• Global Democracy and the Resort to Despotism: Global Democracy Revisited
    Philosophical Papers 48 (1): 83-101. 2019.
    There exist existential global problems we cannot solve unless we resort to a world government. It is desirable that such a government can be held responsible by a democratically elected world parliament. Hence, global democracy is desirable. However, the road to global democracy is blocked by similar problems that render it necessary in the first place: collective decision problems of a different but related sort. And time is short. In particular we face an emergent need to tend to problems to …Read more
  •  10
    Metaphysics and Morality
    Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 41 (3): 355-359. 1998.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  11
    Consequentialism and Free Will
    The Harvard Review of Philosophy 24 23-41. 2017.
    Many moral theories incorporate the idea that when an action is wrong, it is wrong because that there was something else that the agent could and should have done instead. Most notable among these are consequentialist theories. According to consequentialism an action A is wrong if and only if there was another action B that the agent could have performed such that, if the agent had performed B instead of A, the consequences would have been better. Relatively little attention has been given to th…Read more
  •  9
    In Defense of Theory in Ethics
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (4): 4. 1995.
  •  8
    Moral Realism
    Philosophical Quarterly 42 (169): 514. 1992.
    '...the book is very dense with ideas...arguments concerning innumerable interesting points are always worth pondering.'-THE PHILOSOPHICAL REVIEW
  •  55
    Utilitarianism or Prioritarianism?
    Utilitas 27 (2): 240-250. 2015.
    A simple hedonistic theory allowing for interpersonal comparisons of happiness is taken for granted in this article. The hedonistic theory is used to compare utilitarianism, urging us to maximize the sum total of happiness, with prioritarianism, urging us to maximize a sum total of weighed happiness. It is argued with reference to a few thought experiments that utilitarianism is, intuitively speaking, more plausible than prioritarianism. The problem with prioritarianism surfaces when prudence an…Read more
  •  78
    Genetic Technology and Sport: Ethical Questions (edited book)
    with Claudio Marcello Tamburrini
    Routledge. 2005.
    For elite athletes seeking a winning advantage, manipulation of their own genetic code has become a realistic possibility. In Genetic Technology and Sport, experts from sports science, genetics, philosophy, ethics, and international sports administration describe the potential applications of the new technology and debate the questions surrounding its use.
  • Ett stickspår i dödshjälpsdebatten
    Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 2. 1992.
  •  42
    The moral import of modal realism
    Theoria 53 (2-3): 87-96. 1987.
  •  186
    Chinese and Westerners Respond Differently to the Trolley Dilemmas
    Journal of Cognition and Culture 12 (3-4): 195-201. 2012.
    A set of moral problems known as The Trolley Dilemmas was presented to 3000 randomly selected inhabitants of the USA, Russia and China. It is shown that Chinese are significantly less prone to support utility-maximizing alternatives, as compared to the US and Russian respondents. A number of possible explanations, as well as methodological issues pertaining to the field of surveying moral judgment and moral disagreement, are discussed.
  •  12
    Commentary
    Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (2): 113-113. 2005.
    To resort to hypoxic air machines—would that be to cheat? This clearly depends on whether such machines are prohibited or not. So the important question is this: Should sport authorities prohibit them or not?One way of approaching this question may be to argue casuistically. Erythropoietin is prohibited. Blood doping is prohibited. Training at high altitude is allowed. Does the hypoxic air machine bear more resemblance to training at high altitude than to the use of EPO? If that is the case it s…Read more
  •  47
    If there is such a thing as objectively existing prescriptivity, as the moral realist claims, then we can also explain why—and we need not deny that—strong internalism is true. Strong conceptual internalism is true, not because of any belief in any magnetic force thought to be inherent in moral properties themselves, as Mackie argued, but because we do not allow that anyone has ‘accepted’ a normative claim, unless she is prepared to some extent to act on it
  • Replik till Persson
    Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 5 (3): 42. 1984.
  •  11
    Morality and modality
    Philosophical Papers 20 (3): 139-153. 1991.
    No abstract
  •  1
    Visst kan vi observera det goda!
    Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 11 (4): 40. 1990.
  • Book Review (review)
    Ethics 102 392-393. 1992.
  •  46
    In Defence of Theory in Ethics
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (4). 1995.
  •  1
    The Mural Significance of Moral Realism
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 26 (2): 247-261. 1988.
  •  6
    Moral Realism
    Philosophical Review 101 (4): 921. 1992.
  •  13
    Doom soon? (review)
    Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 40 (2). 1997.
    No abstract
  •  42
    Social psychology and the paradox of revolution
    South African Journal of Philosophy 26 (2): 228-238. 2007.
    No. South African Journal of Philosophy Vol.26 (2) 2007:228-238
  •  45
    Conservatism for Our Time
    Routledge. 1990.
    1 THE CONSERVATIVE ATTITUDE THE HARD CORE OF THE CONSERVATIVE IDEOLOGY What is conservatism? It may seem a hopeless task to characterize a timeless concept ...
  •  8
    Two concepts of death reconciled
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (1): 41-46. 1999.
  •  9
    A concrete view of intrinsic value
    In Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen & Michael J. Zimmerman (eds.), Recent Work on Intrinsic Value, Springer. pp. 207--211. 1999.
  • Recension av Knut Erik Tranøy: Medisinsk etikk i vår tid (review)
    Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 1. 1993.
  •  156
    Why should we respect the privacy of donors of biological material?
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (1): 43-52. 2011.
    Why should we respect the privacy of donors of biological material? The question is answered in the present article in general philosophical terms from the point of view of an ethics of honour, a libertarian theory of rights, a view of respect for privacy based on the idea that autonomy is of value in itself, and utilitarianism respectively. For different reasons the ethics of honour and the idea of the value of autonomy are set to one side. It surfaces that the moral rights theory and utilitari…Read more
  • Moral Realism
    Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 1989.
    '...the book is very dense with ideas...arguments concerning innumerable interesting points are always worth pondering.'-THE PHILOSOPHICAL REVIEW.