•  3
    Improving philosophical dialogue interventions to better resolve problematic value pluralism in collaborative environmental science
    with Bethany K. Laursen and Chad Gonnerman
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 87 54-71. 2021.
    Environmental problems often outstrip the abilities of any single scientist to understand, much less address them. As a result, collaborations within, across, and beyond the environmental sciences are an increasingly important part of the environmental science landscape. Here, we explore an insufficiently recognized and particularly challenging barrier to collaborative environmental science: value pluralism, the presence of non-trivial differences in the values that collaborators bring to bear o…Read more
  •  2
    Varieties of Capitalism, Power Resources, and Historical Legacies: Explaining the Slovenian Exception
    with Miroslav Stanojević
    Politics and Society 39 (2): 268-295. 2011.
    Although Slovenia is a small, relatively new nation-state, it has been justifiably called “neocorporatist” and a “coordinated market economy,” making it unique among postcommunist societies, including ten new EU member states. The authors explore how it became so, and in the process shed light on the debate between varieties of capitalism and power resources theories about how coordinated or neocorporatist economies emerge. Although several of the elements predicted by the varieties of capitalis…Read more
  •  334
    In Our Shoes or the Protagonist’s? Knowledge, Justification, and Projection
    with Chad Gonnerman, Lee Poag, Logan Redden, and Jacob Robbins
    In Tania Lombrozo, Shaun Nichols & Joshua Knobe (eds.), Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy, Vol. 3, . forthcoming.
    Sackris and Beebe (2014) report the results of a series of studies that seem to show that there are cases in which many people are willing to attribute knowledge to a protagonist even when her belief is unjustified. These results provide some reason to conclude that the folk concept of knowledge does not treat justification as necessary for its deployment. In this paper, we report a series of results that can be seen as supporting this conclusion by going some way towards ruling out an alternati…Read more
  •  1
    Reflexivity is a complex phenomenon. In this chapter, we are primarily interested in reflexivity insofar as it is a process of discovering for oneself and one’s audiences the perspectival features (e.g., background assumptions, social positions, and biases) that shape one’s judgments, decisions, and behaviors. So understood, reflexivity isn’t always a good idea. Sometimes thinking can get in the way of doing. (Downhill ski racing springs to mind.) But for some activities, such as action research…Read more
  •  6
    Cross-disciplinary research as a platform for philosophical research
    with Chad Gonnerman and Michael O'rourke
    Journal of the American Philosophical Association 2 (2): 344-363. 2016.
    It is argued that core areas of philosophy can benefit from reflection on cross-disciplinary research (CDR). We start by giving a brief account of CDR, describing its variability and some of the ways in which philosophers can interact with it. We then provide an argument in principle for the conclusion that CDR is philosophically fecund, arguing that since CDR highlights fundamental differences among disciplinary research worldviews, it can be used to motivate new philosophical problems and supp…Read more
  •  157
    Intuition & calibration
    with Jonathan M. Weinberg, Chad Gonnerman, Ian Vandewalker, and Stacey Swain
    Essays in Philosophy 13 (1): 15. 2012.
    The practice of appealing to esoteric intuitions, long standard in analytic philosophy, has recently fallen on hard times. Various recent empirical results have suggested that philosophers are not currently able to distinguish good intuitions from bad. This paper evaluates one possible type of approach to this problematic methodological situation: calibration. Both critiquing and building on an argument from Robert Cummins, the paper explores what possible avenues may exist for the calibration o…Read more
  •  22
  •  418
    Animal Behavior
    In Michael Ruse (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology, Oxford University Press. pp. 327--348. 2008.
    Few areas of scientific investigation have spawned more alternative approaches than animal behavior: comparative psychology, ethology, behavioral ecology, sociobiology, behavioral endocrinology, behavioral neuroscience, neuroethology, behavioral genetics, cognitive ethology, developmental psychobiology---the list goes on. Add in the behavioral sciences focused on the human animal, and you can continue the list with ethnography, biological anthropology, political science, sociology, psychology (c…Read more
  •  109
    Loose Constitutivity and Armchair Philosophy
    Studia Philosophica Estonica 2 (2): 177-195. 2009.
    Standard philosophical methodology which proceeds by appeal to intuitions accessible "from the armchair" has come under criticism on the basis of empirical work indicating unanticipated variability of such intuitions. Loose constitutivity---the idea that intuitions are partly, but not strictly, constitutive of the concepts that appear in them---offers an interesting line of response to this empirical challenge. On a loose constitutivist view, it is unlikely that our intuitions are incorrect acro…Read more
  •  68
    In this article we argue that philosophy can facilitate improvement in cross-disciplinary science. In particular, we discuss in detail the Toolbox Project, an effort in applied epistemology that deploys philosophical analysis for the purpose of enhancing collaborative, cross-disciplinary scientific research through improvements in cross-disciplinary communication. We begin by sketching the scientific context within which the Toolbox Project operates, a context that features a growing interest in…Read more
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  •  13
    The Power of Positive Thinking
    Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 7 (3): 126-128. 2004.
  •  62
    The x-phi(les): unusual insights into the nature of inquiry
    with Jonathan M. Weinberg
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2): 227-232. 2009.
    Experimental philosophy is often regarded as a category mistake. Even those who reject that view typically see it as irrelevant to standard philosophical projects. We argue that neither of these claims can be sustained and illustrate our view with a sketch of the rich interconnections with philosophy of science.Keywords: Science; Philosophy; Experimental Philosophy.
  •  13
    The Power of Positive Thinking: A Review of Paolo Parrini’s Knowledge and Reality (review)
    Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 7 (3): 126-128. 2004.
  •  1053
  •  13
    Review of Elisabeth A. Lloyd, Science, Politics, and Evolution (review)
    Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (10). 2008.
  •  8
    Cross-disciplinary research (CDR) is an increasingly important part of the contemporary research 'landscape'. Despite its growing importance there remain a large number of barriers to successful CDR and many of these barriers are poorly understood. In particular there are challenges at the conceptual and communicative levels that have received relatively little attention. In this paper it is argued that these challenges are appropriate topics of analysis for philosophers. Appropriate methodologi…Read more