• Personhood
    In Robert E. Goodin, Philip Pettit & Thomas Pogge (eds.), A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy, Blackwell. 2017.
    Political philosophy is obviously concerned with people. If there were no people we would have no subject. But the contemporary significance of the concept of personhood is largely due to its central role in liberal political philosophy. Puzzles about personhood typically arise as objections to liberalism.
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    11 Ruling Out Rule Consequentialism
    In Brad Hooker, Elinor Mason, Dale E. Miller, D. W. Haslett, Shelly Kagan, Sanford S. Levy, David Lyons, Phillip Montague, Tim Mulgan, Philip Pettit, Madison Powers, Jonathan Riley, William H. Shaw, Michael Smith & Alan Thomas (eds.), Morality, Rules, and Consequences: A Critical Reader, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 212-221. 2000.
  •  21
    What determines whether an action is right or wrong? Morality, Rules, and Consequences: A Critical Reader explores for students and researchers the relationship between consequentialist theory and moral rules. Most of the chapters focus on rule consequentialism or on the distinction between act and rule versions of consequentialism. Contributors, among them the leading philosophers in the discipline, suggest ways of assessing whether rule consequentialism could be a satisfactory moral theory. Th…Read more
  •  30
    Charting just futures for Aotearoa New Zealand: philosophy for and beyond the Covid-19 pandemic
    with Sophia Enright, Marco Grix, Ushana Jayasuriya, Tēvita O. Ka‘ili, Adriana M. Lear, 'Aisea N. Matthew Māhina, 'Ōkusitino Māhina, John Matthewson, Andrew Moore, Emily C. Parke, Vanessa Schouten, and Krushil Watene
    Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. forthcoming.
    The global pandemic needs to mark a turning point for the peoples of Aotearoa New Zealand. How can we make sure that our culturally diverse nation charts an equitable and sustainable path through and beyond this new world? In a less affluent future, how can we ensure that all New Zealanders have fair access to opportunities? One challenge is to preserve the sense of common purpose so critical to protecting each other in the face of Covid-19. How can we centre what we have learnt about resilience…Read more
  •  2
    Critical Notice of Jeff McMahan, The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life (review)
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy 34 (3): 443-459. 2004.
  • Population
    In Darrel Moellendorf & Heather Widdows (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Global Ethics, Routledge. 2014.
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    This paper asks how rule‐consequentialism might adapt to very adverse futures, and whether moderate liberal consequentialism can survive into broken futures and/or futures where humanity faces imminent extinction. The paper first recaps the recent history of rule‐consequentialist procreative ethics. It outlines rule‐consequentialism, extends it to cover future people, and applies it to broken futures. The paper then introduces a new thought experiment—the “ending world”—where humanity faces an e…Read more
  •  1
    Teoria etica e intuizioni in un mondo in frantumi
    Società Degli Individui 39 44-60. 2010.
    Il cambiamento climatico presenta caratteristiche inedite che mettono in discussione il pensiero morale cui siamo abituati. In questo saggio, si ricostruiscono le modifiche che sarebbero necessarie per pensare le questioni morali poste dalla prospettiva di un mondo che subisca gli effetti del cambiamento climatico: si potrebbe trattare di un mondo in frantumi, dove non ci sono piů le condizioni minime di benessere, e le nozioni cui siamo abituati - come certi diritti o l'ideale dell'eguaglianza …Read more
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  •  10
    Utilitarianism
    Cambridge University Press. 2019.
    Moral theories can be distinguished, not only by the answers they give, but also by the questions they ask. Utilitarianism's central commitment is to the promotion of well-being, impartially considered. This commitment shapes utilitarianism in a number of ways. If scarce resources should be directed where they will best promote well-being, and if theoretical attention is a scarce resource, then moral theorists should focus on topics that are most important to the future promotion of well-being. …Read more
  •  12
    Tim Mulgan asks whether the universe could have a non-human-centred purpose.
  •  34
    Corporate Agency and Possible Futures
    Journal of Business Ethics 154 (4): 901-916. 2018.
