•  46
    Mitochondrial replacement techniques, known in the popular media as 'three-parent' or 'three-person' IVFs, have the potential to enable women with mitochondrial diseases to have children who are genetically related to them but without such diseases. In the debate regarding whether MRTs should be made available, an issue that has garnered considerable attention is whether MRTs affect the characteristics of an existing individual or whether they result in the creation of a new individual, given th…Read more
  •  41
    Health (care) and human rights: a fundamental conditions approach
    Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (4): 259-274. 2016.
    Many international declarations state that human beings have a human right to health care. However, is there a human right to health care? What grounds this right, and who has the corresponding duties to promote this right? Elsewhere, I have argued that human beings have human rights to the fundamental conditions for pursuing a good life. Drawing on this fundamental conditions approach of human rights, I offer a novel way of grounding a human right to health care.
  •  32
    Philosophers today are inclined to propose virtues are either something subjective or something universal. However, Confucius and Aristotle, who made the most profound investigations into virtues, did not develop such theses. The deep-seated reason lies in their belief that there is always a possibility for a human being to become a man of practice, which cancels the need of proposing subjectivity thesis. The reason for their not raising the universality thesis of virtues is that they do not thi…Read more
  •  31
    Doing business: an obscure notion of the ethics of public associations in ordinary Chinese
    Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (3): 325-340. 2006.
    Along with the notion of being a person (zuo ren 做人), the notion of doing business (zuo shi 做事) in ordinary Chinese is basically an over-all notion of the norms in the practical and associative activities, carrying typically obscure meanings on practice and association affairs in some external world. Ordinary Chinese not only distinguishes these two notions but also defines a dictionary order of them, with the affairs of the internal world prior to those of the external. The fact that the notion…Read more
  •  30
    Human Rights and Public Health Ethics
    Social Philosophy Today 35 9-20. 2019.
    This paper relates human rights to public health ethics and policies by discussing the nature and moral justification of human rights generally, and the right to health in particular. Which features of humanity ground human rights? To answer this question, as an alternative to agency and capabilities approaches, the paper offers the “fundamental conditions approach,” according to which human rights protect the fundamental conditions for pursuing a good life. The fundamental conditions approach i…Read more
  •  29
    Misattributing the Source of Self-Generated Representations Related to Dissociative and Psychotic Symptoms
    with Chui-De Chiu, Mei-Chih Meg Tseng, Yi-Ling Chien, Chih-Min Liu, Yei-Yu Yeh, and Hai-Gwo Hwu
    Frontiers in Psychology 7. 2016.
  •  25
    Neuroethical concerns about moderating traumatic memories
    American Journal of Bioethics 7 (9). 2007.
    No abstract
  •  25
    The Place of Philosophy in Bioethics Today
    with Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Sean Aas, Dan Brudney, Jessica Flanigan, Alex London, Wayne Sumner, and Julian Savulescu
    American Journal of Bioethics 1-12. forthcoming.
    In some views, philosophy’s glory days in bioethics are over. While philosophers were especially important in the early days of the field, so the argument goes, the majority of the work in bioethic...
  •  19
    Recently, Gerhard Øverland and Alec Walen have developed novel and interesting theories of nonconsequentialism. Unlike other nonconsequentialist theories such as the Doctrine of Double Effect, each of their theories denies that an agent’s mental states are relevant for determining how stringent their moral reasons are against harming others. Instead, Øverland and Walen seek to distinguish morally between instances of harming in terms of the circumstances of the people who will be harmed, rather …Read more
  •  17
    Rightholding, Demandingness of Love, and Parental Licensing
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (3): 762-769. 2017.
  •  14
    Ethics review of big data research: What should stay and what should be reformed?
    with Effy Vayena, Minerva Rivas Velarde, Mahsa Shabani, Gabrielle Samuel, Camille Nebeker, Peter Kleist, Walter Karlen, Jeff Kahn, Phoebe Friesen, Bobbie Farsides, Edward S. Dove, Alessandro Blasimme, Mark Sheehan, Marcello Ienca, and Agata Ferretti
    BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1): 1-13. 2021.
    BackgroundEthics review is the process of assessing the ethics of research involving humans. The Ethics Review Committee is the key oversight mechanism designated to ensure ethics review. Whether or not this governance mechanism is still fit for purpose in the data-driven research context remains a debated issue among research ethics experts.Main textIn this article, we seek to address this issue in a twofold manner. First, we review the strengths and weaknesses of ERCs in ensuring ethical overs…Read more
  •  11
    The ethics of using genetic engineering for sex selection
    Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (2): 116-118. 2005.
