•  45
    Ultimism and the aims of human immaturity -- Faith without details, or how to practice skeptical religion -- Simple faith and the complexities of tradition -- The structure of faith justification -- How skeptical faith is true to reason -- Anselm's idea -- Leibniz's ambition -- Paley's wonder -- Pascal's wager -- Kant's postulate -- James's will -- Faith is positively justified : the many modes of religious vision.
  •  45
    William Alston's Perceiving God: The Epistemology of Religious Experience is a most significant contribution to the philosophy of religion. The product of 50 years' reflection on its topic , this work provides a very thorough explication and defence of what Alston calls the ‘mystical perceptual practice’ – the practice of forming beliefs about the Ultimate on the basis of putative ‘direct experiential awareness’ thereof . Alston argues, in particular, for the rationality of engaging in the Chris…Read more
  •  37
    Divine Hiddenness and Human Reason
    Philosophical Review 104 (1): 153. 1995.
  •  35
    Reactions to MacIntosh
    Philo 14 (1): 77-84. 2011.
    In his response to my trilogy, Jack MacIntosh suggests a variety of ways in which its conclusions may be challenged, drawing on considerations scientific, moral, and prudential. I argue that the challenges can be met, and, in the process, show how the trilogy’s reasoning can be extended and strengthened on a number of fronts
  •  35
    Response to Howard-Snyder
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy 26 (3). 1996.
  •  34
    A modest solution to the problem of religious disagreement
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 82 (3): 273-288. 2017.
    In this paper I develop a new recipe for solving the problem of religious disagreement suggested by the injunction to cultivate intellectual humility conjoined with awareness of human immaturity in deep time. The ingredients brought to the table include such things as noticing the full breadth and texture of the religious propositional field, observing the previously hidden areas of agreement this exposes, making a differential judgment of importance in relation to religious propositions, applyi…Read more
  •  33
    This paper begins by surveying some of the problems facing Swinburne 's general approach, finding unfortunate the absence from his tetralogy of a strategy that might have helped to alleviate them, namely an attempt to show that a traditional Christian creed is more probable than the creed of any other religion. It then discusses certain particular arguments of the tetralogy – arguments offered in defence of the traditional Christian doctrine of the Atonement – which are central to the detailed w…Read more
  •  32
    Mark McCreary has argued that I cannot consistently advance both the hiddenness argument and certain arguments for religious scepticism found in my book The Wisdom to Doubt . This reaction was expected, and in WD I explained its shortsightedness in that context. First, I noted how in Part III of WD , where theism is addressed, my principal aim is not to prove atheism but to show theists that they are not immune from the scepticism defended in Parts I and II. To the success of this aim, McCreary'…Read more
  •  32
    Review of Michael Martin (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism (review)
    Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (6). 2007.
  •  31
    In Praise of Austerity: A Reply to Forrest
    Sophia 52 (4): 695-700. 2013.
    This is an invited response to Peter Forrest’s review of my trilogy on the philosophy of religion, which appeared in a previous issue of this journal
  •  29
    Truth-triggered religious commitments
    Religious Studies 1-17. forthcoming.
  •  26
    Replies to Leidenhag and Trakakis
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 13 (2): 195-206. 2021.
    In this essay, I reply to the comments of Joanna Leidenhag and Nick Trakakis on my book Religion After Science: The Cultural Consequences of Religious Immaturity.
  •  22
    In this paper I distinguish two levels of intellectual importance, derived and underived, showing how the former can be species-based. Then I do four things: first, identify a neglected way, stemming from perceived human intellectual maturity, in which many of us are vulnerable to a sense of species-based importance; second, show—in part by appealing to facts about deep time—that we have no right to this sense and so evince a failure of intellectual humility if we acquiesce in it; third, defend …Read more
  •  22
    The sounds of silence stilled: a reply to jordan
    God or Blind Nature? Philosophers Debate the Evidence. 2008.
  •  19
    Jordan's Jamesian Wager
    God or Blind Nature? Philosophers Debate the Evidence. 2008.
  •  17
    Evolutionary Religion
    Oxford University Press. 2013.
    Prologue: Deep Time Religion -- Half a Revolution -- First Among Unequals? -- Evolutionary Skepticism -- The New Pessimism -- The New Optimism 6. Imagination is Key -- The "Chief Objections" -- Religion for Pioneers -- Epilogue: Darwin's Door and Hegel's Hinge.
  •  16
    On the Nature and Existence of God
    Review of Metaphysics 46 (2): 402-404. 1992.
    The aim of this book, reflected in its title, is to clarify the theist's conception of God while supporting skepticism with respect to its instantiation. The first half of this task is carried out through an investigation of atheological arguments. These are arguments that seek to deduce a contradiction from properties traditionally ascribed to God--omnipotence, absoluteness, immutability, timelessness, benevolence, and so on--with the help of only necessarily true additional premises. Arguments…Read more
  •  16
  •  16
    Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution (review)
    International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 7 (1). 2017.
  •  14
    On Religious Skepticism
    International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 10 (3-4): 268-282. 2020.
    I seek to promote a fuller understanding of religious skepticism by defending five theses. These concern, respectively: its breadth, discussed in relation to theism on the one hand and naturalism on the other; why it should be distinguished from a general metaphysical skepticism; how it is supported by the consequences of recent cultural evolution, which at the same time enable new and stronger arguments for atheism; the relations it bears to non-doxastic religious faith; and, finally, its curio…Read more
  •  5
    In many places and times, and for many people, God's existence has been rather less than a clear fact. According to the hiddenness argument, this is actually a reason to suppose that it is not a fact at all. The hiddenness argument is a new argument for atheism that has come to prominence in philosophy over the past two decades. J. L. Schellenberg first developed the argument in 1993, and this book offers a short and vigorous statement of its central claims and ideas. Logically sharp but so clea…Read more
  •  3
    Prolegomena to a Philosophy of Religion
    Cornell University Press. 2005.
    "There is no attempt here to lay down as inviolable or to legislate certain ways of looking at things or ways of proceeding for philosophers of religion, only proposals for how to deal with a range of basic issues-proposals that I hope will ignite much fruitful discussion and which, in any case, I shall take as a basis for my own ongoing work in the field."-from the Preface Providing an original and systematic treatment of foundational issues in philosophy of religion, J. L. Schellenberg's new b…Read more