•  22
    Contrary to what its title may seem to imply, this intriguing study is best appreciated as a study in scientific realism. As Rom Harré notes in the preface, "science only makes sense as a realist enterprise, an attempt, using the means at hand, to truly represent physical reality as it is.... Indeed this very study is a realist enterprise, an attempt to truly represent the social order of life in laboratories and institutes of research, just as they are". When viewed as an exercise in scientific…Read more
  •  32
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 1988
    Review of Metaphysics 43 (4): 849-851. 1990.
    This special supplementary volume of Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy contains the revised versions of papers which were first presented at a colloquium on ancient philosophy held at Oberlin College in 1986. In addition to the five major papers presented at the colloquium, the replies of the five commentators as well as the responses of the authors to the commentators are contained in this volume. In some cases, such as the reply of David Charles, the replies are almost papers in their own r…Read more
  •  82
    Aristotle on Monsters and the Generation of Kinds
    American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 77 (1): 21-36. 2003.
    In this paper I present an interpretation of a phrase used throughout Aristotle’s Metaphysics: “man begets man.” Basing my interpretation on Aristotle’s account of the generation of animals in general and of monsters (terata) in particular, I argue that the universal genus and the universal species have causal roles to play in the generation of animals. Because the movements in the male sperm of the universal species and the universal genus (though the species and genus do not exist separately) …Read more
  •  38
    Truth Vs. Necessary Truth in Aristotle’s Sciences
    Review of Metaphysics 57 (4). 2004.
    AT POSTERIOR ANALYTICS 1.1.71B15 AND FOLLOWING, Aristotle identifies six characteristics of the first principles from which demonstrative science proceeds. These are traditionally grouped into two sets of three: group A: ex alêthôn, prôtôn, amêsôn; group B: gnôrimôterôn, proterôn, and aitiôn. The characteristic, which I believe has been underrated and somewhat misinterpreted by scholars and commentators from Philoponus to the present day, is the characteristic of truth. In this paper I propose t…Read more
  •  36
    The if-it-is question in Aristotle
    Ancient Philosophy 11 (2): 315-330. 1991.
  •  38
    Infinity and Perfect Induction in Aristotle
    Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 55 (n/a): 149. 1981.
  •  30
    RECENT attempts to explain and justify Aristotle's principle of non-contradiction have focused to a great extent on the dialectical dimension of Aristotle's account. For example, T. Irwin maintains that Aristotle justifies the PNC by arguing that there is a sub-set of dialectical opinions which no one can rationally give up. J. Lear supports the importance of the dialectical dimension by summarizing Aristotle's defense of the PNC as follows: The opponent of the PNC tries to argue dialectically t…Read more
  •  27
    Aristotle on Substance (review)
    Review of Metaphysics 45 (3): 611-613. 1992.
    A good work in philosophy should, it seems, have two essential characteristics: broad philosophical vision and careful, convincing argumentation. This book has both. Guiding the work is Gill's refreshingly original vision of Aristotle's cosmos. Instead of the austere traditional view of this cosmos in which God as pure form and actuality is at the top, and prime matter as pure matter and potentiality is at the bottom, with composite bodies in between the two, Gill proposes another view. In Arist…Read more
  •  11
    The If-It-Is Question in Aristotle
    Ancient Philosophy 11 (2): 315-330. 1991.
  •  44
    Naming and Non-Being in Aristotle
    Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 59 (n/a): 275. 1985.
  •  31
    The role of dialectic and objections in aristotelian science
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (2): 241-256. 1984.
  •  38
    Rorty’s Epistemological Nihilism
    The Personalist Forum 3 (2): 141-156. 1987.
  •  33
    Aristotle on the many senses of priority
    Ancient Philosophy 12 (2): 449-452. 1992.
  •  22
    On Location: Aristotle’s Concept of Place
    Review of Metaphysics 57 (4): 858-861. 2004.
    This book is a revised version of Morrison’s doctoral thesis. Unlike many revised theses, however, this book is very readable and clearly presented. Against the common, predominately negative view of Aristotle’s notion of place, this book takes a positive approach to place and has as its explicit aim to set out clearly Aristotle’s account of place in Physics 4.1–5 in such a way as to revive it as a piece of genuinely important philosophy. The author’s refreshingly positive approach to this much-…Read more
  •  10
    The Role of Dialectic and Objections in Aristotelian Science
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (2): 241-256. 1984.
  •  32
    Science and Hypothesis
    Review of Metaphysics 38 (3): 653-655. 1985.
    In this collection of essays, which is Volume 19 in the University of Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science, Laudan examines, in a very engaging manner, the fortunes of the method of hypothesis in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. Most of the essays have appeared elsewhere, but some are published here for the first time. Although there is no introductory or concluding essay that attempts to tie all of the articles together, this collection still succeeds in presenting itself as a uni…Read more
  •  18
    A Philosophical Inquiry into the Nature and the Rationale of Reason
    Review of Metaphysics 43 (4): 878-879. 1990.
    The central thesis of this book, which is defended well, is that only a normative theory of rationality can deal adequately with the subject of the nature of rationality. According to the author, "Good reasons for believing, for evaluating, and for acting go together to make up a seamless and indivisible whole". In light of his central thesis and the scope of this book, which includes an investigation of the mechanics, justification, and rewards of reason, Rescher argues that social scientists w…Read more
  •  42
    Aristotle’s Moral Epistemology
    New Scholasticism 56 (2): 169-184. 1982.
    In one common book and in two texts of the eudemian ethics", aristotle compares the ends of ethics with the hypotheses of scientific demonstration. t irwin has argued that this comparison is inaccurate and ought to have been abandoned by aristotle. the author argues against irwin's position by contending that ethical ends are comparable to scientific hypotheses. because they are comparable, he further argues that ethical ends, grasped as ends that entail certain necessary pre-conditions for the …Read more