•  66
    On Being Wholeheartedly Ambivalent: Indecisive Will, Unity of the Self, and Integration by Narration (review)
    Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (1): 27-40. 2014.
    In this paper, I want to discuss the relation between ambivalence and the unity of the self. I will raise the question whether a person can be both ambivalent about his own will and nevertheless be wholehearted. Since Harry Frankfurt’s theory is my main point of reference, I briefly introduce his account of the will and the reasons for his opposition towards ambivalence in the first section. In the second section, I analyse different interpretations of ambivalence. In the third section, I provid…Read more
  •  36
    The chapter starts from a specific interpretation of what it means to know the difference between right and wrong, which stems from Gilbert Ryle. To know the difference between right and wrong implies caring about morality. The author links Ryle’s ideas to the notion of being a moral person. Two different ideas found in moral philosophy are delineated, namely, the amoral person, that is, someone who rejects the demands of morality, and the morally incapacitated person, that is, someone who canno…Read more
  •  42
    Lennart Nordenfelt’s theory of health: Introduction to the theme (review)
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1): 3-4. 2006.
    The paper contrasts Lennart Nordenfelt’s normative theory of health with the naturalists’ point of view, especially in the version developed by Christopher Boorse. In the first part it defends Boorse’s analysis of disease against the charge that it falls short of its own standards by not being descriptive. The second part of the paper sets out to analyse the positive concept of health and introduces a distinction between a positive definition of health and a positive conception of health. An obj…Read more
  •  30
    Verteilungsgerechtigkeit ohne Verteilungsgleichheit
    Analyse & Kritik 21 (2): 171-191. 1999.
    Alternative approaches in the discussion of distributive justice differ in their answers to the question 'equality of what'? In this essay I intend to ask instead 'why equality'? The article rejects several arguments in favour of distributive equality, mainly on the grounds that they confuse two different kinds of justice, namely 'formal' justice and distributive justice. The ideal of distributive equality is based on comparisons but equal respect does not necessarily involve relational consider…Read more
  •  2
    Die Anmaßung der Gleichheitsvoraussetzung
    Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 51 (2): 255. 2003.
  •  5
    In Thomas Schramme & Michael Schefczyk (eds.), John Stuart Mill: Über Die Freiheit, De Gruyter. pp. 201-204. 2015.
  •  24
    Behinderung. Absolute oder relative Einschränkung des Wohlergehens?
    Ethik in der Medizin 15 (3): 180-190. 2003.
    ZusammenfassungDer Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit der Frage, ob eine Behinderung immer als Form von Leid betrachtet werden muss. Mit Hilfe einer Unterscheidung zwischen absoluten und komparativen Einschränkungen des Wohls wird aufgezeigt, dass die bloße Tatsache einer vorliegenden medizinischen Schädigung nicht hinreicht, ein Urteil über das absolute Wohl einer Person zu treffen. Es werden verschiedene Argumente geprüft, warum Behinderung dennoch generell negativ bewertet werden sollte. Diese werd…Read more
  •  9
    Philosophy and Psychiatry (edited book)
    with J. Thome
    De Gruyter. 2003.
    The interdisciplinary contributions of this edition promote the development of a new "philosophical psychopathology".
  • Der Person des Patienten gerecht werden
    In Günther Thomas, Stephan Schaede & Markus Höfner (eds.), Endliches Leben: Interdisziplinäre Zugänge zum Phänomen der Krankheit, Mohr Siebeck. pp. 215-227. 2010.
  •  12
    Das Selbstverständnis der politischen Theorie 12.4. Isaiah Berlin (1962), Does Political theory still exist?(Florian Wieczorek) (review)
    with Dipl-Pol Andreas Busen and Alexander Weiß
    Political Theory 9 (3): 379-399. 2007.
  •  29
    Natürlichkeit als Wert
    Analyse & Kritik 24 (2002): 249-271. 2002.
    The predicate 'natural' is often used in a normative fashion, especially in Bioethics. But that something is natural does not alone suffice to explain its value. In this essay, I want to fulfil mainly two tasks: Firstly, to differentiate between several usages of the concept of naturalness and scrutinize whether they may serve a function in ethics; secondly, to argue for the value of naturalness in certain respects. The value of the natural lies firstly in its significance for human well-being: …Read more
  •  84
    ‘I hope that I get old before I die’: ageing and the concept of disease
    Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (3): 171-187. 2013.
    Ageing is often deemed bad for people and something that ought to be eliminated. An important aspect of this normative aspect of ageing is whether ageing, i.e., senescence, is a disease. In this essay, I defend a theory of disease that concludes that ageing is not a disease, based on an account of natural function. I also criticize other arguments that lead to the same conclusion. It is important to be clear about valid reasons in this debate, since the failure of bad analyses is exploited by pr…Read more
  •  47
    Die politische Quacksalberei des libertären Paternalismus
    Zeitschrift Für Praktische Philosophie 3 (1): 531-558. 2016.
    Der libertäre Paternalismus befürwortet Eingriffe in die Entscheidungsfindung von Bürgern, ohne ihnen Optionen völlig nehmen zu wollen. Vielmehr soll die Lenkung des Willens durch Schubser geschehen. Im folgenden Beitrag möchte ich zeigen, dass der libertäre Paternalismus auf tönernen Füßen steht. Ich bediene mich dabei des polemischen Bilds von Quacksalbern. Dieses Bild passt zu meinem argumentativen Vorgehen, da ich erstens zeigen will, dass der libertäre Paternalismus falsche Diagnosen über v…Read more
  •  19
    Any theory of health justice requires an account of what areas of social life are important enough to be of public concern. What are the goods that ought to be provided as a matter of justice? This is what I will call the metric problem. The capabilities approach puts forward a particular solution to this problem. In this article I will discuss some issues of such an approach in relation to Sridhar Venkatapuram's well-known theory. Another problem I examine is how to determine a threshold of pro…Read more
  •  43
    Christopher Boorse and the Philosophy of Medicine
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (6): 565-571. 2014.
    In 2012, the symposium "Christopher Boorse and the Philosophy of Medicine" was held at the University of Hamburg. The initial ideas presented at this event, which celebrated Chris's contribution to the development of what is now a vibrant area of research, especially to the theory of disease, form the core of the papers published in this issue. Similarly to what Robert Nozick once said about John Rawls's work, it can be demanded that philosophers of medicine must now either work within Boorse's …Read more
  •  23
    Review: Philosophie und Medizin. Ein Blick in aktuelle Veröffentlichungen (review)
    Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 51 (1). 1997.
  •  12
    On Norman Daniels' interpretation of the moral significance of healthcare
    Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (1): 17-20. 2009.
    According to Norman Daniels, the moral significance of health needs stem from their impact on the normal opportunity range: pathological conditions involve comparative disadvantage. In this paper I defend an alternative reading of the moral importance of healthcare, which focuses on non-comparative aspects of disease. In the first section I distinguish two contrasting perspectives on pathological conditions, viz a comparative versus a non-comparative. By using this distinction I introduce a rela…Read more