•  2
    Cournot and Renouvier on Scientific Revolutions
    Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 1-11. forthcoming.
    Historians of philosophy have hitherto either given scant attention to Cournot and Renouvier’s views on scientific revolution, tried to read Kuhn’s concept of scientific revolution back into their works, or did not fully appreciate the extent to which these philosophers were reflecting on the works of their predecessors as well as on developments in mathematics and the sciences. Cournot’s views on cumulative development through revolution resemble Comte’s more than Kuhn’s, and his notion of prog…Read more
  • Recent controversy over whether the Vienna Circle can provide a model for today’s political turn in the philosophy of science indicates the need to clarify just what is meant by the term political philosophy of science. This paper finds fourteen different meanings of the term, including both descriptive and normative usages, having to do with the roles of political values in the sciences, the political consequences and significance of the sciences and scientific modes of thought, and political p…Read more
  • Fraud and Misrepresentation in Research: Whose Rights?
    IRB: Ethics & Human Research 6 (5): 10. 1984.
  •  1
    Fraud and the Norms of Science
    Science, Technology, and Human Values 8 (4): 12-22. 1983.
  •  12
    From positivism to conventionalism: Comte, Renouvier, and Poincaré
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 80 102-109. 2020.
    Considered in its historical context, conventionalism is quite different from the way in which it has been caricatured in more recent philosophy of science, that is, as a conservative philosophy that allows the preservation of theories through arbitrary ad hoc stratagems. It is instead a liberal outgrowth of Comtean positivism, which broke with the Reidian interpretation of the Newtonian tradition in France and defended a role for hypotheses in the sciences. It also has roots in the social contr…Read more
  • Taylor ic Francis. London and Washington. Dc 0269-172bc1992) 6: 1-#
    with Sonia Ryang, Steven I. Miller, Carl Matheson, Harold Brown, Govindan Parayil, Steven Yearley, and Stephen Turner
    Social Epistemology 6 102. 1992.
  •  15
  •  24
    Henri Poincaré and Charles Renouvier on Conventions; or, How Science Is Like Politics
    Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 7 (2): 182-198. 2017.
  • Method, Mind, and Mental Imagery in Auguste Comte
    Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. 1980.
    We cannot accept wholly Comte's substantive claim that discovery is a purely non-verbal process. Still, Comte has given us a useful model. The analysis of case studies from the history of scientific method and discovery should serve to illustrate important operations of the human mind. Thus, any philosophy of mind must incorporate and account for such operations. ;Comte was indebted to Kant in his search for the necessary conditions for knowledge. Unlike Kant, Comte starts with an analysis of ou…Read more
  •  32
    Is Durkheim the enemy of evolutionary psychology?
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (1): 25-52. 2003.
    an exemplar of an approach that takes the human mind to be largely the product of social and cultural factors with negligible contributions from biology. The author argues that on the contrary, his sociological theory of the categories is compatible with the possibility of innate cognitive capacities, taking causal cognition as his example. Whether and to what extent there are such innate capacities is a question for research in the cognitive neurosciences. The extent to which these innate capac…Read more
  • Book Review (review)
    Economics and Philosophy 10 (2): 203-208. 1994.
    The Critical Mass in Collective Action: A Micro-Social Theory, Marwell Gerald and Oliver PamelaOn Social Facts, Gilbert Margaret.
  • "Social Epistemology", by Steve Fuller (review)
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (1): 121. 1991.
  •  12
    Not Your Doktorvater’s Logical Positivism
    Metascience 17 (3): 489-493. 2008.
  •  11
    Book Review: What’s So Social about Social Knowledge? (review)
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (1): 98-125. 2005.
    Although Longino and Solomon are interested in what social conditions will produce better science, neither philosopher has provided a sufficient analysis of the social character of science. For instance, neither considers the social character of discovery as well as that of justification, or that an individual scientist’s social status and social relations may be important for understanding her role in both processes. The contributors to Schmitt’s volume are interested in whether the terms that …Read more
  •  7
    Historical Laws and the History and Philosophy of Science
    Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 3 647-651. 1988.
  •  22
    Words of welcome to our new allies
    with Ullica Segerstrale and Douglas Jesseph
    Social Epistemology 6 (3). 1992.
    No abstract
  • This text demonstrates the link between philosophy of science and scientific practice. Durkheim's sociology is examined as more than a collection of general observations about society, since the constructed theory of the meanings and causes of social life is incorporated.
  •  24
    The Concept of Analysis in Comte’s Philosophy of Mathematics
    Philosophy Research Archives 8 205-222. 1982.
    This paper traces August Comte’s attempts to get clear about the concept of mathematical analysis at various stages in his intellectual development. Comte was especially concerned with distinguishing a method of analysis for the resolution of complex prolems from analysis in the sense of a method of drawing inferences. Geometrical analysis serves as his model for the former. In his attempt to get clear about this notion, he discovers an historical succession of different methods all of which may…Read more
  •  14
    Changing conceptions of the philosophy of science
    with Cassandra L. Pinnick
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (2). 2001.
    (2001). Changing conceptions of the philosophy of science. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 127-131. doi: 10.1080/02698590120058997
  •  15
    Sociology and Hacking's Trousers
    PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992. 1992.
    For Hacking, the word "real", like the sexist expression "wear the trousers", takes its meaning from its negative uses. In this essay, I criticize Hacking's reasons for believing that the objects of study of the social sciences are not real. First I argue that the realism issue in the social sciences concerns not unobservable entities but systems of social classification. I then argue that Hacking's social science nominalism derives from his considering social groups in isolation from the entire…Read more
  •  23
    Renouvier and the method of hypothesis
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (1): 132-148. 2007.
    Renouvier was among the first philosophers in France to break with the nineteenth-century inductivist tradition and defend the use of hypotheses in science. Earlier in the century, the humanistically-educated eclectic spiritualist philosophers who dominated French academic life had followed Reid in proscribing the use of hypotheses. Renouvier, who was educated in the sciences, took up the Comtean positivist alternative and developed it further. He began by defending hypotheses that anticipate la…Read more