London School of Economics
Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method
PhD, 1976
  •  83
    Should We Teach Patriotism?
    Studies in Philosophy and Education 18 (3): 157-173. 1999.
    This article examines a particular debate between Eamonn Callan and William Galston concerning the need for a civic education which counters the divisive pull of pluralism by uniting the citizenry in patriotic allegiance to a single national identity
  • Just between ourselves+ new books on justice
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies 4 (1): 128-138. 1996.
  •  1
    Negligent Rape
    Australian Journal of Professional and Applied Ethics 1 (2). 1999.
  •  4
    Political philosophy
    Philosophical Books 46 (2): 178-182. 2005.
  • Sartre is Dead
    Radical Philosophy 25 1. 1980.
  •  141
    Informed consent: Autonomy and self-ownership
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (1). 2008.
    Using the example of an unconsented mouth swab I criticise the view that an action of this kind taken in itself is wrongful in respect of its being a violation of autonomy. This is so much inasmuch as autonomy merits respect only with regard to ‘critical life choices’. I consider the view that such an action is nevertheless harmful or risks serious harm. I also respond to two possible suggestions: that the action is of a kind that violates autonomy; and, that the class of such actions violates a…Read more
  •  57
    Assisted Dying and Legal Change – Penney Lewis
    Philosophical Quarterly 61 (242): 215-216. 2011.
  •  169
    Children's rights
    Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2008.
    Children are young human beings. Some children are very young human beings. As human beings children evidently have a certain moral status. There are things that should not be done to them for the simple reason that they are human. At the same time children are different from adult human beings and it seems reasonable to think that there are things children may not do that adults are permitted to do. In the majority of jurisdictions, for instance, children are not allowed to vote, to marry, to b…Read more
  •  13
    How Should We Teach Sex?
    Philosophy of Education 32 (3): 437-450. 1998.
    In the face of differences about how sex should be taught to young persons, and consistent with a liberal principle of neutrality, educationalists can adopt one of two strategies. The ‘retreat to basics’ consists in teaching only a basic agreed code of sexual conduct, or a set of agreed principles of sexual morality. The ‘conjunctive–disjunctive’ strategy consists in teaching the facts of sexual activity together with the various possible evaluations of these facts. Both strategies are beset wit…Read more
  • Editorial: Letting Babies Die
    with Margaret Brazier
    Journal of Medical Ethics. forthcoming.
  •  59
    Political Reasonability
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (1). 2005.
    According to Stephen Macedo, ‘[liberal], democratic politics is not only about individual rights and limited government, it is also about justification … political justification … understood politically.’ ‘Political justification,’ he asserts, ‘is a core liberal goal.’ Gerald Gaus, similarly, writes that the ‘idea of public justification is at the heart of a contractual liberalism.’ Very many other contemporary political philosophers believe that the politics of a liberal polity must be justifia…Read more
  •  5
    Book Review (review)
    Economics and Philosophy 14 (2): 362-368. 1998.
  •  92
    Wrongful life
    Philosophy 79 (3): 403-420. 2004.
    I argue that it is wrong deliberately to bring into existence an individual whose life we can reasonably expect will be of very poor quality. The individual's life would on balance be worth living but would nevertheless fall below a certain threshold. Additionally the prospective parents are unable to have any other child who would enjoy a better existence. Against the claims of John Harris and John Robertson I argue that deliberately to conceive such a child would not be to exercise the right t…Read more
  • Privacy and Social Freedom (review)
    Radical Philosophy 67. 1994.
  • Fair Enough?
    Radical Philosophy Group. 1994.
  •  7
    The Acceptable Face of Philosophy
    Philosophy Now 95 12-13. 2013.
  •  114
    Consider the following examples of behavior by Smith: 1. Smith, seated at her restaurant table, gives an order to the waiter; 2. Smith gets into a cab and names a destination; 3. Smith agrees to Jones's suggestion that they go back to Jones's apartment for a few drinks; 4. Smith casts her vote in some election. In each of these instances what can Smith be understood as consenting to? Is she consenting to pay the bill for whatever meal she orders; pay the fare for the journey to her named destina…Read more
  • Oriental Enlightenment (review)
    Radical Philosophy 91. 1998.
  •  4
    Dialectical Materialism
    Irish Philosophical Journal 1 (1): 53-69. 1984.