Vanderbilt University
Department of Philosophy
PhD, 1973
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
  •  480
    Before and After 9/11
    Ars Disputandi 6 1566-5399. 2006.
  •  134
    Is Marx a Fichtean?
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 36 (1): 93-104. 2010.
  •  118
    Marx and perestroika
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 16 (3): 193-206. 1990.
  •  117
    Theory and practice again: Habermas on historical materialism
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 13 (3): 211-225. 1987.
  •  113
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 5 (1): 2-15. 1978.
  •  113
    Kolakawski and Markovic on stalinism, Marxism, and Marx
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 6 (3): 308-324. 1979.
  •  96
    Human nature and Hegel's critique of Kantian ethics
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 8 (3): 268-282. 1981.
  •  96
    Kant and Phenomenology
    University of Chicago Press. 2011.
    From Platonism to phenomenology -- Kant's epistemological shift to phenomenology -- Hegel's phenomenology as epistemology -- Husserl's phenomenological epistemology -- Heidegger's phenomenological ontology -- Kant, Merleau-Ponty's descriptive phenomenology, and the primacy of perception -- On overcoming the epistemological problem through phenomenology.
  •  89
    On recovering Marx after Marxism
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 26 (4): 95-106. 2000.
    If Marx is to survive as a source of unparalleled insight into the modern world, he needs to be recovered. This article will begin to address some of the difficulties which arise in recovering Marx, above all the need to free Marx from Marxism. Marx has always been studied through Marxism, hence in a way which profoundly distorts his philosophical ideas. If we remove this Marxist 'filter', we see a rather different, more philosophical, and more philosophically-interesting thinker, Hegel's most i…Read more
  •  88
    Merleau-Ponty, Marx, and Marxism: The problem of history
    Studies in East European Thought 48 (1): 63-81. 1996.
    At the present time, Europe, particularly eastern Europe, is still immersed in a major political transformation, the most significant such change since the Second World War, arising out of the rejection of official Marxism. This unforeseen rejection requires meditation by all those concerned with the relation of philosophy to the historical context. Marxism, that follows Marx’s insistence on the link between a theory and the context in which it arises, cannot be indifferent to the rejection of M…Read more
  •  83
    Brandom, Hegel and inferentialism
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies 10 (4). 2002.
    In the course of developing a semantics with epistemological intent, Brandom claims that his inferentialism is Hegelian. This paper argues that, even on a charitable reading, Brandom is an anti-Hegelian.
  •  76
    On reading Hegel
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (1): 55-66. 2007.
    New readings have recently been offered by Frederick Beiser and Robert Brandom of Hegel, a notoriously difficult writer. I believe that both Beiser and Brandom go astray in reading Hegel otherwise than how he reads others, that is, in terms of the internal development of their theories in response to philosophical problems with which they were concerned as opposed to other, external concerns. Beiser reads Hegel’s position in the context of German idealism in order to refute it and Brandom reads …Read more
  •  75
    Aspects of French Hegelianism
    The Owl of Minerva 24 (2): 191-206. 1993.
    It is hardly surprising, since for Hegel philosophers are children of their times, that French Hegelianism differs from Hegelianism in other languages and literatures. At least the following aspects typify the French approach to Hegel's theory. To begin with, Hegel, like a few others, is a master thinker in the French discussion, one of the few intellectual figures around whom the discussion tends to take shape. Second, in the wake of the major impetus provided to French Hegel studies by Kojève'…Read more
  •  63
    Hegel and epistemological constructivism
    Idealistic Studies 36 (3): 183-190. 2006.
    This is a paper about Hegelian constructivism in relation to theory of knowledge. Constructivism, which is known at least since Greek antiquity, isunderstood in different ways. In philosophy, epistemological constructivism is often rejected, and only occasionally studied. Kantian constructivism is examinedfrom time to time under the heading of the Copernican revolution. Hegelian constructivism, which is best understood as a reaction to and revision of Kantianepistemology, seems never to have bee…Read more
  •  62
    Marxian Man
    The Monist 61 (1): 56-71. 1978.