    It is quite likely that parents will soon be able to use genetic engineering to select the sex of their child by directly manipulating the sex of an embryo. Some might think that this method would be a more ethical method of sex selection than present technologies such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis because, unlike PGD, it does not need to create and destroy “wrong gendered” embryos. This paper argues that those who object to present technologies on the grounds that the embryo is a person …Read more
  •  11
    Despite the therapeutic potential of human embryonic stem cells, many people believe that HES cell research should be banned. The reason is that the present method of extracting HES cells involves the destruction of the embryo, which for many is the beginning of a person. This paper examines a number of compromise solutions such as parthenogenesis, the use of defective embryos, genetically creating a “pseudo embryo” that can never form a placenta, and determining embryo death, and argues that no…Read more
  •  9
    A Study of the Mechanism of the Congruence of Leader–Follower Power Distance Orientation on Employees’ Task Performance
    with Yan Bao, Jianqiao Liao, Yucheng Zhang, Chuanjun Deng, and Zhiwen Guo
    Frontiers in Psychology 10. 2019.
  •  8
    Experiments have suggested that umbilical cord blood stem cells can be used to prevent diseases such as atherosclerosis. This paper discusses ethical issues surrounding such usage such as the uncertainty that individuals at risk of a disease will actually get the disease; issues related to research with children; safety issues; from where these stem cells would be obtained; and whether these usages should be considered as therapies or as physical enhancements.
  •  8
    Introduction: Finding out the Right Way to Understand Virtue Ethics
    Frontiers of Philosophy in China 8 (1): 1-3. 2013.
  •  8
    Précis for The Right to Be Loved
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (3): 738-742. 2017.
  •  7
    Editorial
    Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (1): 1-2. 2013.
  •  7
    The Organism View Defended
    The Monist 89 (3): 334-350. 2006.
  •  5
    Informal Status and Taking Charge: The Different Roles of OBSE, P-J Fit, and P-S Fit
    with Chuanjun Deng, Zhiqiang Liu, Yucheng Zhang, and Yan Bao
    Frontiers in Psychology 11. 2020.
  •  4
    What are centered worlds
    Philosophical Quarterly 62 (247): 294-316. 2012.
    David Lewis argues that centered worlds give us a way to capture de se, or self‐locating, contents in philosophy of language and philosophy of mind. In recent years, centered worlds have also gained other uses in areas ranging widely from metaphysics to ethics. This paper raises a problem for centered worlds and discusses the costs and benefits of different solutions. The present investigation into the nature of centered worlds helps to explicate potentially problematic implicit commitments of t…Read more
  •  3
    Our current work seeks to provide direct empirical evidence on whether Chinese international students’ experiences studying abroad promote dialectical thinking. We collected behavioral data from 258 Chinese international students studying in multiple regions. We found that there was a main effect among the four conditions. More specifically, when primed with studying abroad or typical day, participants were more likely to show tolerance for contradiction by deeming both sides of contradictory sc…Read more
  •  2
    Moral Brains: The Neuroscience of Morality (edited book)
    Oxford University Press USA. 2016.
    In the last fifteen years, there has been significant interest in studying the brain structures involved in moral judgments using novel techniques from neuroscience such as functional magnetic resonance imaging. Many people, including a number of philosophers, believe that results from neuroscience have the potential to settle seemingly intractable debates concerning the nature, practice, and reliability of moral judgments. This has led to a flurry of scientific and philosophical activities, res…Read more
  •  2
    Ethics of Artificial Intelligence (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 2020.
    "Featuring seventeen original essays on the ethics of Artificial Intelligence by some of the most prominent AI scientists and academic philosophers today, this volume represents the state-of-the-art thinking in this fast-growing field and highlights some of the central themes in AI and morality such as how to build ethics into AI, how to address mass unemployment as a result of automation, how to avoiding designing AI systems that perpetuate existing biases, and how to determine whether an AI is…Read more
  •  1
    Toward a Basic Mutual Understanding between Confucian and Aristotelian Virtue Ethics
    Business and Professional Ethics Journal 36 (3): 273-284. 2017.
    It is important for philosophers to find out positive approaches for increasing mutual understanding on those fundamental questions in both the Confucian and Aristotelian traditions of doing virtue ethics. The Aristotelian concept of the good and the Confucian concept of dao pose a question about the way human beings see the final principle of ethics. Staying within the realm of human life, Confucius develops two co-related perspectives of seeing the dao of human being. The first perspective see…Read more