    We need an account of corporate agency that is temporally robust – one that will help future people to cope with challenges posed by corporate groups in a range of credible futures. In particular, we need to bequeath moral resources that enable future people to avoid futures dominated by corporate groups that have no regard for human beings. This paper asks how future philosophers living in broken or digital futures might re-imagine contemporary debates about corporate agency. It argues that the…Read more
  •  18
    The Happiness Philosophers: The Lives and Works of the Great Utilitarians by Bart Schultz
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 56 (1): 179-180. 2018.
    Bart Schultz's fascinating study weaves together the lives and works of the four founders of classical utilitarianism—William Godwin, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, and Henry Sidgwick—challenging historical interpretations and opening exciting new possibilities for contemporary moral and political philosophy. Schultz reminds us that the founders of utilitarianism were not lifeless proponents of a simplistic theory, but rounded individuals in whose hands the utilitarian project ranged widely o…Read more
  •  77
    Two familiar worldviews dominate Western philosophy: materialist atheism and Abrahamic theism. One exciting development in recent philosophy of religion is the exploration of alternatives to both theism and atheism. This paper explores two alternatives: axiarchism and ananthropocentrism. Drawing on the long tradition of Platonism, axiarchists such as John Leslie, Derek Parfit and Nicholas Rescher posit a direct link between goodness and existence. The goodness of a possible world is what makes i…Read more
  •  52
    Answering to Future People: Responsibility for Climate Change in a Breaking World
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 35 (3): 532-548. 2018.
    Our everyday notions of responsibility are often driven by our need to justify ourselves to specific others – especially those we harm, wrong, or otherwise affect. One challenge for contemporary ethics is to extend this interpersonal urgency to our relations with those future people who are harmed or affected by our actions. In this article, I explore our responsibility for climate change by imagining a possible ‘broken future’, damaged by the carbon emissions of previous generations, and then a…Read more
  • The Demands of Consequentialism
    Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 194 (3): 355-355. 2004.
  •  69
    III—Ethics for Possible Futures
    Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 114 (1pt1): 57-73. 2014.
    I explore the moral implications of four possible futures: a broken future where our affluent way of life is no longer available; a virtual future where human beings spend their entire lives in Nozick's experience machine; a digital future where humans have been replaced by unconscious digital beings; and a theological future where the existence of God has been proved. These futures affect our current ethical thinking in surprising ways. They raise the importance of intergenerational ethics, alt…Read more
  • The Demands of Consequentialism
    Philosophy 78 (304): 289-296. 2003.
  •  14
    Replies to Critics
    Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 4 (2). 2014.
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  •  96
    Our everyday notions of responsibility are often driven by our need to justify ourselves to specific others – especially those we harm, wrong, or otherwise affect. One challenge for contemporary ethics is to extend this interpersonal urgency to our relations with those future people who are harmed or affected by our actions. In this article, I explore our responsibility for climate change by imagining a possible ‘broken future’, damaged by the carbon emissions of previous generations, and then a…Read more
  •  30
    Teaching Future Generations
    Teaching Philosophy 22 (3): 259-273. 1999.
    An introductory ethics course serves many and often disparate ends, so much so that it may be difficult to find a theme or question that can tie these ends together in a coherent course narrative. This paper shares the author’s attempt to do so. In addition to high student interest in the subject, the topic of our obligation to future generations has the advantage of naturally leading a course through several systematic areas of philosophical importance. This topic lends itself not only to moral…Read more
  •  93
    Review: Christopher Woodard: Reasons, Patterns, and Cooperation (review)
    Mind 118 (470): 539-542. 2009.
  • L'esperienza, l'utilitarismo e il cambiamento climatico
    with Eugenio Lecaldano
    Rivista di Filosofia 99 (3): 511-529. 2008.
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    Dissolving the Mere Addition Paradox
    American Philosophical Quarterly 37 (4). 2000.
  •  18
    The Non-Identity Problem
    In Heather Dyke (ed.), Time and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection, Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 209--218. 2003.