    A great deal of attention has been devoted to Marxian man in recent years as a result of the increased interest in the early Marx. A complete list of all those who have considered this problem cannot be given here, but Lukács, Fromm, Popitz, Petrovic, and Schaff, and among more recent contributors Avineri, Mészáros, Sève and Hartmann should be mentioned. The result of all this attention has been, as could be expected, somewhat ambiguous. On the one hand, progress has been made in several areas. …Read more
  •  60
    The Heidegger Controversy: A Critical Reader
    with Richard Wolin
    Ethics 103 (1): 178-181. 1992.
    This anthology is a significant contribution to the debate over the relevance of Martin Heidegger's Nazi ties to the interpretation and evaluation of his philosophical work. Included are a selection of basic documents by Heidegger, essays and letters by Heidegger's colleagues that offer contemporary context and testimony, and interpretive evaluations by Heidegger's heirs and critics in France and Germany.In his new introduction, "Note on a Missing Text," Richard Wolin uses the absence from this …Read more
  •  59
    From Marx to Kant
    The Owl of Minerva 20 (2): 216-222. 1989.
    In the Communist Manifesto, in a famous boutade, Marx and Engels claimed that capitalism was in the process of bringing forth its own gravediggers. This assertion may once have been true. But lately it has seemed less likely as a description of contemporary society which, for all its problems, appears surprisingly robust. Although capitalism has its problems, and perhaps cannot be said to exist now in the sense that it was described by Marx and Engels, as a social system it has always exhibited …Read more
  •  58
    Volume Introduction
    The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 1999 13-20. 1999.
  •  57
    Reviews (review)
    with John D. Windhausen, Maurice A. Finocchiaro, Irving H. Anellis, and Heinrich Bortis
    Studies in East European Thought 33 (4): 265-267. 1987.
  •  56
    Fichtean Circularity, Antifoundationalism, and Groundless System
    Idealistic Studies 25 (1): 107-124. 1995.
    For some time now I have been arguing that Fichte's theory can be read as circular, antifoundationalist, and systematic, and further arguing that it is the source of an epistemological revolution in philosophy. Fichte and most of his interpreters mainly see him as carrying forward the critical philosophy. But I see him as breaking with it in crucial ways in a profoundly innovative theory. The aim of this paper is to pull together aspects of this argument in a single place in order to describe Fi…Read more
  •  55
    Epistemology As Hermeneutics
    The Monist 73 (2): 115-133. 1990.
    Recent discussion has seen an increase in the interest in hermeneutics. The increased interest in hermeneutics goes back at least until the appearance of Being and Time in 1927, more than sixty years ago. Thisbookis characterized by the unresolved tension between two clearly incompatible theses: the Husserlian form of absolute truth, and a post-Husserlian view of truth arising from the hermeneutical circle. More recently, the interest in hermeneutics has been strengthened by the appearance of Tr…Read more
  •  50
    Foundationalism and Hegelian Logic
    The Owl of Minerva 21 (1): 41-50. 1989.
    It has sometimes erroneously been thought that theory of knowledge worthy of the name, or even epistemology as such comes to an end with Kant. This view is an error, since there are profound views of knowledge in the post-Kantian philosophical tradition, including that in Hegel’s thought. Now epistemology is a wide topic that includes a variety of themes. One of the main themes in the theory of knowledge in modern philosophy, especially in recent years, has been the issue of foundationalism. The…Read more
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  •  48
    The Politics of Salvation. The Hegelian Idea of the State
    Idealistic Studies 16 (3): 279-280. 1986.
    This is not an ordinary study of Hegel’s thought; it is rather an unusual effort to apply that thought to contemporary issues, in particular to that complex problem known as liberation theology. Lakeland’s approach can be loosely characterized as both right wing Hegelian, in that stress is placed on Christian elements, and as progressive Catholic as concerns the interest in liberation theology. The thesis he advances is that Hegel’s political theology is appropriate to illuminate the connection …Read more
  •  48
    Fichte, lask, and lukács's Hegelian marxism
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 30 (4): 557-577. 1992.
  •  47
    Reviews (review)
    with Heinrich Bortis, J. M. Bocheński, Thomas J. Blakeley, Michael M. Boll, John D. Windhausen, Charles E. Ziegler, and John W. Murphy
    Studies in Soviet Thought 28 (1): 39-76. 1984.