis of indicative if p, q is correct. In the second part I argue, opposing writers like Jackson, that a Gricean style theory of pragmatics can explain the manifest assertability conditions of if p, q in terms of its conventional content – assumed to be merely (p⊃q)…Read more
  •  73
    Even, still and counterfactuals
    Linguistics and Philosophy 14 (1). 1991.