•  33
    Developing Deontology: New Essays in Ethical Theory (edited book)
    Wiley-Blackwell. 2012.
    _Developing Deontology_ consists of six new essays in ethical theory by leading contemporary moral philosophers. Each essay considers concepts prominent in the development of deontological approaches to ethics, and these essays offer an invaluable contribution to that development. Essays are contributed by Michael Smith, Philip Stratton-Lake, Ralph Wedgewood, David Owens, Peter Vallentyne, and Elizabeth Harman - all leading contemporary moral philosophers Each essay offers an original and previo…Read more
  •  31
    The demandingness objection
    In Tim Chappell (ed.), The Problem of Moral Demandingness, Palgrave. pp. 148-62. 2009.
  •  30
    Griffin on Human Rights
    Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 30 (1): 193-205. 2010.
    This review article considers James Griffin's book On Human Rights, which is an immensely important contribution to moral and political thought. The review article starts by explaining why Griffin thinks that the term ‘human right’ suffers from an unacceptable indeterminateness of sense, and then summarizes Griffin's objections to various prominent accounts of human rights. An outline of Griffin's own account of human rights follows. His theory grounds human rights in ‘personhood’ and practicali…Read more
  •  25
    Dancy on How Reasons Are Related to Oughts
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (S1): 114-120. 2003.
  •  23
    US and them
    The Philosophers' Magazine 18 50-51. 2002.
  •  22
    Reciprocity and Unselfish Friendship
    Cogito 13 (1): 11-14. 1999.
  •  20
    Up and down with aggregation
    Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1): 126-147. 2009.
    This paper starts by addressing some objections to the very idea of aggregate social good. The paper goes on to review the case for letting aggregate social good be not only morally relevant but also sometimes morally decisive. Then the paper surveys objections to letting aggregate social good determine personal or political decisions. The paper goes on to argue against the idea that aggregate good is sensitive to desert and the idea that aggregate good should be construed as incorporating agent…Read more
  •  19
    Compromising with Convention
    American Philosophical Quarterly 31 (4). 1994.
  •  17
    Publicity in morality
    Ratio 23 111-117. 2010.
    Consider the idea that moral rules must be suitable for public acknowledgement and acceptance, i.e., that moral rules must be suitable for being ‘widely known and explicitly recognized’, suitable for teaching as part of moral education, suitable for guiding behaviour and reactions to behaviour, and thus suitable for justifying one’s behaviour to others. This idea is now most often associated with John Rawls, who traces it back through Kurt Baier to Kant.[1] My book developing ruleconsequentialis…Read more
  •  17
    Morality and Action
    Philosophical Quarterly 46 (184): 382-385. 1996.
  •  17
    Review of George Sher, In Praise of Blame (review)
    Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (3). 2007.
  •  16
    Rule consequentialism
    In R. Shafer-Landau (ed.), Ethical Theory: An Anthology, . pp. 482-495. 2007.
  •  16
    Cudworth and Quinn
    Analysis 61 (4): 333-335. 2001.
  •  16
    Right, wrong, and rule-consequentialism
    In Henry West, Julia Henry Henry & Devin Henry (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Mill's Utilitarianism, Blackwell. pp. 233-248. 2006.
  •  14
    Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality
    Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (1): 91-94. 2004.
  •  13
    E. E. Constance Jones was a student of Henry Sidgwick's. Her article is mainly about the idea that there are ‘two supreme principles of human action, both of which we are under a “manifest obligation” to obey.’ One is the principle of Rational Benevolence and the other is the principle of Rational Self-Love. Jones contends that ‘Rational Benevolence implies or includes the Rationality of Self-Love’. There is one reading of Jones's contention that makes it undeniable but other readings that make …Read more
  •  13
    Does Having Deep Personal Relationships Constitute an Element of Well-Being?
    Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 95 (1): 1-24. 2021.
    Deep personal relationships involve deep mutual understanding and strong mutual affection. This paper focuses on whether having deep personal relationships is one of the elements of well-being. Roger Crisp put forward thought experiments which might be taken to suggest that having deep personal relationships has only instrumental value as a means to other elements of well-being. The different conclusion this paper draws is that having deep personal relationships is an element of well-being if, b…Read more
  •  12
    Review of Nicholas Rescher, Fairness: Theory and Practice of Distributive Justice (review)
    Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (8). 2003.
  •  12
    Rule‐Consequentialism and Obligations Toward the Needy
    Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 79 (1): 19-33. 1998.
    Most of us believe morality requires us to help the desperately needy. But most of us also believe morality doesn't require us to make enormous sacrifices in order to help people who have no special connection with us. Such self‐sacrifice is of course praiseworthy, but it isn't morally mandatory. Rule‐consequentialism might seem to offer a plausible grounding for such beliefs. Tim Mulgan has recently argued in Analysis and Pacific Philosophical Quarterly that rule‐consequentialism cannot do so. …Read more
  •  11
    Theory vs Anti-Theory
    In Ulrika Heuer Gerald Lang (ed.), Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes from the Moral Philosophy of Bernard Williams, Oxford University Press. 2012.
    Bernard Williams influentially attacked ethical theory. This paper assesses arguments for the ‘anti-theory’ position in ethics, including mainly arguments put forward by Williams but also arguments put forward by others. The paper begins by discussing what is supposed to be theory in ethics and what ethical intuitions are taken to be by those involved in the theory versus anti-theory debate. Then the paper responds to the objections that ethical theory is mistaken to prize principles, mistaken t…Read more