•  63
    Donald Trump as a Critical-Thinking Teaching Assistant
    Informal Logic 38 (1): 118-132. 2018.
    Donald Trump has been a godsend for those of us who teach critical thinking. For he is a fount of manipulative rhetoric, glaring fallacies, conspiracy theories, fake news, and bullshit. In this paper I draw on my own recent teaching experience in order to discuss both the usefulness and the limits of using Trump examples in teaching critical thinking. In Section One I give the framework of the course; in Section Two I indicate Trump’s relevance to many important concepts in the course; and in Se…Read more
  •  19
    Goldman’s early causal theory of knowledge
    with L. Gregory Wheeless
    Grazer Philosophische Studien 47 (1): 143-154. 1994.
    In his 1967 paper 'A Causal Theory of Knowing', Alvin Goldman sketched an account of empirical knowledge in terms of appropriate causal connections between the fact known and the knower's belief in that fact. This early causal account has been much criticized, even by Goldman himself in later years. We argue that the theory is much more defensible than either he or its other critics have recognized, that there are plausible internal and external resources available to it which save it from many …Read more
  • Moral Realism and Naturalized Metaethics
    Dissertation, Cornell University. 1990.
    Recent developments in the philosophy of language and epistemology--in particular, the "naturalizing" of reference, knowledge, and justification--have important metaethical implications. In my dissertation I show the relevance of causal theories of reference and knowledge, and of an noncausal but still nonfoundationalist theory of justification, to the metaethical debate over moral realism, and use these theories to defend realism against several popular objections. ;In Chapter 1 I characterize …Read more
  • Harman on Relativism and Moral Diversity
    with David Drebushenko
    Critica 30 (89): 95-104. 1998.
  •  77
    Goldman’s early causal theory of knowledge
    with L. Gregory Wheeless
    Grazer Philosophische Studien 47 (1): 143-154. 1994.
    In his 1967 paper 'A Causal Theory of Knowing', Alvin Goldman sketched an account of empirical knowledge in terms of appropriate causal connections between the fact known and the knower's belief in that fact. This early causal account has been much criticized, even by Goldman himself in later years. We argue that the theory is much more defensible than either he or its other critics have recognized, that there are plausible internal and external resources available to it which save it from many …Read more
  •  28
    Harman, ethical naturalism, and token-token identity
    Philosophical Papers 20 (3): 203-205. 1991.
    No abstract
  •  62
    Robert Adams's Theistic Argument from the Nature of Morality
    Journal of Religious Ethics 21 (2). 1993.
    In "Moral Arguments for Theistic Belief" Robert Merrihew Adams defends a theistic argument from the nature of morality according to which the existence of God is entailed by the divine-command theory, which Adams believes is our best account of morality. In reply I examine the four arguments for the modified divine-command theory that Adams develops in this and later papers, and I show that three of the arguments are much too weak to enable him to make a case for theism in this way and that the …Read more
  •  64
    Arbitrariness, divine commands, and morality
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 33 (1). 1993.
  •  28
  •  40
    Deprivation, Lament and Death
    The Philosophers' Magazine 74 104-106. 2016.